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Wednesday, January 31, 2024

DAILY GK 21-23 JAN

 DAILY GK 21-23 JAN 

1.         COMMEMORATIVE POSTAGE STAMPS & BOOK ON AYODHYA RAM TEMPLE

·           Prime Minister Narendra Modi has released six special commemorative postage stamps dedicated to the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi temple in Ayodhya(Uttar Pradesh) and also revealed a book with stamps issued by various countries portraying Lord Ram.

·           The commemorative collection comprises six distinct stamps, including depictions of the Ram Janmabhoomi Temple, Lord Ganesh, Lord Hanuman, Jatayu, Kevatraj, and Ma Shabri.

·           The miniature sheet on the Ram Janmbhoomi temple was also released, which carries six postage stamps and other designs associated with Lord Ram.

·           The other designs of the stamps include the Ram JanmbhoomiMandir, the revered Choupai ‘Mangal Bhavan Amangal Hari’ (lines from Tulsidas’s epic ‘Ramcharitmanas’), the sun(rays were depicted by using golden leaves), the symbol of ‘Suryavanshi’ Ram, the sacred Saryu River, and the sculptures in and around the temple.

 

2.         CABO VERDE DECLARED A MALARIA-FREE COUNTRY BY WHO

·           The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the Republic of Cabo Verde (also known as Cabo Verde or Cape Verde) as a Malaria-free country.

·           Cabo Verde became the third country to be certified in the WHO African region to eradicate malaria, following Mauritius in 1973 and Algeria in 2019.

·           WHO has awarded the ‘malaria-free’ certification to 43 countries and 1 territory.

·           WHO certifies a country as malaria-free when it demonstrates the interruption of nationwide malaria transmission for at least 3 consecutive years.

·           Republic of Cabo Verde:President – José Maria Neves

·           Capital – Praia

·           Currency – Cape Verdean Escudo

 

3.         NSE WORLD’S LARGEST DERIVATIVES EXCHANGE IN 2023 FOR 5TH CONSECUTIVE YEAR

·           According to the statistics published by the Futures Industry Association (FIA), the National Stock Exchange of India Ltd (NSE) has emerged as the world’s largest derivatives exchange in 2023 in terms of the number of contracts traded. NSE has retained the title for the 5th consecutive year.

·           As per the statistics maintained by the World Federation of Exchanges (WFE), NSE ranks 3rd in the world in equity segment by number of trades (electronic order book) in 2023.

·           NSE was the first exchange in India to implement electronic or screen-based trading.

·           Market capitalization of listed companies exceeded USD 4 trillion,Small and Medium-sized Enterprise (SME) listed companies exceeded the Rs 1,00,000 crore mark

·           For the 1st time, the Nifty 50 index exceeded the 20,000 index levels.

·           The number of unique registered investors on the exchange exceeded 8.5 crores at the end of the calendar year 2023.

 

4.         HIGH-LEVEL COMMITTEE TO SAFEGUARD INTERESTS OF SCHEDULED CASTES

·           The government of India (GoI) has formed a high-level Committee to examine administrative measures aimed at protecting the interests of the most disadvantaged groups within the Scheduled Caste (SC), like Madigas.

·           The committee was constituted under the direction of Prime Minister(PM) Narendra Modi, with Rajiv Gauba, the Cabinet Secretary as its Chairman.

·           This initiative is to address existing disparities within the SC communities and to ensure the fair and equitable distribution of benefits to SC communities.

·           Composition of the Committee:The committee will include key secretaries from Ministry of Home Affairs(MoHA); Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT); Ministry of Tribal Affairs(MoTA); Department of Legal Affairs; and Department of Social Justice and Empowerment.

 

5.         INDIGENOUS ASTRA MISSILES FOR SUPPLY TO IAF

·           The Minister of State (MoS) Ajay Bhatt, Ministry of Defence (MoD) flagged off the indigenously developed and manufactured Astra Missiles for supply to the Indian Air Force(IAF) at Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL)’s Kanchanbagh Unit in Hyderabad, Telangana.

·           Astra is a Beyond Visual Range (BVR) class of Air-to-Air Missile (AAM) system

·           Astra is designed to be mounted on fighter aircraft.

·           It was developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and manufactured by BDL.

·           The missile is designed to engage and destroy highly manoeuvring supersonic aircraft.

·           The ASTRA Mk-I Weapon System, integrated with Sukhoi SU-30MkI aircraft was inducted into IAF.
Astra missile Range – 80 -110 km,Maximum Speed – Mach 4.5

 

6.         NORTH KOREA TESTS UNDERWATER NUCLEAR WEAPON SYSTEM ‘HAEIL-5-23’

·           North Korean defence ministry’s think tank has tested a nuclear-capable underwater attack drone ‘Haeil-5-23’(meaning tsunami) in the East Sea, also known as the Sea of Japan

·           Haeil-5-23, the unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) attacks by creating a large radioactive wave by exploding under the water.

·           The test was conducted in response to the three-day joint military exercises conducted by the navies of South Korea, the United States of America (USA) and Japan.

 

7.         HIMALAYAN WOLF CLASSIFIED AS ‘VULNERABLE’ ON IUCN RED LIST

·           The Himalayan Wolf (Canis lupus; Subspecies: chanco), a crucial lupine predator in the Himalayas, is classified as ‘Vulnerable’ under criteria C2a(ii) on the global International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCNRed List.

·           This is the 1st time the Himalayan wolf has been assessed by the IUCN and the assessment was done on 27 June 2023.

·           UCN Red List Assessment flags a continuing decline in the area, extent, and/or quality of Himalayan wolf habitat.

 

8.         INDIA BECOMES 1ST VICE CHAIR OF FAO COFI SUB-COMMITTEE

·           India has been elected as the 1st Vice-Chair of Sub-Committee on Fisheries Management(SCFM) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations(FAO) Committee on Fisheries (COFI).

·           Dr. Balaji was elected as the first vice chairperson of the incoming bureau of the SCFM.

·           India will serve as a member of the FAO Fisheries Bureau on Capture Fisheries for the first time in 57 years.

·           Sub-Committee on Fisheries Management: was established during the 35th session of the FAO COFI in Rome, Italy.

·           FAO Director-General– Dr. Qu Dongyu

·           Headquarters– Rome, Italy

·           Established in– 1945

 

9.         GUJARAT’S KACHCHHI KHAREK FRUIT GETS GI TAG

·           Kachchhi Kharek or Kutchi dates, the indigenous dates variety of Kutch in Gujarat got a geographical indication (GI) tag from the Chennai (Tamil Nadu) based Geographical Indication Registry under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

·           Kachchhi Kharek is registered under the goods type of ‘Agriculture’.

·           “KachchhiKharek” is the product of date palm harvested at Khalal (fresh stage), when the fruits are in their active colour (red, yellow, or its variants).

·           GI Tags: is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.

 

10.      EDUCATIONAL STUDY MATERIALS IN 22 LANGUAGES BY UTILIZING ‘ANUVADINI’ APP 

·           The Government of India (GoI) aims to make study materials available for all courses under school and higher education digitally in all 22 languages listed in the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution through Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based ‘Anuvadini’ mobile application.

·           Ministry of Education (MoE) has instructed the educational regulators and the heads of institutions of national importance to prepare such study materials within the next three years (by 2027). 

·           The initiative is in line with National Education Policy(NEP)-2020 for promoting multilingualism in education at every level.

·           Anuvadini is a Voice & Document AI Translation Tool ,supporting 22 regional Indian & foreign languages thereby reducing the language barriers.

·           These books are available on the electronic – Knowledge Unleashed in Multiple Bharatiya Languages (e-Kumbh) portal.

 

11.      PRADHAN MANTRI RASHTRIYA BAL PURASKAR 2024 TO 19 CHILDREN

·           The Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD) announced the recipients of the Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar (PMRBP) for the year 2024.  

·           The 2024 awardees include 9 boys and 10 girls, from 18 States and Union Territories (UTs) including 2 Aspirational Districts.

·           Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar (PMRBP):earlier known as the National Child Award is India’s highest honour for children, awarded annually by the MoWCD.

·           The award is annually presented to children aged 5-18 from India for their exceptional abilities and outstanding achievements in 7 fields – Bravery; Sports; Social Service; Science & Technology; Environment; Arts & Culture;  and Innovation.

·           Prize Value: PMRBP includes a Medal, a Certificate, a Citation, and a cash prize of Rs 1 Lakh.

 

12.      NEW DG OF SASHASTRA SEEMA BAL

·           The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has approved the appointment of  Indian Police Service (IPS) officer Daljit Singh Chaudhary as the Director General (DG) of Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB).

·           Rashmi Shukla was appointed as the Director General of Police(DGP) of Maharashtra. She beacame the first woman officer to hold the post.

·           Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB):is one of India’s Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) established as a Special Service Bureau in May 1963 in the aftermath of the Chinese aggression in 1962..

·           Headquarters– New Delhi, Delhi

 

13.      JAXA SUCCESSFULLY LANDED SLIM ON LUNAR SURFACE

·           Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the Japanese national air and space agency, successfully landed Smart Lander for Investigating Moon (SLIM) within 330 feet (100 meters) of its target site on the rim of Shioli Crater.

·           Japan became the 5th nation to soft land on lunar surface after the United States of America (USA), Russia, China, and India.

·           The SLIM probe nicknamed “Moon Sniper” was launched onboard the H-IIA Launch Vehicle No. 47 (H-IIA F47) from JAXA Tanegashima Space Center, Kagoshima, Japan.
SLIM successfully deployed 2 small unconventional rovers from the lander just before landing.

·           They are Lunar Excursion Vehicle-1 (LEV-1) and Lunar Excursion Vehicle-2 (LEV-2).

·           LEV-1 uses a hopping mechanism and carries a thermometer, radiation monitor, and an instrument for measuring the slope and elevation.

·           LEV-2 is a spherical, baseball-sized rover, which splits into 2 halves for surface exploration until its battery exhausts.

·           Japan:Prime Minister– Fumio Kishida

·           Currency– Japanese Yen (JPY)

 

14.      IRAN’S IRGC LAUNCHES SORAYYA SATELLITE BY QAEM 100 SATELLITE CARRIER

·           Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) has launched Sorayya satellite using a three-stage solid-fuel Qaem 100 satellite carrier, developed by IRGC Aerospace Force.

·           Sorayya is a research satellite with a mass of approximately 50 kilograms (110 pounds).

·           Iran: President – Ebrahim Raisi

·           Capital –  Tehran

·           Currency – Iranian Rial

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