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Showing posts with label Daily Currrent Affairs. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Daily Currrent Affairs. Show all posts

Tuesday, November 29, 2022

DAILY GK 24,25,26 NOV

DAILY GK 24,25,26 NOV

 1.              PM MODI LAUNCHES KARMAYOGI PRARAMBH MODULE

·                Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi distributed over 71,000 appointment letters via video conferencing to newly enlisted recruits under Rozgar Mela in 45 places across India (except Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh).

·                He also introduced the Karmayogi Prarambh module, an online orientation course for all newly appointed employees of different government departments.

 

2.              INDIA’S FIRST SUICIDE PREVENTION POLICY

·                The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoH&FW) introduced National Suicide Prevention Strategy, the first of its kind in India, to achieve a reduction in suicide mortality by 10% by 2030 

·                The National Suicide Prevention Strategy aims to establish,Effective surveillance mechanisms for suicide within the next 3 years.

·                Psychiatric outpatient departments that will provide suicide prevention services through the District Mental Health Programme in all districts within the next 5 years;

·                Integrates a mental well-being curriculum in all educational institutions within the next 8 years.

·                In the past 3 years, the suicide rate has increased from 10.2 to 11.3 per 1,00,000 population.

·                The most common reasons for suicide include family problems and illnesses, account for 34% and 18% respectively of all suicide-related deaths.

·                In India, tops in suicide under the 15-29 years category and also more than 1 lakh lives are lost every year to suicide.

 

3.              QATAR SIGNS WORLD’S ‘LONGEST’ GAS SUPPLY DEAL WITH CHINA

·                Qatar Energy signed the 27-year natural gas supply deal with China, referring to it as the “Longest” ever seen as it strengthened ties with Asia at a time when Europe is looking for alternate supplies.

·                The deal marks the longest gas supply agreement in the history of the LNG industry.

·                Since Russia invaded Ukraine, European nations have become more interested in Qatar’s gas, which is primarily sold to Asian nations led by China, Japan, and South Korea.

 

4.              OECD ECONOMIC OUTLOOK -WORLD ECONOMY TO GROW JUST 2.2% IN 2023

·                As per the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) estimations in its ‘OECD Economic Outlook, November 2022- Confronting the Crisis’, the world economy will grow just 3.1% in 2022, down from a robust 5.9% in 2021.

·                This growth will worsen in 2023 to just 2.2%.

·                India’s economy is expected to grow 6.6% in 2022 and 5.7% in 2023.

·                OECD Headquartere Paris, Secretary-General Mathias Cormann.

 

5.              UNEP CHAMPIONS OF THE EARTH 2022 HONOUR

·                The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has named the 2022Champions of the Earth, honouring five environmental protectors —a conservationist, an enterprise, an economist, a women’s rights activist, and a wildlife biologist

·                The annual UNEP Champions of the Earth award, established in 2005, is the highest environmental honour bestowed by the United Nations (UN).

·                Dr. Purnima Devi Barman, an Assam-based wildlife biologist from India, has received the UNEP 2022 Champions of the Earth award in the Entrepreneurial Vision category.

·                Barman received the award for her efforts to protect the greater adjutant stork, known as “Hargila” in Assamese, by establishing the “Hargila Army,” an all-female grassroots conservation campaign.

 

6.              2022 JCB PRIZE FOR LITERATURE

·                “The Paradise of Food” authored by noted Urdu writer Khalid Jawed, and translated by BaranFarooqi from Urdu to English won the 2022 JCB Prize for Literature.

·                Khalid Jawed is an Indian Novelist and a leading Urdu Fiction writer 

 

7.              CAMBRIDGE DICTIONARY REVEALS ‘HOMER’ AS WORD OF THE YEAR 2022

·                The Cambridge Dictionary has revealed its word of the year for 2022 as ‘homer’, an informal American English word for a home run in baseball.

·                The word ‘homer’ was searched for nearly 75,000 times during the first week of May 2022, when it was an answer in the word game, “Wordle”.

·                There were also other five-letter words in search including, ‘humor’, the American spelling was second-highest in 2022, followed by ‘caulk’, ‘tacit’, and ‘bayou’.

 

8.              12TH GLOBAL EMPLOYABILITY UNIVERSITY RANKING & SURVEY 2022-23:

·                The Times Higher Education (THE) released the 12th edition of its annual Global Employability University Ranking and Survey (GEURS) 2022-2023

·                 It featured 7 Indian universities among the top 250 universities in the world for graduate employability.

·                The Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IIT-D) was the highest-ranked Indian university with a global rank of 28th, and the only Indian institute in the top 50.

·                The list has been topped by the United States’ (US) Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

·                India’s Amity University, and Bangalore University are the new entrants in this list.

 

9.              WIPO: GLOBAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY FILINGS REACH RECORD LEVELS IN 2021

·                According to the World Intellectual Property Indicators 2021 report by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Global innovators submitted 3.4 million patent applications in 2021, an increase of 3.6% from 2020.

·                Nearly 67.6% of all applications worldwide were received by offices in Asia.

·                In 2021, China (+5.5%), India (+5.5%), and the Republic of Korea (+2.5%) experienced rapid increases in local patent filings.

·                In 2021, local patenting decreased in the United States (-1.2%), Japan (-1.7%), and Germany (-3.9%).

·                WIPODirector General-Daren Tang,Headquarters Geneva, Switzerland

 

10.           EXERCISE GARUDA SHAKTI BETWEEN INDIAN & INDONESIA

·                The 8th edition of the India-Indonesia bilateral joint training exercise “Garuda Shakti” began at the Sangga Buana training centre in Karawang, west Java, Indonesia.

·                Exercise Garuda Shakti 2022 is a part of military-to-military exchange programs.

 

11.           GSTN INCLUDED IN FIP LIST UNDER ACCOUNT AGGREGATOR FRAMEWORK

·                The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has included Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) in the list of Financial Information Providers (FIPs) under the Account Aggregator (AA) Framework. 

·                This decision has been taken to facilitate cash flow-based lending to MSMEs (Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises).

·                For this purpose, GSTN will be regulated by the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance.

·                The financial information will be Goods and Services Tax (GST) Returns, viz. Form GSTR-1 and Form GSTR-3B

·                So far, there are six AAs in India with operating licenses and nine AAs with in-principle approval from RBI. 

·                FIPs include banks, non-banking financial companies, asset management companies, depository, depository participants, insurance companies, and pension funds.

 

12.           DR ABDUL KALAM SEVA PURASKAR

·                One of India’s youngest entrepreneurs, Ravi Kumar Sagar,founder and CEO of the INNO group, was honoured with Dr Abdul KalamSevaPuraskar for his persistent service to society.

·                The award was given to him for his steadfast service to society.

13.           Dr KalamSevaPuraskar is hosted every year by Vande Bharat Foundation and Lead India Foundation to commemorate the birth anniversary (15th October) of the late former President of India Dr APJ AdulKalam.

 

14.           PAYAL KANWAR CONFERRED THE FRENCH NATIONAL ORDER

·                Payal S Kanwar, Director General (DG) of the Indo-French Chamber of Commerce (IFCCI)/ CCI France-Inde, has been honoured with the  French National Order, the insignia of Chevalier de l’Ordre national du Mérit by the Ambassador of France to India, Emmanuel Lenain, at a special ceremony held in France.

·                Payal S Kanwar was honoured in recognition of her outstanding commitment and contribution towards developing and promoting economic and bilateral relations between India and France and also upon expanding the French business ecosystem in India.

 

15.           MANJULA (YARD 786), 7TH FERRY CRAFT LAUNCHED AT KOLKATA, WEST BENGAL

·                Manjula Ferry Craft was built under the ‘Make in India’ initiative of Ministry of Defence (MoD) with all major and auxiliary equipment or systems sourced from indigenous manufacturers.

·                These Ferry Crafts are being built with a life span of 25 years and provide impetus to operational and logistics requirements of the Indian Navy.

 

16.           UK COMPANIES RATE MAHARASHTRA AS TOP STATE TO DO BUSINESS: UKIBC REPORT

·                The United Kingdom India Business Council (UKIBC) released its 8th annual ‘Doing Business in India’ 2022 Report. As per it, Maharashtra is rated highest amongst States in terms of the operating environment.

·                It is followed by GujaratChandigarhHaryanaHimachal Pradesh (HP), Andhra Pradesh (AP), and Uttar Pradesh (UP).

 

17.           “NASEEM AL BAHR” INDIAN NAVY -OMAN NAVY BILATERAL EXERCISE

·                The 13th edition of the bilateral exercise “Naseem Al Bahr” (Sea Breeze) between the Indian Navy (IN) and Royal Navy of Oman (RNO) took place off the coast of Oman 

·                Exercise “Naseem Al Bahr” 2022 consisted of 3 phases: the harbour phase, the sea phase, and the debrief.

 

18.           ARMY CHIEF GENERAL MANOJ PANDE RECEIVES GUARD OF HONOUR IN PARIS

·                Army Chief General Manoj Pande received a Guard of Honour at the Les Invalides in Paris, France, when he was on a four-day visit to France.

·                During his visit, he interacted with the Chief of Staff of the French Army General Pierre Schill and had a discussion upon issues of mutual interest.

 

19.           NEW PRIME MINISTER OF MALAYSIA

·                Anwar bin Ibrahim (75-year-old) leader of Malaysia’s PakatanHarapan coalition was sworn in as the 10th Prime Minister (PM) of Malaysia.

·                Malaysia’s king, Sultan Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah, named Anwar Ibrahim as Malaysia’s(PM).

·                In less than 5 years (since 2018), he is the 4th PM of Malaysia.

·                Anwar Ibrahim succeeds the 9th Prime Minister of Malaysia, Ismail SabriYaakob.

·                Anwar Ibrahim’s Alliance of Hope (PakatanHarapan) won the highest number of parliamentary seats at 82 seats but still fell short of 112, the number required to form the government.

·                Malaysian Parliament:The bicameral (two-Chamber) parliament consists of the Dewan Rakyat (222 elected members) (House of Representatives or literally People’s Hall) and the Dewan Negara (70 Senators) (Nation’s Hall in Malay; however, it is commonly referred to as the Senate).

·                Members of the Dewan Rakyat are known as Members of Parliament (MPs) while members of the Dewan Negara are called Senators.

 

20.           INDIA WINS IEC VICE PRESIDENCY & SMB CHAIR FOR 2023-25

·                India won the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) vice presidency and Strategic Management Board (SMB) chair for the 2023-25 term.

·                India’s representative, VimalMahendru was elected as the IEC vice president.

·                Standardization Management Board (SMB) is an apex governance body of IEC responsible for technical policy matters.

·                The Chair of the SMB is an ex officio Vice-President of IEC for the duration of his/her term. 

·                IEC is an international standard setting body that publishes international Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies.

·                SMBPresident – Yinbiao, Shu,Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland

 

21.           INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN 2022 – NOVEMBER 25 

·                The theme of International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women 2022 is “UNITE! Activism to End Violence against Women & Girls”.

·                According to a new study by United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime(UNODC) and UN Women, in 2021, for every hour, more than 5 women or girls were killed by someone in their own family.

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DAILY GK 22,23 NOV

DAILY GK 22,23 NOV

1.              BUDDHAVANAM– THE FIRST BUDDHIST HERITAGE THEME PARK

·                The 275-acre park Buddhavanam, the 1st of its kind and the largest Buddhist Heritage Theme Park in the world, is developed by the Telangana State Tourism Development Corporation at Nagarjunasagar in the Nalgonda district, Telangana.

·                The park was inaugurated on 14th May 2022 and looks out over the peaceful backwaters of the River Krishna from the commanding Nagarjunasagar Dam.

 

2.              UN CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE (COP 27)

·                https://affairscloud.com/assets/plugins/wccp-pro/images/transparent.gifThe 27th Conference of the Parties (COP 27) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in Sharm El-Sheikh, Arab Republic of Egypt.

·                The “Sharm-El-Sheikh Adaptation Agenda” was introduced at the COP27, which was held in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt

·                The Sharm-El-Sheikh Adaptation Agenda proposes 30 Adaptation Outcomes to improve resilience for 4 billion people living in the most climate vulnerable communities by 2030.

·                The presidency aimed to raise between USD 140 billion – USD 300 billion to achieve goals aimed at reducing the severe effects of climate change.

·                India noted on behalf of Like-Minded Developing Countries (LMDCs) that the USD 100 billion per year pledged in 2009 is only small and is yet to be fulfilled.

·                Having failed to raise the 100 billion dollars per year by 2020, the developed countries have now promised to deliver this amount by 2023.

·                At the COP 27 Ministers from the BASIC (Brazil, South Africa, India, and China) Group emphasized the notion of “Common but Differentiated Responsibilities ” (CBDR) and respective capabilities in light of national situations.

·                The COP 28 to the UNFCCC will be held in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) from November 30 to December 12, 2023.

 

3.              NATIONAL SPORTS AWARDS 2022

·                National Sports Awards 2022 were announced by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (MYAS) which will be conferred upon the 41 deserving sportspersons, coaches and entities under 6 categories by the President of India, DroupadiMurmu

·                Guru Nanak Dev University (GNDU), Amritsar (Punjab) won the MaulanaAbulKalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy 2022 for the record 24th time.

 

4.              2021 INDIRA GANDHI PRIZE FOR WORKS IN EDUCATION

·                Pratham, a Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) functioning in the field of education, received the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament, and Development of 2021 

·                Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of PrathamRukmini Banerji

·                The prestigious Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament, and Development (Indira Gandhi Prize or Indira Gandhi Peace Prize) is awarded annually by the Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust to recognise contributions to advancing global peace, development, and a new international economic order.

 

5.              GANDHI MANDELA AWARD 2022

·                Himachal Pradesh governor RajendraVishwanathArlekar felicitated the 14th Dalai Lama, Tibetan spiritual leader with the Gandhi Mandela Award 2022 at ThekchenChoeling in Dharamshala’sMcleodGanj.

·                The award was constituted by the Gandhi Mandela Foundation, a government of India (GoI) registered Trust and a non-profit organisation

·                In 1989, Dalai Lama received the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of his efforts towards the liberation of Tibet and the efforts taken by him for a peaceful resolution instead of using violence as a key.

 

6.              NEW ELECTION COMMISSIONER OF INDIA

·                ArunGoel, Retired Indian Administrative Officer (IAS) officer of Punjab cadre (1985 batch) took charge as the Election Commissioner (EC) of India.

·                He joins the 3 member Election Commision of India which includes, Chief Election Commissioner(CEC) Rajiv Kumar and Election Commissioner Anup Chandra Pandey.

·                According to article 324 , a person can hold the office of an election commissioner or chief election commissioner for 6 years or till the age of 65

 

7.              15TH ASIAN AIRGUN CHAMPIONSHIP IN SOUTH KOREA

·                India topped the medal standing of the 15th Asian Airgun Championship  2022 with 25 gold medals at Daegu, South Korea

·                India ranked first in medal standing followed by South Korea (Republic of Korea) and Uzbekistan.

·                A total of 225 athletes from 17 Asian countries fairly competed in the Rifle/Pistol events.

 

8.              MAX VERSTAPPEN WINS ABU DHABI GRAND PRIX

·                Max Verstappen, two-time world champion made a record-extending 15th win of the year 2022 in AbuDhabi Grand Prix held at the Yas Marina Circuit in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

·                Sebastian Vettel (German)  Retires from F1 Racing

 

9.              WORLD CHILDREN’S DAY 2022 – NOVEMBER 20

·                United Nations (UN)’s World Children’s Day is annually observed across the globe on November 20 to acknowledge children’s rights, improve global child welfare, and promote unity and awareness among all children.

·                The Theme of World Children’s Day 2022 is “Inclusion, For Every Child

·                World Children’s Day is the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)’s annual day of action for children, by children.

·                UNICEF Executive Director- Catherine M. Russell,Headquarters- New York

 

10.           WORLD TELEVISION DAY 2022 – NOVEMBER 21

·                United Nations (UN)’s World Television Day is annually observed across the globe on November 21 to recognise the importance and influence of television in our lives.

·                21st November was chosen to commemorate the date on which the 1st World Television Forum was held in 1996.

 

11.           WORLD FISHERIES DAY 2022 – NOVEMBER 21

·                World Fisheries Day is annually observed across the globe on 21st November to demonstrate solidarity with the members of the fisher community, fish farmers and concerned stakeholders across the world.

·                World Forum of Fish Harvesters & Fish Workers came together on 21st Novmber 1997 to unify fishermen and women across the globe.

 

12.           INTEGRATED FIRE POWER EXERCISE ‘SHATRUNASH’

·                Indian Army’s South Western Command conducted “SHATRUNASH”, the Integrated Fire Power Exercise, Mahajan Field Firing Range (MFFR) in the Thar Desert in Rajasthan.

·                MFFR, located in Bikaner Rajasthan is the army’s oldest and biggest practice area in the Thar desert.

·                South Western Command was formally raised on 15 April 2005 and Operationalised on 15 August 2005.

 

13.           MANIPUR SANGAI FESTIVAL 2022 BEGINS

·                The 10-day-long Manipur Sangai Festival 2022 (the festival of Oneness), the annual cultural festival was declared open at Bishnupur district, Manipur.

·                The theme of the Manipur Sangai Festival 2022 is the ‘Festival of Oneness’.

 

14.           NETWORK READINESS INDEX 2022 REPORT

·                The United States (US)-based non-profit Portulans Institute (PI) released its Network Readiness Index (NRI) 2022 report.

·                As per it, India moved up six spots to claim the 61st place in the index from 67th in NRI 2021.

·                The index has been topped by the United States (US) as the most network-ready society with an overall score of 80.3.  It is followed by Singapore with a score of 79.35, and Sweden with a score of 78.91 at 2nd and 3rd rank respectively.

·                India is ranked 3rd out of 36 in the group of lower-middle-income countries after Ukraine (50) and Indonesia (59) at 1st and 2nd rank respectively.

 

15.           NTPC TEAM WINS GOLD AWARD IN 47TH ICQCC-2022

·                Quality Control Circle (QCC) ABHYUDAYA, the QC team of NTPC Limited (formerly known as National Thermal Power Corporation Limited), Unchahar, Uttar Pradesh, has won the International Sudome Quality Medal – “GOLD” award in the 47th International Convention on Quality Control Circle (ICQCC-2022).

·                The theme for ICQCC-2022 is “Built Back Better through Quality Efforts

 

16.           INDIA TAKES OVER CHAIR OF GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE FROM FRANCE

·                India took over as the Council Chair of the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) for 2022-2023 from France, the outgoing Council Chair of GPAI.

·                Rajeev Chandrasekhar, Union Minister of State(MoS) for Electronics & Information Technology, represented India (virtually) at the GPAI Summit 2022, the 3rd annual meeting of GPAI, held in Tokyo, Japan.

·                Canada and the US were elected to the two additional governemnt seats on the Steering Committee 2022-2023.

·                The Government of Japan will co-chair the 2022-2023 GPAI Steering Committee with the Multistakeholder Experts Group Plenary Chair.

·                GPAI, an international initiative on AI was launched in 2020 with 15 founding members, to support responsible and human-centric development and the use of Artificial Intelligence.Presently, GPAI has 29 members 

 

17.           NITTO ATP FINALS 2022: NOVAK DJOKOVIC WON

·                Serbian tennis player Novak Djokovic won the Nitto ATP (Association of Tennis Professionals) Finals title for the 6th time held at the Pala Alpitour in Turin, Italy.

·                He won the title and defeated Norway’s Casper Ruud

·                Winning his 6th ATP Finals Title, Novak Djokovic equalled Swiss tennis player, Roger Federer’s record for ATP Finals Championship.

·                Carlos Alcaraz (Spain) creates history by becoming Youngest Year-End ATP World No. 1, Presented ByPepperstone.

 

18.           NORTH EAST OLYMPIC GAMES 2022: MANIPUR TOPS MEDAL TALLY

·                Manipur tops the medal tally of the North East Olympic Games 2022 with 240 Medals( 88 gold, 75 silver and 77 bronze).

·                This is the 2nd consecutive time Manipur has to top the medal tally of the event.

·                2nd Edition North East Olympic Games (2022), was held at Shillong, Meghalaya

·                Assam secured 2nd position in the medal tally with 203 medals (79 golds, 61 silver and 63 bronze) followed by Arunachal Pradesh with 112 medals (39 gold, 36 silver and 37 bronze)

·                Nagaland is set to host the 3rd edition of the Northeast Olympic Games.

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