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Saturday, November 19, 2016

GK SERIES FOR SSC,IAS,PCS,HAS,HCS AND OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMS (HISTORY-17)

GK SERIES FOR SSC,IAS,PCS,HAS,HCS
AND OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMS
(HISTORY-17)
VIJAYNAGAR EMPIRE
(1336 - 1565 A.D.)
The empire was founded by Harihara-I and Bukka-I, two of the five sons of Sangama. Harihara and Bukka were in the service of the Raya of Kampili. When Bahauddin Gurshap, a cousin of Mohd. bin Tughlaq, revolted and took refuge with the Raya of Kampili, the Sultan attacked Kampili and annexed it to the Delhi Sultanate. During the course of this war, Harihara and Bukka were both made prisoners of war and taken to Delhi. In 1335, when Tughlaq possessions in the south were in a stage of general turmoil, the Sultan released them and sent as commanders of the Tughlaq troops to restore order in the south, where they came under the influence of a sage and declared their independence.
·         Harihara and Bukka, who founded the empire in 1336, were the sons of Sangama and named the first dynasty of Vijaynagar after their father as Sangama Dynasty (1336-1485).
·         The second dynasty, founded by Saluva Narasimha, known as Saluva dynasty, ruled from 1485 to 1505.
·         The third dynasty, known as Tuluva ruled from 1503 to 1570.
·         The fourth or the Aravidu dynasty ruled till about the middle of the seventeenth century.

GK SERIES FOR SSC,IAS,PCS,HAS,HCS AND OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMS (HISTORY-16)

GK SERIES FOR SSC,IAS,PCS,HAS,HCS
AND OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMS
(HISTORY-16)
BAHMANI KINGDOM
·         Bahmani Kingdom was a parallel kingdom north of Vijayanagar in the same period.
·         It was founded in 1347 by Allaudin Hassan who claimed himself to be descendent of a famous Iranian Royal family and assumed title of ‘Bahman Shah
·         He also had a Brahmin Guru, Gangu, hence he is also known as ‘Hassan Gangu’
·         He made his capital in Gulbarga in Karnataka.

The important kings who expanded and consolidated the Bahmani Kingdom were:
1. Taj-ud-din Firoz Shah Bahman (1397-1422):
·         He was educated and learned man and knew many languages.
·         He built astronomical observatory in Daulatabad.
·         He married daughter of Dev Raya I and was later defeated by him.
·         He was succeeded by his brother Ahmad Shah.

2. Ahmad Shah (1422-1435):
·         Also known as Wali as he was treated as Sufi Saint.
·         He shifted the capital from Gulbarga to Bidar
·         A famous north Indian saint Gesu Daraz (Long Haired), a saint of Chisti Silsila, visited during this period.

GK SERIES FOR SSC,IAS,PCS,HAS,HCS AND OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMS (HISTORY-15)

GK SERIES FOR SSC,IAS,PCS,HAS,HCS
AND OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMS
(HISTORY-15)
Delhi Sultanate

Central Administration during Delhi Sultanate:
·         Diwan-i-Wizarat (Finance Department) headed by Wazir.
·         Diwan-i-Ariz (Military Department) headed by Ariz-i-Mumalik.
·         Diwan-i-Insha (Correspondence Department) headed by Dabir-i-Mumalik.
·         Diwan-i-Risalat (Appeals Department) headed by Dabir-i-Mulq.
·         Diwan-i-Mustakharaj (Arrears Department) founded by Alaudin Khilji.
·         Diwan-i-Riyasat (Commerce Department) headed by Rais-i-Mumalik.
·         Diwan-i-Kohi (Agriculture Department) founded by Mohd bin Tughlaq.
·         Diwan-i-Bandgan (Slaves Department) founded by Firoz Tughlaq.
·         Diwan-i-Khairat (Charity Department) founded by Firoz Tughlaq.
·         Diwan-i-Isthiaq (Pension Department) founded by Firoz Tughlaq.

Administrative Units:
·         Iqta (Province) headed by Muqti or Wali.
·         Shiq (District) headed by Siqadar.
·         Pargana (Taluka) headed by Chaudary and Amil.
·         Gram (Village) headed by Muqaddam or Khut.

Important Literature of Delhi Sultanate:
·         Tahiqiq-i-Hind by Alberuni – wrote about Slave Dyansty.
·         Tabaqat-i-Nasiri by Minhaj-us-Siraj – account of Iltutmish’s reign.
·         Laila Manju by Amir Khusrau.
·         Khazain-ul-Futuh by Amir Khusrau – conquests of Alauddin Khilji.
·         Tughlaqnama by Amir Khusrau – account of Ghiyasudin Balban’s reign.
·         Nuh-Siphir by Amir Khusrau
·         Fatwa-i-Jahandari by Zia ud din Barani – account of Tughlaq dynasty.
·         Tarikh-i-Firoz Shahi by Zia ud din Barani - account of Firoz Shah’s reign.
·         Fatwah-i-Firoz Shahi by Firoz Shah.
·         Kitab-ul-Hind by Alberuni.
·         Kitab-ul-Tahqiq by Alberuni – About Indian Sciences.
·         Qanun-e-Masudi by Alberuni – about Astronomy.
·         Taj-ul-Maathir by Hasan Nizami – about Slave dynasty.
·         Shah Namah by Firdausi – about Mohmud Ghazni’s reign.
·         Kitab-ul-Rehala by Ibn Batuta


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