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Showing posts with label Daily GK. Show all posts

Saturday, May 8, 2021

DAILY GK: 8 MAY 2021

DAILY GK: 8 MAY 2021 

1.GLOBAL METHANE ASSESSMENT 2021

•        The ‘2021 Global Methane Assessment: Benefits and Costs of Mitigating Methane Emissions’ report released by Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) & United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) state that human-caused methane emissions can be reduced by 45% in this decade (2020-30), these reductions would avoid 0.3°C of Global Warming by 2045.

•        It will also help countries to keep close with the Paris Climate Agreement’s goal of limiting global temperature rise to 1.5°C.

•        Methane is a powerful greenhouse gas and is responsible for around 30% of global warming since the pre-industrial era.

 

2.KVG BANK BAGS TOP 5 PFRDA AWARDS

•        Karnataka Vikas Grameen Bank (KVGB), has bagged top 5 awards from the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) due to the various campaigns held under KVGB for enrollment of Atal Pension Yojana (APY).

•        The 5 awards include – Lead to Leap, APY Makers of Excellence, Game Changers, Leadership Capital and Amazing Achievers

 

3.MK STALIN BECOMES TAMIL NADU CM

•        M K Stalin who belongs to the party of DravidaMunnetraKazhagam took oath as the 23rd Chief Minister (CM)  of Tamil Nadu (TN).

•        This is  M K Stalin’s 1st Term as  CM of TN.

•        He was administered the oath of Office & Secrecy by TN Governor BanwarilalPurohit at Raj Bhavan, Chennai.

 

4.WORLD’S FIRST 2 NANOMETER CHIP TECHNOLOGY UNVEILED

•        International Business Machines(IBM) unveils the world’s first 2 nanometer chip technology that promises to speed up access to the Internet, longer battery life and faster processing time in applications.

•        It is projected to achieve 45 percent higher performance, or 75 percent lower energy use, than today’s most advanced 7 nm node chip

 

5.      CONGRESS LEADER MATANGSINH PASSES AWAY

•        Former union minister and Congress leader, MatangSinh passed away in New Delhi  following COVID-19 related complications.

•        He was elected to Rajya Sabha from Assam in 1992 and served as union minister of state in parliamentary affairs from 1994 to 1998.

•        He was well known in Assam as a TV tycoon.

•        He launched the first satellite news channel of Assam and the Northeast  region, “Northeast Television” (popularly known as NETV) in 2003.

 

6. WORLD ATHLETICS DAY 2021

•        The day is annually observed by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), formerly (1912–2001) International Amateur Athletic Federation.

•        The IAAF marks the WAD 2021 on 7th May 2021. 

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Friday, May 7, 2021

DAILY GK: 7 MAY 2021

DAILY GK: 7 MAY 2021

 1.NOTIFICATION OF SECTION 142 OF SOCIAL SECURITY CODE, 2020

•     Ministry of Labour & Employment has notified Section 142 of the Social Security Code, 2020 which covers the applicability of Aadhar.

•     It will enable the Labour Ministry to collect Aadhar data of workers in the Unorganized Sector.

•     The Aadhar details will be uploaded in the National Database for Unorganised Workers (NDUW) which is being developed by National Informatics Centre (NIC).

 

2.CABINET APPROVED STRATEGIC DISINVESTMENT IN IDBI BANK

•     The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi gave approval for strategic disinvestment and transfer of management control in Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI Bank).

•     More than 94 percent of the equity of IDBI Bank was owned by the Government of India (GoI) and Life Insurance Corporation(LIC) of which GoI holds 45.48 percent and LIC holds 49.24 percent.

 

3.ALLOCATION OF ADDITIONAL FOODGRAIN UNDER PM-GKAY

The cabinet has accorded approval to the allocation of additional foodgrain under Phase-III of PM-GKAY for another period of 2 months – May to June 2021.

•     Each beneficiary will get 5 Kg of rice per month for free of cost.

•     It is set to benefit around 79.88 Crore people covered under NFSA (National Food Security Act)

•     The Allocations are aimed at alleviating the hardships faced by the poor due to economic disruption caused by Covid-19.

 

4.G20 TOURISM MINISTERS’ MEETING

•     Union Minister of State for Tourism & Culture (I/c) Shri Prahlad Singh Patel virtually participated in 2021 G20 Tourism Ministers’ Meeting held in Italy.

•     Mr Massimo Garavaglia, Minister of Tourism,Government of Italy Chaired the meeting.

•     India in Tourism development

•     India will support the Principles for the transition to a green travel and tourism economy submitted by United Nation World Tourism Organization (UNWTO).

•     Note – Indonesia will hold G20 Presidency in the year 2022.

 

5.IRDAI INTRODUCED STANDARD TRAVEL INSURANCE

•     Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI), has issued guidelines on Bharat Yatra Suraksha, the Standard Domestic Travel Insurance Product (SDTIP) of india.

•     The standard product consists of five different plans under the standard travel insurance product and the coverage is both benefit and indemnity-based.

 

6.THE JEAN HERSHOLT HUMANITARIAN AWARD

•     American Actor Tyler Perry received the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award, an Oscar statue, at the 93rd Academy Awards(Oscar 2021) Ceremony.

•     He was honoured for his contribution towards the recovery of the entertainment industry amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

•     The  JeanHersholt Humanitarian Award is presented to an individual in the motion picture industry whose humanitarian efforts have brought credit to the industry.

 

7.PARKER SOLAR PROBE DETECTED RADIO SIGNAL FROM VENUS

•     The NASA Spacecraft Parker Solar Probe has discovered a natural radio signal from Venus.

•     These signals were detected when the space probe flew over the upper atmosphere of Venus.

•     According to the findings of Parker Solar Probe, just like the earth, planet Venus also has an electrically charged layer of gas in its upper atmosphere called the ionosphere.

 

8.INDIA’S 1ST VACCINE FOR VNN DISEASES IN FISH

•     Chennai-based Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture (CIBA) has developed India’s first vaccine for the viral nervous necrosis (VNN) disease, caused by the nervous necrosis virus (NNV), which affects various species of fish.

 

9.FORMER UNION MINISTER CHAUDHARY AJIT SINGH PASSES AWAY

•     Former Union Minister and the Chief of RashtriyaLok Dal (RLD), Chaudhary Ajit Singh passed away in Gurgaon, Haryana.

•     He passed away due to COVID-19 complications.

•     Ajit Singh, the son of former Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh was one of the first IITians in Indian Politics.

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Thursday, May 6, 2021

DAILY GK: 5,6 MAY 2021

 DAILY GK: 5,6 MAY 2021

1.JSW ENERGY SIGNS PPA WITH SECI

        JSW Renew Energy, the renewable energy wing of JSW Energy has signed a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) for supplying  540 MegaWatt (MW) out of the total awarded capacity of 810 MW of blended wind power capacity.

        It is the single largest PPA for wind/blended wind power capacity awarded to a company.

 

2.UNCTAD REPORT ON ONLINE SALES

        According to Estimates released by UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development), the Online Sales accounted for 19% (from 16% in 2019)  of Overall Retail Sales in 2020.

        The increase in online sales has been due to the pandemic.

        Countries which reported the highest online share of retail trade in 2020 are

South Korea – 25.9%,  China – 24.9%, Britain 23.3% and the United States – 14.0%.

 

3.SAUDI ARABIA JOINS ‘NET ZERO PRODUCERS FORUM’

        The five countries which are responsible for 40% of oil and gas production – Saudi Arabia (the world’s biggest crude exporter), Qatar, the United States, Canada and Norway have launched a cooperative forum on climate called “Net Zero Producers Forum”.

        By 2030, Soudi Arabia aims to reduce its carbon emissions by generating 50% of the country’s energy from renewables and United Sates plans to achieve net-zero emission by 2050.

 

4.RBI IMPOSED MONETARY PENALTY OF RS 3 CRORE ON ICICI BANK

        The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) imposed a Rs 3 crore monetary penalty on ICICI Bank for contravention of certain directions issued by the RBI on ‘Prudential Norms for Classification, Valuation and Operation of Investment Portfolio by Banks in July 2015.

        Under the provisions of section 47 A (1) (c) read with section 46 (4) (i) of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (the Act), RBI was vested with the power to impose penalty.

 

5.IOC’S ‘BELIEVE IN SPORTS’ CAMPAIGN

        Badminton World Federation(BWF) World Champion and Olympic medal winner PusarlaVenkata Sindhu(PV Sindhu) and Michelle Li, a Canadian badminton player have been named the athlete ambassador for International Olympic Committee(IOC)’s “Believe in Sports” Campaign.

        Both the badminton players(shuttlers) will work towards creating awareness about competition manipulation among the athletes.

 

6.2021 WORLD SNOOKER CHAMPIONSHIP

        Mark Selby, an English professional Snooker Player won the 2021 World Snooker Championship by defeating Shaun Murphy(English professional snooker player).This is his 4th World Championship. The Championship held in Crucible Theatre, Sheffield, England.

        The Championship was organized by the World Snooker Tour, a subsidiary of the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association (WPBSA).

 

7.WORLD ASTHMA DAY 2021

        World Asthma Day is observed every year on the first Tuesday of May.

        This year it falls on May 4.

        The day is organized by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) in collaboration with health care groups and asthma educators, to spread awareness and care around the world.

        Theme for the year 2021: “Uncovering Asthma Misconceptions”.

 

8.INDIA-UK VIRTUAL SUMMIT

        The India-UK Virtual Summit 2021 between Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi & Prime Minister of United Kingdom Boris Johnson took place on 4th May 2021.

        During the summit, the two leaders adopted ‘Roadmap 2030’ which aims to elevate bilateral ties to ‘Comprehensive Strategic Partnership’.The UK finalised new  deals/trade worth 1 Billion British Pound Sterling (GBP) to create 6,500 jobs in the UK.

        Serum Institute of India (SII) is set to invest 240 Million Pounds in the UK to expand its business & set up a new sales office.

        It is expected to generate a large number of jobs.

 

9.581 SITES IDENTIFIED FOR MEDICAL OXYGEN PLANT INSTALLATION

        Due to the shortage of medical oxygen in many state hospitals, Union Minister of Road, Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari announced the installation of Pressure Swing Adsorption(PSA) medical oxygen plants in various states.

        The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), will act as the nodal agency for executing civil and electrical work of the medical oxygen plants.

 

10.FIRST ELECTRIC TRACTOR IN INDIA TESTED

        Recently, the first-ever electric tractor in India has been tested at the Central Farm Machinery Training and Testing Institute.

        This new electric tractor will be more environmentally friendly than other types of tractors.

        The Central Farm Machinery Training and Testing Institute at Budni is a premier institute under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.

        It is located in the state of Madhya Pradesh.

 

11.OECD DATA ON FDI

        According to a new set of data released by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development  (OECD), the global FDI (Foreign Direct Investments)  dropped by 38% in 2020 (compared to 2019) to USD 846 Billion, which is a 15-year low (lowest  since 2005).

        India became the 3rd Largest Recipient of FDI inflows in 2020 with an inflow of USD 64 Billion.

        China became the largest Recipient of FDI (USD 212 Billion) overtaking the United States (USD 177 Billion) for the 2nd time in six years, while Luxembourg finished 4th.

 

12.RBI’S COMPREHENSIVE CREDIT SUPPORT MEASURES AGAINST COVID-19

        Reserve Bank of India(RBI) announced a series of measures and Comprehensive strategies to support all stakeholders from the second wave of COVID-19 led economic difficulties.

Measures undertaken by RBI against the pandemic:

i.Term Liquidity Facility of ₹50,000 crores to Ease Access to Emergency Health Services

RBI announced an on-tap liquidity window of Rs 50,000 crore with 3 years of maturity and at repo rate till March 31, 2022(End of FY22) under the priority sector classification lending and allowed banks to lend under this scheme.

ii.Classification of SFB loan to MFIs for on-lending as PSL

RBI permitted the Small Finance Banks’ (SFBs) lending to Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) for on-lending to individuals under the classification of priority sector lending (PSL) for which the MFIs need to have Rs 500 crore asset size (Currently, the SFB’s PSL is not permitted for MFIs for on-lending). (Availability – till March 31, 2022)

iii.Special Long-Term Repo Operations (SLTRO) for SFBs

To support small business, Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME), and unorganised sectors RBI introduced special three-year long-term repo operations (SLTRO) of Rs 10,000 crore at a repo rate for the SFBs. (SFBs could lend of up to Rs 10 lakh per borrower till October 31, 2021)

iv.RBI allowed the utilisation of 100% floating provisions for non-performing assets

Banks are allowed by RBI to utilise 100 percent floating provisions/counter-cyclical provisioning buffer held by them as of December 31, 2020, for making specific provisions for non-performing assets.

v.RBI Increased State Governments’ OD Facility Tenor to 50 days

To support State Governments to manage their fiscal situation, RBI has increased the maximum number of days of the OverDraft (OD) facility in a quarter from 36 to 50 days and the number of consecutive days of OD from 14 to 21 days.

 

13.LIC BECAME 3RD STRONGEST INSURANCE BRAND GLOBALLY

        Brand Finance, a London-based brand valuation consultancy firm in its annual report on the most valuable and strongest insurance brands – “Insurance 100 2021”, reported the Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) as the 3rd strongest and the 10th most valuable insurance brand globally.

        LIC’s brand value increased by almost 7 percent to $8.65 billion from 2020 to 2021.

Top Valuable Insurance Brands in the world:

Position                                                 Insurer                                                  Country

1                                                              Ping An Insurance                               China

2                                                              China Life Insurance                          China

3                                                              Allianz                                                   Germany

Top Strongest Insurance Brands in the world:

Position                                                 Insurer                                                  Country

1                                                              Poste Italiane                                       Italy

2                                                              Mapfre                                                  Spain

3                                                              Life Insurance Corporation               India

 

14.DADASAHEBPHALKE INTERNATIONAL FILM FESTIVAL 2021

        “Jungle Cry” directed by SagarBallary won the Best Film (Jury) award at the 11th DadasahebPhalke International Film Festival 2021.

        The DadasahebPhalke International Film Festival Awards is annually presented to appreciate the talents and skills of the film industry.

 

15.FACEBOOK LAUNCHED IN APP VACCINE FINDER TOOL IN INDIA

        Facebook partnered with the Government of India to launch the Vaccine Finder Tool on the mobile application – Facebook – in India.

        The app available in 17 languages, will enable the public to locate the nearby place to get vaccinated.

        Facebook has also announced a 10 million USD grant to India for its emergency response against the COVID-19 situation.

 

16.URANIUM-214 WAS CREATED

        Scientists have created the new uranium isotope called Uranium-214 at the Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou, China and this is the lightest ever known.

        This discovery helps to reveal more about an alpha particle that gets ejected from certain radioactive elements as they decay.

 

17.DR PHILIPOSE MAR CHRYSOSTOM PASSES AWAY

        Dr Philipose Mar Chrysostom , a well-known religious leader and India’s longest serving Bishop passed away at the age of 103 in Pathanamthitta, Kerala.

        He was born on 27th April 1918 in Travancore, British India.

 

18.BOOK - “THE BENCH”

        MeghanMarkle, The Duchess of Sussex, is set to release her debut book, titled “The Bench”.

        It is a children book that narrates the bond between a father and son through the mothers perspective.

        The book was inspired by the relationship between fathers and sons.

 

19.WORLD HAND HYGIENE DAY 2021

        World Hand Hygiene Day is annually observed across the globe on 5th May to create awareness about the importance of hand hygiene towards health care.

        The World Hand Hygiene Day is annually organised by the World Health Organisation(WHO).

        The 2021 theme of the campaign is “Achieving hand hygiene at the point of care”.

        The 2021 slogan of the campaign is “Seconds save lives – clean your hands!”

 

20.DAVID BECKHAM LEADS GLOBAL VACCINATION DRIVE

        Former England Footballer, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Goodwill Ambassador and founder of the 7 Fund for UNICEF, David Beckham released a video ahead of World Immunization Week 2021 (April 24th-30th) for creating awareness among the parents around the world to vaccinate their children against deadly diseases.

 

21.NATION’S FIRST ‘DRIVE IN VACCINATION CENTER’ UNVEILED IN MUMBAI

        The Nation’s first ‘Drive in Vaccination Center’ was inaugurated by MP Rahul Shewale in Mumbai.

        This first of its kind ‘Drive in Vaccination Center’ facility has been made available to the citizens at a time when people with disabilities are facing difficulties in getting to the vaccination center.

 

22.DELHI CM DECLARED FREE RATIONS FOR TAXI DRIVERS

        The Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal announced that all ration card holders in the National Capital will be given free ration for the next 2 months.

        This scheme by the government will benefit nearly 72 lakh ration card holders in Delhi.

        Kejriwal also announced that all autorickshaw drivers and taxi drivers in the National Capital Territory of Delhi will be given 5000 rupees each to provide them the much needed financial assistance during the time of the pandemic.

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Tuesday, May 4, 2021

DAILY GK: 4 MAY 2021

 DAILY GK: 4 MAY 2021

1.INDIA’S 1ST 3D PRINTED HOUSE AT IIT-M

        Union Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman virtually inaugurated India’s 1st 3D printed house at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT-M), Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

        The single-storey home has been built in just five days over an area of about 600 sq. ft using ‘Concrete 3D Printing”.

        TVASTA Manufacturing Solutions, a start-up founded by IIT-M alumni in association with Habitat for Humanity’s Terwilliger Centre for Innovation in Shelter built the 3D Printed House.

 

2.MILITARY EXERCISE ‘DEFENDER-EUROPE 21’

        The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) launched the Joint Multinational Military Exercise  ‘DEFENDER-Europe 21’ in the port of Durres in Albania.

        ‘DEFENDER-Europe 21’ is led by the United States (US).

        It is the 1st such large-scale drills since World War-II in the Western Balkans region.

 

3.APPOINTMENT OF 4TH DEPUTY GOVERNOR OF RBI

        The Appointment Committee of the Cabinet(ACC) chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has appointed T Rabi Sankar, the Executive Director of RBI as the 4th Deputy Governor of RBI.

        ACC has cleared his appointment for a period of 3 years or till his date of superannuation.

        He succeeds B P Kanungo, who retired on 2nd April 2021 after serving one year extension period.

 

4.P C PANT APPOINTED ACTING CHAIRPERSON OF NHRC

        Justice (retired) Prafulla Chandra Pant, a Former Supreme Court Judge had been appointed as Acting Chairperson of  National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)   with effect from April 25.

        Justice H.L. Dattu, a former Chief Justice of India, who was serving as Chairperson of NHRC completed his tenure on December 2, 2020.

 

5.STRATOLAUNCH COMPLETES TEST FLIGHT

        The World’s Largest Aeroplane codenamed ‘Roc’  successfully completed its 2nd Test Flight.

        The Aeroplane being built by Stratolaunch, an US based Aerospace Company was tested at Mojave Air and Space Port in California, US.

        The Aeroplane has 2 flights under its belt and has a wingspan of 385 feet (117 feet).

 

6.PORTUGESE GP 2021

        Mercedes’ driver Lewis Hamilton (Britain) won the Portuguese Grand Prix 2021 of Formula One (F1) held at Algarve International Circuit in Portimao, Portugal. 

        It is Hamilton’s 97th Career Victory.

 

7.PRANATINAYAK QUALIFIED FOR TOKYO OLYMPICS

        PranatiNayak, Indian Gymnast from West Bengal, is set to compete at the Tokyo Olympics.

        She has won the bronze in vault at the Asian Artistic Gymnastics Championship 2019.

        She has qualified through the Asian quota.

 

8.ICC BANNED NUWANZOYSA

        International Cricket Council (ICC) banned SriLanka’s former cricket player and coach NuwanZoysa for 6 years from all forms of cricket after found breaching the ICCs anti-corruption code.

 

9.WORLD PRESS FREEDOM DAY 2021

        The United Nations(UN)’s World Press Freedom Day is annually observed across the globe on 3rd May.

        The theme of World Press Freedom Day 2021 is “Information as a Public Good”.

        MariaRessa, Investigative journalist and media executive from the Philippines has been named the winner of the UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize 2021.

 

10.WORLD TUNA DAY 2021

        The United Nations(UN)’s World Tuna Day is annually observed across the globe on 2nd May to create awareness about the importance of Tuna and to promote sustainable fishing practices.

 

11.WORLD LAUGHTER DAY

        World Laughter Day is celebrated every year on the first Sunday of May  and this year it falls on 2nd May.

        The day is celebrated to raise awareness about laughter and its many healing benefits.

 

12.GOVT SET TARGET OF ROAD CONSTRUCTION OF WORTH RS 15 LAKH CR

        Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari said the government has set a target of road construction of worth 15 lakh crore rupees in next two years.

        Addressing the Indo-U.S. Partnership Vision Summit through video conferencing, Mr Gadkari exuded confidence that the Ministry will achieve a target of 40 kilometres per day of highway construction in the current fiscal.

        He said that the Government is permitting 100 percent FDI in the road sector.

 

13.LDF ATTAINS 2ND CONSECUTIVE TERM IN KERALA

        In Kerala, Left Democratic Front (LDA) has retained power for the second consecutive term.

        PinarayiVijayan government has become the first government to get the second successive term in four decades.

 

14.BJP-LED NDA GETS POWER IN ASSAM FOR 2ND CONSECUTIVE TERM

        In Assam, BJP-led NDA has retained power for the second consecutive term.

        The NDA has secured 75 seats in the 126-member assembly.

        While BJP won 60 seats, its allies AsomGanaParishad bagged 9 seats and UPPL 6 seats.

 

15.TMC COMEBACK TO POWER IN WEST BENGAL

        In West Bengal, ruling Trinamool Congress has retained power for the third term in a row but Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee lost her own Nandigram seat.

        Trinamool Congress has won 209 seats and leading at 4 seats.

        BJP has won 76 seats and is leading at one seat.

        BJP’s SuvenduAdhikari defeated Mamata Banerjee by a margin of 1,956 votes in the key Nandigram constituency.

 

16.TAMIL NADU ELECTION RESULTS 2021

        After a decade in opposition, the DMK won a convincing victory over arch-rival AIADMK in Tamil Nadu and the ruling party managed to emerge as a formidable opposition, overcoming the burden of ten year anti-incumbency to an extent.

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