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Monday, August 10, 2020

DAILY GK 9-10 AUG 2020

 DAILY GK  9-10 AUG 2020

1. GANDHIAN YOUNG TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION AWARDS 2020

·        Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Awards 2020 is bestowed to a group of researchers from Indian Institutes of Technology(IIT) Kharagpur for developing a mechanism for generating electricity from wet clothes left under sunlight to dry. The work has been published in Nano Letters, a high-impact journal in the field, and the innovation has been patented by them.

·        1The same award was presented separately to another team of the IIT Kharagpur for addressing the problem of energy conservation and thermal management in wearable and flexible electronic devices.

 

2. ‘AIR SUVIDHA’ PORTAL

·        Delhi International Airport Limited (DIAL) a GMR Group-led consortium, has developed AIR SUVIDHA, a first-of-its-kind portal allowing international arriving passengers to fill a mandatory self-declaration form and eligible passengers to apply for exemption from compulsory institutional quarantine for coronavirus.

·        It will make passengers’ journey more convenient and comfortable in a contactless way as they won’t have to fill the physical copies of the forms on arrival.

 

3. IIT GUWAHATI DEVELOPS NANOPARTICLE ‘META-GRID’

·        The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati, India, and Imperial College London, United Kingdom, have developed nanoparticles called the ‘meta-grid’ or ‘metamaterial grid’ that makes the light-emitting diodes (LED) brighter, energy-efficient and durable.

·        It was jointly developed by Dr. Debabrata Sikdar, assistant professor at IIT Guwahati along with Prof. Sir John B. Pendry and Prof. Alexei A. Kornyshev from Imperial College London. 

 

4. SII PARTNERED WITH GAVI AND THE BILL & MELINDA GATES FOUNDATION

·        Serum Institute of India(SII) Private Limited has entered into a new partnership with Gavi, the International Vaccine Alliance and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, to accelerate the process of manufacture and delivery of up to 100 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines for India and other low and middle income countries(LMICs) by 2021 as part of the Gavi COVAX Advance Market Commitment (AMC), a mechanism within the COVAX Facility.

 

5. ICC RETAINS INDIA AS THE HOST OF 2021 CWC

·        International Cricket Council(ICC) confirmed that India will host the Twenty-20(T20) Cricket World Cup 2021 between October – November 2021 as the BCCI retained the hosting rights and Australia will host the 2020 World Cup edition, which was postponed due to the global pandemic in 2022.

 

6. U.P. GOVERNMENT ODOP SCHEME

·        E-commerce platform Flipkart signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Uttar Pradesh Government’s One District, One Product (ODOP) scheme.As part of the MoU, artisans, weavers and craftsmen under the One District, One Product (ODOP) scheme will be brought into the ‘Flipkart Samarth’ initiative. 

·        Flipkart will provide training, dedicated space in Flipkart’s fulfilment centres, constant seller support, free cataloguing, marketing, account management, business insights and warehouse support. 

 

7. SMART INDIA HACKATHON 2020

·        Defence Institute of Advanced Technology (DIAT) Pune, an autonomous organization under the Department of Defence Research & Development, DRDO,  has won first prize of rupees 1 Lakh for solving problem statement MS331 in the category of software posed by the Madhya Pradesh Government in Smart India Hackathon -SIH(Software) 2020, which is held at Noida Institute of Engineering & Technology (NIET), Uttar Pradesh from August 1 to 3, 2020.

 

 

 

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Saturday, August 8, 2020

DAILY GK 8 AUG 2020

 

DAILY GK  8 AUG 2020

1. INDIA’S FIRST ‘KISAN RAIL’ FLAGGED OFF

·        Piyush Goyal, Union Minister of Railways and Narendra Singh Tomar flagged off the India’s 1st Kisan Rail, a Special Parcel Train from Maharashtra’s Devlali to Bihar’s Danapur Railway station
through video link.

·        This is the 1st ever multi commodity train of Indian Railways(IR) that carries fruits like Pomegranate, Banana, Grapes etc and vegetables like Capsicum, Cauliflower etc.

·        The train will run on a weekly basis.

·        The launch of Kisan Rail is a step towards achieving the target of doubling the income of farmers by 2022.

·        The train is in pursuance of announcement made by Finance Minister Niramala Sitharaman in Union Budget 2020-21

 

2. PM MODI ADDRESSES CONCLAVE ON REFORMS IN HIGHER EDUCATION

·        PM Narendra Modi delivered the inaugural address at the Conclave on Transformational Reforms in Higher Education under National Education Policy(NEP) organised by the Ministry of Education in association with University Grants Commission(UGC) over a virtual platform and discussed various aspects of NEP 2020, which replaces the National Policy on Education framed in 1986 with academicians and scientists.

·        KKasturirangan, an Indian space scientist, stated that to enable scientific steps to integrate technology in the education system, the National Research Foundation (NRF) will work closely with the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF).

·        The new policy focuses and encourages the “How to think” approach to education than the current “What to think” teaching.

 

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DAILY GK 7 AUG 2020

 

DAILY GK 7 AUG 2020

 

1. GLOBAL REMITTANCES MAY LOSE $108.6 BN IN 2020

·        In accordance with the report by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) published on August 3, 2020 , if the economic impact of Covid-19 persists throughout the year then global remittances may fall by $108.6 billion in 2020.

·        As per the report, there is severe continuous impact of pandemic on the global economic systems and employment.

·        Migrant workers are in extreme situations while many others are facing scant job security and limited access to social assistance.

 

2. FUTUREBRAND INDEX 2020

·        FutureBrand Index 2020 was released, Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), Oil and Gas Company ranked as the Second Biggest Brand for its recognition associated with its growth, innovative products and customer service after Apple which topped the index.

·        Reliance Industries Limited is owned by Mukesh Ambani is one of the companies of the future among Nextera Energy, ASML and other high tech, renewable and ethical organisations.

·        Tata is ranked 65 for its technology business.

 

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Wednesday, August 5, 2020

Monthly GK Capsules July 2020

Monthly GK Capsules July 2020

Here are the new Monthly GK Capsules. This time we are going to share the official PDF file of AAA-Bright Academy which contains Monthly GK updates July 2020. So if you are preparing for any Government, Bank, Railways, SSC Examination this PDF file is very helpful to you. All the best to all participants for the upcoming Examination.


To Download Monthly GK of July 2020 CLICK HERE
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DAILY GK 5 AUG 2020

DAILY GK 5 AUG 2020

1. DEFENCE PRODUCTION AND EXPORT PROMOTION POLICY 2020

·       Ministry of Defence (MoD) publicized a draft ‘Defence Production & Export Promotion Policy (DPEPP) 2020 for public feedback by August 17, 2020 after which the policy would be promulgated by the MoD.

·       The policy aims to achieve a manufacturing turnover of $25 bn or Rs 1,75,000 crore, including exports of $5 bn or Rs 35,000 Crore in aerospace and defence goods and services by 2025.

·       The DPEPP 2020 is MoD’s overarching guiding document for providing significant thrust to defence production for self-reliance and exports.

·       Currently, FDI policy for Defence sector, FDI was allowed under automatic route up to 49% and above 49% through government route.

 

2. LISTED ENTITIES GET 3 YEARS TO MEET CRITERIA OF MINIMUM 25% PUBLIC SHAREHOLDING

·       In order to provide more time to the listed entities to meet criteria of minimum public shareholding (MPS) of 25%, the Centre Government has made changes in the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Rules, 1957 in rule 19A, in sub-rule (1), where the words “two years” substituted by words “three years”.

·       Therefore, listed entities get one more year to comply with the rules of MPS, benefitting more than three dozen PSUs (public sector undertakings) who have been unable to meet this requirement amid COVID-19.

 

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Tuesday, August 4, 2020

DAILY GK 4 AUG 2020

DAILY GK 4 AUG 2020

1. ‘VIDYARTHI VIGYAN MANTHAN 2020-21’

·             Dr.Harsh Vardhan launched Vidyarthi Vigyan Manthan 2020-21. VVM is a national level programme for popularizing science among school students of class sixth to Eleventh. 

·             Vidyarthi Vigyan Manthan is an initiative of Vijnana Bharathi (VIBHA) in collaboration with Vigyan Prasar, Government of India and National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) an institution under the Ministry of Education(MoE formerly known as Ministry of Human Resource Development).

·             It is India’s largest Science talent search examination for New India using Digital Devices.

 

2. IFSCA SET UP EXPERT COMMITTEE HEADED BY PRADIP SHAH

·             The International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA) announced the establishment of an expert committee headed by Pradip Shah, Chairman of Indasia Fund Advisors Pvt Ltd. to suggest on how to develop the international retail businesses in International Financial Services Centres(IFSC).

·             The objective of the IFSCA is to make India a global hub for international financial service in par with London, Hong Kong, Singapore and Dubai.

 

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DAILY GK 2-3 AUG 2020

DAILY GK 2-3 AUG 2020

1. UPSTREAM CARRIAGEWAY OF MAHATMA GANDHI BRIDGE

·       Mahatma Gandhi Bridge/Setu over river Ganga in Bihar, Union Minister for Road Transport, Highways and MSMEs (Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises) Nitin Jairam Gadkari virtually inaugurated its upstream carriageway.

·       This means the two lanes are completed of the 4-lane bridge which is being renovated at a cost of Rs 1,742 crore.

·       The online ceremony was presided over by Chief Minister (CM) of Bihar Nitish Kumar. 

 

2. INDIA & UK TIE UP FOR NEW 8 MILLION POUNDS MEDICINAL RESEARCH

·       Lord Tariq Ahmad of Wimbledon, The Minister of State for South Asia and the Commonwealth announced funding and tie up between The United Kingdom(UK) and India for five new medicinal research projects worth 8 million pounds (around Rs78 crore) to tackle the anti-microbial resistance to support the combat against antibiotic resistant bacteria and genes during his ‘virtual visit’ to India.

·       The UK partnered with India’s Serum Institute for the manufacturing of COVID-19 vaccine.

 

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Saturday, August 1, 2020

DAILY GK 1 AUG 2020


DAILY GK 1 AUG 2020
1. AIM LAUNCHED ‘AIM-ICREST’
·       NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), has launched AIM iCREST – an Incubator Capabilities enhancement program for a Robust Ecosystem focused on creating high performing Startups in collaboration with Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Wadhwani Foundation, which will provide global expertise.
·       This is a first of its kind initiative for advancing innovation at scale in India. 

2. “EASING DOING BUSINESS FOR ATMANIRBHAR BHARAT”
·       Piyush Goyal, Union Minister of Commerce and Industry, inaugurated the National Digital Conference on “Easing Doing Business for Atmanirbhar Bharat” organised by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) with the Department for Promotion of Investment and Internal Trade (DPIIT) to improve the business environment of India.
·       To promote finance for investments, the government improves the availability of long term finance for industries and the government has identified around 20 industrial sectors to focus.

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DAILY GK 31 JULY 2020


DAILY GK 31 JULY 2020
1. CABINET APPROVED NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY (NEP) 2020
·        Union Cabinet chaired by the PM Narendra Modi approved the first education policy of the 21st century i.e. National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 which has replaced 34 years old NPE, 1986.
·        This was announced by Union Minister of Information and Broadcasting Prakash Keshav Javadekar.
·        With this, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) will officially be renamed the Ministry of Education (MoE).
·        It should be noted that from now onwards the education sector will get allocation of 6% of total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as compared to 1.7% previously.NEP 2020 emphasizes setting up of Gender Inclusion Fund, Special Education Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups.
·        This new policy aligned to the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG)-4 of 2030 Agenda is aimed at Universalization of Education from pre-school to secondary level with 100 % Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030. 
·        Policy also aims to achieve 100% youth and adult literacy.
·        GER in higher education is to be raised to 50% by 2035 with the addition of 3.5 crore seats.
·        The policy premised on the 5 pillars of Access, Equity, Quality, Affordability and Accountability has been created after the largest consultation and discussion process of its kind in the country.
·        NCPFECCE: National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) will develop a National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCPFECCE) for children up to the age of 8. The planning and implementation of ECCE will be carried out jointly by the Ministries of HRD, Women and Child Development (WCD), Health and Family Welfare (HFW), and Tribal Affairs.
·        NCFSE: A comprehensive National Curricular Framework for School Education (NCFSE 2020-21) will be developed by the NCERT.
·        PARAKH: As a part of Assessment reforms in schools, a National Assessment Centre, PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development) will be set up as a standard-setting body.
·        Teachers are to be prepared for assessment reforms by 2023.
·        NRF: The National Research Foundation (NRF) will be created as an apex body for fostering a strong research culture and building research capacity across higher education.
·        NCFTE: A comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education (NCFTE 2021), will be formulated by the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) in consultation with NCERT.
·        By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed. degree 
·        NPST: For recruitment of teachers, a common National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) will be developed by the NCTE by 2022, in consultation with NCERT, SCERTs (State Council of Educational Research and Training), teachers and expert organizations.
·        SSSA: For standard-setting and accreditation for school Educationstates/UTs will set up an independent State School Standards Authority (SSSA).
·        The SCERT will develop a School Quality Assessment and Accreditation Framework (SQAAF) through consultations with all stakeholders.
·        NETF: An autonomous body, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), will be created to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the use of technology
·        IITI: NEP recommends setting up an Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI), National Institute (or Institutes) for Pali, Persian and Prakrit, and strengthening of Sanskrit and all language departments in Higher Education Institutes (HEIs).
·        HECIHigher Education Commission of India (HECI) will be set up as a single overarching umbrella body for entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education. 
·        This means that multiple higher education regulators like the University Grants Commission (UGC), All Indian Council of Technical Education (AICTE) and National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE) will be merged into one. 
·        HECI will have four independent verticals :
·        National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation
·        General Education Council (GEC ) for standard setting, 
·        Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding
·        National Accreditation Council ( NAC) for accreditation. 
·        National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy: It will be launched by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) for attaining universal foundational literacy and numeracy in all primary schools for all learners by grade 3 by 2025.
·        States will prepare an implementation plan for this.
·        National Book Promotion Policy will also be formulated.
·        Now let’s have a look on major changes in school and higher education.
·        School Education:
·        There is a major structural reform in the school system from the 10+2 model to 5+3+3+4 model in order to bring 2 crore out of school children back into the mainstream.
·        It will consist of the following:
·        Foundational stage – It will consist of two parts, 3 years of Anganwadi/pre-school + 2 years in primary school in Grades 1-2 and will have flexible, multilevel, activity-based learning.
·        Age covered: 3-8 
·        Preparatory Stage– An experiential learning across sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities will be introduced in Grades 3-5.
·        Age covered: 8-11
·        Middle Stage– It will have subject-oriented teaching and curricular style for Grades 6-8. The school system will integrate vocation education and internships from Class six onwards and activities involving coding will also be introduced at this stage. Students will also participate in a fun project/activity on The Languages of India, under the Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat initiative.
·        Age covered: 11-14
·        Secondary stage- It will also consist of two parts i.e. Grade 9&10 + Grade 11&12 and will have greater depth curricular and student choice of subjects, and option to exit at grade 10 and re-enter at a later stage in grade 11.
·        Several foreign languages will be offered at this level. 
·        Age covered: 14-18 
·        Other Important Changes in School Education:
·        –Teaching up to at least Grade 5 to be in mother tongue/ regional language. 
·        –Curriculum content will be reduced in each subject to make space for inquiry-based, discovery-based, discussion-based, and analysis-based learning.
·        –Mathematics and computational thinking to be given increased emphasis throughout school years. 
·        –Students will get 360 degree holistic report card, which will not only include their marks, but also their skills.
·        Bagless days will be encouraged in schools for enrichment activities involving arts, quizzes, sports, and vocational crafts.
·        –There will be Inclusion of specially-abled children in the schooling process. 
·        Indian Sign Language (ISL) will be standardized across India, and National and State curriculum materials developed for use by students with hearing impairment.
·        Higher Education:
·        Multiple exit Options: UG education can be of 3 or 4 years with multiple exit options and appropriate certification within this period. For example, Certificate after 1 year, Advanced Diploma after 2 years, Bachelor’s Degree after 3 years and Bachelor’s with Research after 4 years.
·        –An Academic Bank of Credit is to be established for digitally storing academic credits earned from different HEIs so that these can be transferred and counted towards the final degree earned.
·        –Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs), at par with Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), to be set up as models of best multidisciplinary education of global standards in the country.
     Students who have completed 4 years of bachelors’ programme with research, there would be an option of a one year master’s degree. 
     5 year integrated bachelors’ and masters’ degree would continue.
·        –For doctorate, the students who have completed their master’s would be eligible for pursuing Ph.D. 
·        –The M. Phil programme would be discontinued.
·        Background of NEP, 2020:
·        In May 2016, Committee for Evolution of the New Education Policy under the Chairmanship of Late Thirumanilaiyur Sitapati Ramana (TSR) Subramanian, Former Cabinet Secretary, submitted its report.  
·        Based on this, the HRD Ministry prepared ‘Some Inputs for the Draft National Education Policy, 2016’. 
·        In June 2017, Committee for the Draft National Education Policy was constituted under the Chairmanship of eminent scientist Dr. Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan, which submitted the Draft National Education Policy, 2019 to the HRD Ministry on 31st May, 2019.  
·        Evolution of Education Policy:
·        University Education Commission (1948-49)
·        Secondary Education Commission (1952-53)
·        Education Commission (1964-66) under Dr. D. S. Kothari
·        National Policy on Education, 1968
·        42nd Constitutional Amendment, 1976- Education in Concurrent list
·        National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986
·        NPE 1986 Modified in 1992 (Programme of Action, 1992)
·        T.S.R. Subramaniam Committee Report (May 27, 2016)
·        Dr. Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan Committee Report (May 31, 2019)

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