GK SERIES FOR SSC,IAS,PCS,HAS,HCS
AND OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMS
1206 – 1526 AD
Rise of Delhi Sultanate:
Muizuddin Mohd. Ghori, the last Turkish conqueror of north India, defeated Prithviraj Chauhan, the Chauhan ruler of Ajmer, Delhi and parts of the Punjab, in the second battle of Tarain in 1192 and occupied his vast territory up to Delhi. He also defeated the Gahadavala ruler Jai Chandra, the ruler of Kannauj, in the battle of Chandawar in 1194, capturing his territory up to Varanasi. Mohd. Bin Bakhtiyar Khalji, one of the commanders of Mohd Ghori conquered Bihar from the later Palas in 1197 and Bengal from the last Sena ruler Lakshaman Sena in 1199. Muizuddin Mohd. Ghori had no sons. He didn’t nominate any particular one as his successor. Mohd. Ghori’s sudden death in 1206 resulted in a scramble for supremacy among his three important generals – Qutbuddin Aibak (a viceroy of Mohd. Ghori and commander of his army in India), Tajuddin Yalduz (ruled Karman and Sankuran between Afghanistan and Sind), and Nasiruddin Qubacha (held Uchh). The assumption of sovereign powers by Qutubuddin Aibak in 1206 is regarded as the foundation of the Sultanate of Delhi and the first ruling dynasty of the sultanate.
There were 5 dynasties during Delhi Sultanate period (1206 – 1526 AD):
· Mamluk dynasty (12061290)
· Khilji dynasty (12901320)
· Tughlaq dynasty (13201413)
· Sayyid dynasty (14141451)
· Lodi dynasty (14511526)
Mamluk Dynasty 1206 – 1290 AD
Mamluk Dynasty is commonly known as the Slave Dynasty (Also called as ‘the early turk’, and ‘the ilbari’). Mamulks had a Turkish origin. It was the first dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. Mamluk Dynasty was established by Qutubuddin Aibak who was a slave and general of Muhammad Ghori. Aibak took control of Ghori’s territories in the Indian region after his death.
Important rulers of the Mamluk dynasty: