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Showing posts with label Daily GK. Show all posts

Tuesday, February 13, 2024

DAILY GK 8-9-10 FEB

 DAILY GK 8-9-10 FEB

1.         INDIA CONTRIBUTION TO UN REGULAR BUDGET FOR 2024

·           India contributed USD 32.895 million (approximately Rs. 273 Crore) to the United Nations (UN) Regular Budget (RB) for 2024 and earned its spot in the “Honour Roll of the UN for 2024”. 

·           Honour Roll is a list of UN that have paid their mandatory financial support in full to the UN’s RB within 30 days of issuance of a payment note from the UN.

·           43 Member States have paid their regular budget assessments in full within the 30 day due period specified in Financial Regulation 3.5 (by 8 February 2024).

·           UN Secretary-General– António Guterres

·           Headquarters– New York, USA

·           Established in– 1945

 

2.         66TH ANNUAL GRAMMY AWARDS

·           The 66th Annual Grammy Awards (Grammy 2024) was held at the Crypto.com Arena in Los Angeles, California

·           Taylor Swift won the Grammy 2024 – Album of the Year for her album Midnights and became the first ever artist to win “Album of the Year” four times.  

·           She also won the award under “Best Pop Vocal Album” category

·           Victoria Monét won the Best New Artist at the 2024 Grammys

·           The band Shakti, led by Tabla maestro Ustad Zakir Hussain and featuring vocalist Shankar Mahadevan, percussionist V Selvaganesh, violinist Ganesh Rajagopalan and John McLaughlin, has won the Best Global Music Album award for their latest release ‘This Moment’.

 

3.         PRESIDENT OF EL SALVADOR

·           Nayib Armando Bukele Ortez(42-year-old), President of  El Salvador, won the general elections 2024 and was re-elected to the post for the 2nd consecutive term.

·           Nayib Bukele, the founder of Nuevas Ideas (New Ideas) political party, has been serving as the President of El Salvador since 2019.

 

4.         ZOHO, JUSPAY, AND DECENTRO RECEIVED RBI NOD FOR PAYMENT AGGREGATOR BUSINESS

·           Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has granted final approval to two fintech startups namely Juspay Technologies Private Limited(Juspay) and Decfin Tech Private Limited (Decfin) and a Software-as-a-Service(SaaS) provider Zoho Payment Technologies Private Limited (Zoho) to act as a Payment Aggregator (PA).

·           These entities will carry on the business of a PAs as defined in ‘Guidelines on Regulation of Payment Aggregators and Payment Gateways’ issued by RBI.

 

5.         WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHER OF THE YEAR

·           Nima Sarikhani of the United Kingdom(UK) won the 2023 Wildlife Photographer of the Year 59 People’s Choice Award by the Natural History Museum, London(UK).

·           Nima Sarikhani won this award for his photo of a polar bear sleeping peacefully on a small iceberg.

 

6.         PM OF KAZAKHSTAN

·           Kazakhstan’s president Kassym-Jomart Tokayev has appointed Olzhas Bektenov(43 years) of Amanat party as the new Prime Minister (PM) of Kazakhstan.

·           The appointment comes after the dismissal of Alikhan Smailov’s government which was in power since January 2022.

 

7.         ADB COUNTRY DIRECTOR FOR INDIA

·           The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has appointed Mio Oka as its new Country Director for India.

·           Mio Oka will take over from the incumbent Takeo Konishi who has been elevated as ADB Director General for South Asia.

·           ADB President  Masatsugu Asakawa

·           Headquarters – Mandaluyong City, Manila, Philippines

·           Established in – 1966

 

8.         UTTARAKHAND  1ST STATE TO PASS BILL ON UCC

·           Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly passed the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) Uttarakhand Bill, 2024 which aims to govern and regulate laws related to marriage, divorce, land, property and inheritance for all citizens, irrespective of their religion.

·           The bill was Introduced in the House by Uttarakhand Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami.

·           The UCC Bill is based on the draft submitted by a high-level committee formed by the Uttarakhand government under the chairmanship of retired Supreme Court judge Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai.

 

9.         WORLD GOVERNMENTS SUMMIT IN DUBAI

·           The 2024 World Governments Summit, scheduled to be held in Dubai  has designated India, Türkiye, and Qatar as guests of honor.

·           ThemedShaping Future Governments,’ the summit aims to facilitate discussions among over 25 government and state heads worldwide.

·           President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani to lead their respective delegations

 

10.      PATHUM NISSANKA SMASHES DOUBLE CENTURY

·           Pathum Nissanka etched his name in Sri Lankan cricket history, by becoming the first-ever player to score a double century in One Day Internationals (ODIs) for the nation.

·           His unbeaten knock of 210 runs against Afghanistan was a masterclass in batting, shattering records and propelling Sri Lanka to a massive victory.

·           Nissanka’s 210 is the highest individual score by a Sri Lankan batsman in ODIs, surpassing Sanath Jayasuriya’s 189 from 2000.

 

11.      LOGISTICS PERFORMANCE INDEX REPORT 2023

·           According to the World Bank's 'Logistics Performance Index Report (2023): Connecting to Compete 2023', India ranks 38 out of 139 countries.

·           India’s rank has improved by six places from 44 in 2018 and sixteen places from 54 in 2014.

 

12.      TATA GROUP BECOMES FIRST INDIAN CONGLOMERATE TO CROSS RS 30 LAKH CR MARKET CAP

·           Tata Group achieved a historic milestone as its combined market capitalization surpassed Rs 30 lakh crore on February 6, making it the first Indian business house to reach this valuation. 

·           The overall valuation of Tata Group now stands at Rs 30.6 lakh crore, making it the most valued conglomerate in the country, surpassing Reliance Group and Adani Group in market cap rankings.

 

13.      SAFF U-19 WOMEN'S CHAMPIONSHIP

·           India has won the South Asian Football Federation's (SAFF) U-19 Women's Championship beating defending champion Bangladesh in the final of the fournation tournament in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

·           The winner of the match was decided by a toss after a lengthy penalty shootout.

·           All eleven players from each side converted their penalties in the shootout after the contest ended 1-1 at full time.

 

14.      BHARAT RATNA TO NARASIMHA RAO, CHARAN SINGH AND MS SWAMINATHAN

·           Former prime ministers P.V. Narasimha Rao and Charan Singh, along with scientist M.S. Swaminathan will be awarded the Bharat Ratna

·           The late PV Narasimha Rao served as the ninth Prime Minister of India from 1991-1996.

·           He is widely credited as the architect of India’s economic liberalization in the 1990s.

·           Former Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh is being honored with the Bharat Ratna award posthumously for his unwavering commitment and invaluable contributions to the welfare of farmers in India.

·           Singh served as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh twice

·           His birth anniversary is celebrated as Kisan Diwas or National Farmers Day.

·           Renowned agricultural scientist M.S. Swaminathan has been honored with India’s highest civilian award for his instrumental role in pioneering the Green Revolution in India.

 

15.      PRADHAN MANTRI MATSYA KISAN SAMRIDHI SAH-YOJANA (PM-MKSSY)

·           The Union Cabinet approved the “Pradhan Mantri Matsya Kisan Samridhi Sah-Yojana (PM-MKSSY)”, a Central Sector Sub-scheme under the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada aimed at formalizing the fisheries sector and supporting fisheries micro and small enterprises.

·           The scheme will be implemented from FY 2023-24 to FY 2026-27 in all States/Union Territories with an estimated outlay of Rs. 6,000 crore.

·           50% of the investment will be public finance and 50% is expected from the private sector.

 

16.      WORLD PULSES DAY-10 FEB

·           World Pulses Day is observed every year on 10th February. The day originated from the UN’s International Year of Pulses (IYP) in 2016. 

·           World Pulses Day 2024 theme is “Pulses: nourishing soils and people”.

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DAILY GK 6-7 FEB

 DAILY GK 6-7 FEB 

1.         IIRF’S TOP MBA COLLEGES IN INDIA 2024

·           According to the Indian Institutional Ranking Framework(IIRF)’s Top Master of Business Administration (MBA) Colleges in India – 2024, the Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad (Gujarat), has topped among the Top Government MBA colleges in India. 

·           In the 2024 MBA Colleges ranking, Xavier Labour Relations Institute (XLRI), Jamshedpur (Jharkhand), has topped among the Top Private MBA colleges in India.

·           IIM Ahmedabad has emerged as the top-ranked college (Overall among Government & Private) in India, based on an overall index score of 937.24.

 

2.         BRAND GUARDIANSHIP INDEX 2024

·           Mukesh Ambani, Chairman, and Managing Director (CMD) of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), has been ranked 1st among all Indians and 2nd globally in the Brand Guardianship Index (BGI2024 compiled by Brand Finance, the world’s leading brand valuation firm.

·           Huateng MaChairman, and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Chinese internet giant Tencent Holdings recognised as the world’s leading CEO in the 2024 BGI, for his guardianship of the WeChat brand 

·           NVIDIA CEO Jensen Huang ranked 3rd globally followed by Apple Inc‘s Tim Cook (4th), and TATA Sons‘ Natarajan Chandrasekaran (5th).

 

3.         INTERIM PRESIDENT OF NAMIBIA 

·           Nangolo Mbumba, former Vice President of the Republic of Namibia, took oath as the interim President of Namibia after the death of incumbent President Hage Geingob 

·           Republic of Namibia:Capital- Windhoek

·           Currency – Namibian Dollar

 

4.         INDIAN NAVY COMMISSIONED SURVEY VESSEL INS SANDHAYAK 

·           Indian Navy (IN) commissioned the Indian Naval Ship (INS) Sandhayak (Yard 3025), the first of four Survey Vessel Large (SVL) ships, at the Naval Dockyard, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh

·           SVL ships are 110 meters long, and 16 meters wide with a displacement of 3,400 tons.

 

5.         WORLD CANCER DAY 2024- FEBRUARY 4

·           World Cancer Day (WCD) is annually observed across the globe on 4 February to raise awareness of fundamental cancer issues and to encourage its prevention, detection, and treatment.
The campaign theme of WCD 2022-2024 is, ‘Close the Care Gap’. 2024 marks the 3rd and final year of the campaign.

·           The campaign theme of WCD 2024 is, “Close the Care Gap: Together, we challenge those in power.”

·           Cancer Ribbon: A lavender ribbon is usually a sign of support for those living with all types of cancer.

·           The official colours of World Cancer Day are blue and orange.

 

6.         NEW  CHIEF JUSTICES TO SEVEN HIGH COURTS 

·           The Ministry of Law and Justice (MoL&J) notified the appointment of Chief Justice (CJ) to seven High Courts (HC):
Meghalaya- Justice S. Vaidyanathan, Allahabad- Justice Arun Bhansali, Gawahati- Justice Vijay Bishno

·           Orissa- Justice Chakradhari Sharan Singh, Uttarakhand- Justice Ritu Bahri, Rajasthan- Justice Manindra Mohan Shrivastava

·           Punjab & Haryana- Justice Ritu Bahri

 

7.         REC WON BEST GREEN BOND  CORPORATE AWARD

·           Gurugram (Haryana) based REC Limited (formerly Rural Electrification Corporation Limited) was awarded with the Best Green Bond – Corporate Award at The Asset Triple A Awards for Sustainable Finance 2024.

·           REC was honoured for the issuance of Green Bonds worth USD 750 million in April 2023.

·           This was the first USD Green Bond issuance from India after India assumed the G20 (Group of 20) Presidency and the largest-ever Senior Green Bond Tranche by a South or South-East Asian issuer

·           REC Limited is a Maharatna Central Public Sector Enterprise (CPSE) under the Ministry of Power (MoP). 

 

8.         LK ADVANI TO BE HONOURED WITH BHARAT RATNA

·           Former Deputy Prime Minister and Veteran Leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Lal Krishna (LKAdvani will be conferred with Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India.

·           He will be the 50th recipient of the Bharat Ratna award since its inception in 1954.

·           This is the 7th Bharat Ratna awarded by the current ruling government (Prime Minister Narendra Modi regime), since assuming power in 2014.

·           The list also includes: Madan Mohan Malviya (Posthumous, 2015);Atal Bihari Vajpayee (2015)

·           Pranab Mukherjee (2019);Dr. Bhupendra Kumar Hazarika (Posthumous, 2019),Nanaji Deshmukh (Posthumous, 2019)

·           Karpoori Thakur (Posthumous, 2024).

·           Bharat Ratna was instituted in 1954 and is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour.

·           The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister himself to the President.

·           The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of 3 in a particular year.

·           The award includes a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion.

·           The Award does not carry any monetary grant.

 

9.         UNESCO  GOODWILL AMBASSADOR FOR EDUCATION

·           United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), appointed Brazilian footballer Vinicius José Paixão de Oliveira Junior (Vinícius Junior) as the Goodwill Ambassador for Education for All.

·           Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of UNESCO presented the letter of appointment to Vinícius Junior during a ceremony at the Real Madrid training center in Spain.

·           Vinícius Junior becomes the 2nd Brazilian football player, after Pelé, to be appointed as the UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador.

·           Vinícius Junior has been a committed advocate for equal opportunity through education in Brazil.

·           UNESCO Headquarters– Paris, France

·           Establishment– 1945 (came into force in 1946)

 

10.      NEW PRIME MINISTER OF YEMEN

·           The Presidential Leadership Council (PLC) of Yemen appointed Dr. Ahmed Awad bin Mubarak as Yemen‘s new Prime Minister (PM) replacing Dr. Maeen Abdulmalik Saeed who served as PM of Yemen from October 2018 to February 2024.

·           Yemen: President– Rashad Mohammed Al-Alimi

·           Capital– Sana’a

·           Currency– Yemeni Rial

 

11.      HIGH-SPEED EXPENDABLE AERIAL TARGET ‘ABHYAS’ TESTED

·           The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully conducted four flight trials of the High-Speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEATABHYAS at the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Chandipur, Odisha.

·           ABHYAS, designed by DRDO’s Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), provides a realistic threat scenario for weapon system practice.

 

12.      TORCHBEARER FOR PARIS 2024 OLYMPICS

·           Former Indian shooter and India’s first individual Olympic gold medal winner (Beijing Olympics – 2008), Abhinav Bindra has been selected as a torchbearer to take part in the Paris 2024 Olympic Torch Relay.

·           A total of 11,000 torchbearers have been selected throughout France, with 10,000 participating in the Olympic Torch Relay and 1,000 in the Paralympic Torch Relay.

·           Paris 2024 Olympic torch flame will be lit on 16th April 2024 at the Olympia sanctuary in Greece.

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