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Monday, October 17, 2016

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS: 15TH OCT 2016

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS: 15TH OCT 2016
(Daily News India)
Shared By: WWW.DailyGk.IN

1. INDIA AND RUSSIA INK AGREEMENT TO SET UP 25 AGRO IRRADIATION CENTRES
i. India and Russia have signed an agreement for cooperation in the development of a network of 25 integrated infrastructure Agro irradiation centres.
ii. It is for the first time paves the way for establishment of network of integrated infrastructure irradiation centres in India to reduce agricultural losses.
iii. These irradiation centres will help in treatment of perishable food items to improve shelf life and cut post-harvest losses.
iv. In India post-harvest losses in food and food grains are around 40-50% due to microbiological contamination, insect infestation, physiological changes due to sprouting and ripening, and poor shelf life.
v. The wastage of fruits and vegetables including cereals, meat, pulses and flowers results in the annual loss estimated to be Rs. 2, 50,000 crores.
vi. Food irradiation is a technology in which food products are subjected to a low dosage of radiation to treat them for germs and insects, increasing their longevity and shelf life.

2. INDIA TO ELIMINATE USE OF HFC-23 BY 2030
i. India has decided to eliminate use of HFC-23, a greenhouse gas that harms the ozone layer by 2030.
ii. India is taking the lead on tackling climate change.
iii. It was announced during the 28th Meeting of the Parties toof parties to the Montreal Protocol at Kigali in Rwanda.
iv. HFC-23 is a by-product of Hydrochloroflurocarbon-22, which is used in industrial refrigeration.
v. It is a potent greenhouse gas with global warming potential of 14,800 times more than that of CO2.
vi. Montreal Protocol is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer.

3. INDIA RANKED 97TH IN 2016 GLOBAL HUNGER INDEX
i. India has been ranked low 97th among the 118 countries surveyed in 2016 Global Hunger Index.
ii. It describes India’s hunger situation as “serious.
iii. The GHI is a multidimensional statistical tool used to describe the state of countries’ hunger situation.
iv. It highlights successes and failures in hunger reduction and provides insights into the drivers of hunger. Thus, GHI aims to trigger actions to reduce hunger.
v. It is calculated by taking into account four indicator parameters such as:
a.    Undernourished population
b.   Child wasting
c.    Child stunting
d.   Infant mortality rate

4. INDIA RECEIVES FIRST IRANIAN OIL PARCEL FOR EMERGENCY RESERVES
i. India has received the first parcel of crude oil from Iran to partly fill the strategic storage in southern India as part of the Strategic Petroleum Reserves storage.
ii. The first parcel of 2 million barrels of Iranian oil was imported with the help of very large crude carrier.
iii. India is planning to fill half of the storage with 6 million barrels of Iranian oil while continuing talks with United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia for the remainder.
iv. It is necessary for India to have SPRs which will act as a valuable buffer against short term oil supply disruptions and global price shocks.


5. INTERNATIONAL DAY OF RURAL WOMEN 2016 OBSERVED ACROSS THE WORLD
i. The International Day of Rural Women was observed across the world on 15 October 2016.
ii. The theme for the day for the year 2016 is Climate is changing, Food and agriculture must too.
iii. The day imphasses on the critical role and contribution of rural women in enhancing agricultural and rural development, improving food security and eradicating rural poverty.

6. WORLD STANDARDS DAY OBSERVED ON 14 OCTOBER
i. World Standards Day is observed annually on 14 October.
ii. The theme for World Standards Day 2016 is “Standards Build Trust".

 CURRENT AFFAIRS GK QUIZ BASED ON TODAY’S NEWS

1. MONTREAL PROTOCOL IS ASSOCIATED WITH WHICH OF THE FOLLOWINGS?
a. To protect from pollution
b. To protect the ozone layer
c. To awareness about female foeticide
d. Awareness against terrorism
2. WHEN WORLD STANDARD DAY IS OBSERVED?
a. 14th October
b. 15th October
c. 16th October
d. 17th October
3. WHAT IS THE CURRENCY OF IRAN?
a. Euro
b. Rupiah
c. Dinar
d. Rial
4. WHICH ORGANIZATION COMPILES THE ‘GLOBAL HUNGER INDEX’?
a. UNESCO
b. UNICEF
c. IFPRI
d. None of these
5. WHERE ARE THE HEADQUARTERS OF INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE LOCATED?
a. Washington
b. Sydney
c. Paris
d. London
6. ACCORDING TO INDO-RUSSIA PACT, HOW MANY AGRO IRRADIATIONS CENTERS ARE GOING TO OPEN IN INDIA?
a. 20
b. 26
c. 29
d. 25

ANSWERS:
1. B        2. A     3. D     4. C     5. A     6. D



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