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Showing posts with label Daily GK. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Daily GK. Show all posts

Friday, May 17, 2024

DAILY GK 20 APRIL

 DAILY GK 20 APRIL

1.         WORLD’S BEST AIRPORT

·           Doha’s (Qatar) Hamad International Airport (HIA) has been named the World’s Best Airport 2024 in the 2024 Skytrax World Airport Awards, held at Passenger Terminal EXPO in Frankfurt, Germany

·           The 2023 Airport of the Year and 12-times previous winner, Singapore Changi Airport (Singapore) secured 2nd place, winning Best Airport in Asia and the World’s Best Airport Immigration Service.

·           Incheon Airport (Seoul, South Korea) ranked 3rd, winning the World’s Most Family Friendly Airport for 2024.

·           Skytrax are specialist Research and Quality Advisor to the air transport industry.

·           Skytrax Headquarters– London, UK

 

2.         SWEDEN BECOMES 38TH SIGNATORY TO THE ARTEMIS ACCORDS

·           Sweden officially became the 38th nation to sign the National Aeronautics and Space Administration(NASA)’s “Artemis Accords” which establish a practical set of guidelines for peaceful space exploration and use of outer space.

·           Switzerland became the 37th country to sign the Artemis Accords.

·           Artemis Accord:The Artemis Accords was jointly launched by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and US Department of State in 2020 with an aim of advancing bilateral and multilateral space cooperation between the signatories.

·           Artemis Accords was formally signed on 13th October 2020 by 8 founder countries: Australia, Canada, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the United Arab Emirates(UAE), the United Kingdom(UK) and USA.

·           It is a non-binding agreement with no financial commitments.

 

3.         ANNUAL TIME100: MOST INFLUENTIAL PEOPLE IN THE WORLD 2024

·           TIME, the 101-year-old global media brand has revealed the 21st edition of annual “TIME 100 most influential people 2024in the world.

·           The list features a total of 8 people of Indian Origins namely Alia Bhatt, Dev Patel, Sakshi Malik, Satya Nadella, Ajaypal Singh Banga, Jigar Shah, Asma Khan, and Priyamvada Natarajan.

 

4.         FIVE WISDEN CRICKETERS OF THE YEAR 2024

·           The 2024 edition of the Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack has revealed its Five Wisden Cricketers of the Year, highlighting exceptional performances in the world of cricket.

·           It includes Australia’s Mitchell StarcUsman Khawaja, and Ash Gardner, and, England’s, Harry Brook and Mark Wood.

·           Australian Cricketer Travis Head clinched the 2023 Wisden Trophy for his outstanding 163 against India in the World Test Championship (WTC) final at the Oval in London, UK.

 

5.         ASI’S ARYABHATA AWARD

·           PavuluriSubba Rao, former ISRO scientist and Founder and Chief Executive Officer(CEO) of Ananth Technologies Limited(ATL) has been conferred the prestigious Aryabhata Award by the Astronautical Society of India (ASI). 

·           He was also presented with the “Distinguished Fellow” title by ASI.

·           He received the honor in recognition of his outstanding lifetime contribution to the promotion of astronautics in India.

·           Aryabhata Award  was instituted by Astronautical Society of India (ASI).

·           The award is named in the honour of 5th Century Indian astronomer and mathematician Aryabhata, and also in commemoration of India’s 1st satellite named Aryabhata, launched in 1975.

·           The recipient of the award receives a citation and cash prize of Rs 1,00,000.

·           Astronautical Society of India(ASI) was established in 1990 to foster the development of astronautics in the country.

·           Headquarters: Bengaluru, Karnataka

 

6.         DRDO CONDUCTS FLIGHT-TEST OF TECHNOLOGY CRUISE MISSILE (ITCM)

·           Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully conducted flight-test of Indigenous Technology Cruise Missile (ITCM) from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) located at Chandipur off the coast of Odisha.

·           Indigenous Technology Cruise Missile (ITCM) is equipped with advanced avionics and software to ensure better and reliable performance.

·           The missile is developed by DRDO’s laboratory Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) based in Bengaluru, Karnataka

·           The missile performance was monitored by various Range Sensors like: Radar, Electro Optical Tracking System (ETOS) and Telemetry deployed by the ITR at various locations to ensure complete coverage of the flight path.

·           ADE is a laboratory of DRDO and is entrusted with the responsibility of conducting research and development in the field of military aviation.

·           Headquarters: Bengaluru, Karnataka

·           Established: 1959

 

7.         WORLD LIVER DAY 2024 – APRIL 19

·           World Liver Day (WLD) is annually observed across the globe on 19 April to raise awareness about the importance of liver health and to prevent and manage liver diseases.

·           The theme of World Liver Day 2024 is ‘Be Vigilant, Get Regular Liver Check-Ups and Prevent Fatty Liver Diseases.’

 

8.         13TH EUROPEAN GIRLS’ MATHEMATICAL OLYMPIAD 2024

·       The Indian team has secured 2 Silver and 2 Bronze medals in the 13th European Girls’ Mathematical Olympiad (EGMO) 2024.

·       This Olympiad was held in Tskaltubo, Georgia.

 

9.         INDIA GIFTS 35 AMBULANCES TO NEPAL

·       India donated 35 ambulances and 66 school buses to various organisations across Nepal, enhancing the local infrastructure in the health and education sectors.

·       Indian Ambassador to Nepal Naveen Srivastava handed over the vehicles to the Nepalese officials in the presence of Finance Minister Barshaman Pun at a ceremony.

 

10.      US PRESIDENT’S GOLD VOLUNTEER SERVICE HONOUR

·       The US President’s Gold Volunteer Service Award was presented to India's Jain spiritual leader Lokesh Muni.

·       This award has been given to him for his contribution to public welfare and humanity.

·       Muni is the Founder of Ahimsa VishwaBharati and the World Peace Center in India.

 

11.      NATIONAL WOMEN’S CARROM TITLE

·       Three-time World Champion Rashmi Kumari beat K Nagajothi in the women’s final of the 51st National Carrom championship organised by the Madhya Pradesh Carrom Association.

·       The men’s title was bagged by K Srinivas as he beat S Aditya

 

12.      SALMAN RUSHDIE MEMOIR  'KNIFE'

·       Booker Prize-winning author Salman Rushdie’s memoir "Knife" has been released.

·       In 'Knife', Salman Rushdie has an imaginary conversation with his attacker.

·       On this occasion, has spoken in detail about the moment he was attacked by a man with a knife on a stage in New York in 2022.

·       In this attack, Rushdie's damaged liver and hands and nerves in his right eye.

 

13.      WORLD HERITAGE DAY 2024: APRIL 18

·       Every year, April 18th is celebrated as World Heritage Day or International Day for monuments and sites.

·       The International Council on Monuments and Sites 1982 suggested that April 18 should be celebrated as World Heritage Day.

·       The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in its 22nd general conference in 1983 approved the date.

 

14.      RESERVE BANK OF INDIA LIMITS SARVODAYA BANK CUSTOMERS' WITHDRAWAL TO RS 15,000

·       In a significant move, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has placed several constraints on the Mumbaibased Sarvodaya Co-operative Bank.

·       Starting (April 16, 2024), customers of the bank are now limited to a maximum withdrawal of Rs 15,000 from their accounts.

 

15.      PUNJAB NATIONAL BANK 130 YEARS OF BANKING EXCELLENCE

·       Punjab National Bank (PNB), one of the largest Public Sector Banks in India, celebrated its 130th Foundation Day in the city and across the country.

·       PNB unveiled a commemorative history book titled "Anarkali Bazaar, Lahore to Dwarka, Delhi - A 130 Years Saga of Excellence," chronicling the bank's evolution from 1894 to the present.

·       The bank also unveiled the January March 2024 issue of PNB Pratibha, an in-house RajbhashaPatrika.

 

16.      ISL LEAGUE SHIELD

·       A dominant Mohun Bagan defeated Mumbai City FC 2-1 to win their maiden ISL League Shield.

·       This was Mohun Bagan's first victory over the two-time Shield Winners across four seasons

 

17.      PAKISTAN TOPS ASIA WITH HIGHEST COST OF LIVING

·       The Manila-based lending agency Asian Development Bank (ADB) stated that the inflation rate in Pakistan is expected to be 25% in the current fiscal year(2024) -the highest in all of Asia.

·       With this inflation rate, Pakistan has become the most expensive nation in Asia, surpassing its previous status as the highest in South Asia.

·       ADB Established : 1966

·       Headquarters : Manila, Philippines

·       President :MasatsuguAsakawa

·       Membership : 68 members, including 49 regional members (countries in Asia and the Pacific) and 19 non-regional members (countries outside the region)

 

18.      INDIA POST OPENS THIRD POST OFFICE IN ANTARCTICA

·       India Post opened its third post office in Antarctica.

·       The new post office was inaugurated at Bharati Station.

·       Almost four decades later, letters meant for Antarctica will now have a new PIN code, MH-1718.

·       The inauguration coincided with the 24th Foundation Day of the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), Goa.

·       The first post office was established in 1984 at DakshinGangotri, followed by another in 1990 at Maitri Station.

 

19.      JAN DHAN'S BALANCE RISES 18% TO RS 2.35 TRILLION IN FY24

·       Net cash accretion in no-frills Pradhan Mantri Jan DhanYojana (PMJDY) bank accounts rose to an all-time high of Rs 36,153 crore in 2023-24, which also showed that average cash deposits per account at a high of Rs 4,524.

·       As many as 33 million new PMJDY accounts were opened in FY24, taking the cumulative PMJDY accounts at 519.5 million.

 

20.      JOINT DIRECTOR OF CENTRAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION

·           Anurag Kumar, a senior Indian Police Service (IPS) officer, has been appointed to the position of Joint Director (JD) at the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

·       His tenure in this position is approved until February 24, 2027.

 

21.      INDIA RANKS NUMBER 10 IN CYBERCRIME

·           According to new research surveying cybercrime experts from around the world, India ranked 10th in cybercrime, with fraud involving people asking for advance fee payments as the most common type.

·           An international team of researchers has prepared a 'World Cyber Crime Index' which ranks nearly 100 countries.

·           Russia and Ukraine are highly technical cybercrime hubs

·           Nigerian cyber criminals are engaged in less technical forms of cybercrime.

·           Russia topped the list, and was followed by Ukraine, China, the US, Nigeria and Romania.

 

22.      1ST INDIAN TOURIST IN SPACE ON BLUE ORIGIN'S NS-25 MISSION

·           GopiThotakura, an entrepreneur and a pilot, is set to become the first Indian to venture into space as a tourist on Amazon founder Jeff Bezos's Blue Origin’s NS-25 mission.

·           Thotakura was chosen as one of the 6 crew members for the NS-25 mission, making him the first Indian space tourist.

·           He will be the 2nd Indian to venture into space after Indian Army's Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma in 1984.

·           Rakesh Sharma became the first Indian astronaut when he flew to the Soviet Union’s Salyut-7 space station in 1984 on a Soviet Soyuz T-11 rocket.

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DAILY GK 17-19 APRIL

 DAILY GK 17-19 APRIL

1.         INDIA’S 1ST LOCALLY-MADE ELECTRIC MINING TRUCK

·           Sany Heavy Industry India PrivateLimited (SANY India), a construction and mining equipment manufacturer, launched the SKT105E, India’s first locally manufactured fully electric opencast mining truck.

·           The truck has a unique electric propulsion system that ensures zero emissions and optimal performance while lowering the carbon footprint.

 

2.         WORLD’S BUSIEST AIRPORTS IN 2023: ACI

·           The Airports Council International (ACI) World released its report on the ‘Top 10 Busiest Airports Worldwide for 2023‘ with Delhi Airport (Indira Gandhi International Airport – IGIA) securing the 10th spot in 2023.

·           Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL), United States (US) regains title as world’s busiest with 104.65 million passengers in 2023

·           Airports Council International (ACI)Headquarters– Montreal, Canada

 

3.         DEPOSITS OF SENIOR CITIZENS SURGED BY 143%

·           As per the State Bank of India (SBI) Economic Research Department (ERD) report, the total amount of deposits in senior citizen accounts increased by 143% to Rs 34.367 lakh crore at the end of December 2023 from Rs 13.724 lakh crore in 2018.

·           The report revealed that senior citizens term deposit accounts increased by about 81% to around 7.4 crore in December 2023

·           The report estimated that at least 7.3 crore of these accounts have a balance of over Rs 15 lakh and fetching interest of 7.5% on these deposits.

·           The report showed that the average amount per senior citizen term deposit account surged by about 39% to Rs 4.63 lakh  by the end of December 2023

·           The report revealed that Government has collected around Rs 27,000 crore in taxes from senior citizens on the interest they earned on term deposit in FY24.

·           Government of India(GoI) has increased the threshold of TDS(Tax Deducted at Source) on deposits for senior citizens to Rs 50,000.

 

4.         NEW PM OF KUWAIT

·           Kuwait’s Emir, His Highness Sheikh Meshal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah has issued an Emiri decree appointing Kuwaiti Economist Sheikh Ahmad Abdullah Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah as Prime Minister (PM) of Kuwait 

 

5.         INDIAN ARMY CONDUCTS ATGM TRAINING EXERCISE

·           The Indian Army’s Trishakti Corps conducted a training exercise of Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) at a super-high altitude area of 17,000 feet in Sikkim.

·           The exercise was conducted with the aim of “Ek Missile Ek Tank” and highlighted the accuracy and effectiveness of the ATGM system in high-altitude environments.

 

6.         INDIA’S POPULATION EXPECTED TO HAVE TOUCHED 1.44 BILLION MARK

·           According to the report released by the United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFPA) State of the World Population, titled Interwoven Lives, Threads of Hope: Ending Inequalities in Sexual and Reproductive Health and RightsThe report revealed that India’s population is estimated to double in 77 years.

·           The report also stated that India is the global leader in terms of the population with an estimated population of 1.44 billion ahead of China at 1.425 billion.

·           The UNFPA report highlighted that an estimated 24% of India’s population is aged 0-14 while 17% lies within the range of 10-19 years.

·           The 10-24 years age segment is estimated to constitute 26%, with the 15-64 age group comprising of 68%.
UNFPA has been operating in India since 1974.

·           Executive Director – Natalia Kanem

·           Headquarters – New York, United States

·           Founded – 1969

 

7.         NIGERIA THE 1ST COUNTRY GLOBALLY TO LAUNCH MEN5CV MENINGITIS VACCINE

·           Nigeria has become the 1st country to launch a new vaccine called Men5CV, recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to protect people against 5 strains of the meningococcus (Neisseria meningitidis) bacteria (A, C, W, Y, and X), responsible for meningitis.

·           Men5CV potentially paving the way for the WHO’s goal of eliminating meningitis by 2030.

·           The new vaccine was a collaborative effort between PATH (formerly Program for Appropriate Technology in Health), and the Serum Institute of India(SII). 

 

8.         MONTE CARLO TENNIS MASTERS 2024

·           Greek tennis player StefanosTsitsipas won the Singles title at the Monte Carlo Masters 2024 by defeating Norway’s Casper Ruud.

·           SumitNagal, India’s emerging tennis player, defeated  MatteoArnaldi of Italy and became the 1st ever Indian to win a main draw match at the Monte Carlo Masters.

 

9.         WORLD HEMOPHILIA DAY 2024 – APRIL 17

·           World Hemophilia Day (WHD) is annually observed across the globe on 17 April to raise awareness about Hemophilia, an inherited bleeding disorder, and other bleeding disorders that prevent blood from clotting properly.

·           The theme of World Hemophilia Day 2024 is “Equitable access for all: recognizing all bleeding disorders”.

·           World Federation of Hemophilia (WFH) is a non-profit organisation dedicated to improving and sustaining care for people with inherited bleeding disorders around the world.

·           Headquarters– Quebec, Canada

·           Established in 1963

 

10.      NEW FDI LIMITS FOR SATELLITE RELATED ACTIVITIES UNDER FEMA

·           The Ministry of Finance notified the amendment to Foreign Exchange Management (Non-Debt Instruments Rules) Rules 2019 to operationalise the new foreign direct investment (FDI) limits for satellite-related activities.

·           The new rules will be known as Foreign Exchange Management (Non-Debt Instruments) (3rd Amendment) Rules, 2024.

·           Under the amended FDI Policy, 100% FDI is allowed in the space sector.

·           As per amended FDI policy, the satellite sub-sector has been categorized into three different activities with defined limits for foreign investment in each sector.

·           In manufacturing of components and systems or sub-systems for satellites, ground segment and user segment, up to 100% FDI is allowed under the automatic route.

·           In Satellites-Manufacturing and Operations; Satellite Data Products; and Ground Segment and User Segment up to 74% FDI is allowed under automatic route and FDI over 74% will require government approval.

·           InLaunch Vehicles and associated systems or sub-systems and Creation of Spaceports for launching and receiving spacecraft up to 49% FDI is allowed under automatic route and FDI over 49% will require government approval.

·           Automatic Route: Under automatic route, the non-resident or Indian company does not require nod of the Reserve Bank of India(RBI) or Government of India(GoI).

·           Sectors which come under automatic route are: medical devices, petroleum refining, pension, insurance etc.

·           Government Route: The Government’s approval is mandatory under Government route.

·           Sectors which come under government route category are: print media, multi-brand retail training, broadcasting content services etc.

·           Foreign Investment Facilitation Portal(FIFP): acts a single-window clearance and processes applications for FDI The applications for FDI is approved or rejected in consultation with the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade(DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce.

 

11.      UP’S 13 PRODUCTS GETS GI TAG

·           The Government of India’s (GoI) Geographical Indication Registry granted Geographical Indication (GI) tags to 13 new products of Uttar Pradesh (UP).

·           With this the total number of GI products from UP becomes 75. UP has retained its position as the state with most number of GI tagged products in India.

·           Tamil Nadu is the 2nd position with a total of 58 GI tagged products.

·           New GI tagsin Food Stuff to Banaras Tirangi Barfi, Banaras Lal Peda (Sweet), JaunpurImarti (Sweet).

·           New GI tags in Handi Crafts are Banaras Metal Casting Craft, LakhimpurKheriTharu Embroidery, Bareilly Furniture, Bareilly Zardoji Craft, Pilkhuwa Home Furnishing, BanarasiTabla (Musical Instrument), Banaras Shehnai (Musical Instrument), Banaras Mural Painting

·           New GI tags in Agriculture are ChiraigaonKaronda of Varanasi, Banaras Lal Bharwamirch (Red Pickel Chilli)

 

12.      ASIAN WRESTLING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2024

·           Indian wrestlers won a total of 9 medals (4 silver and 5 bronze) in the Asian Wrestling Championships (Seniors) 2024 held in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

·           The teams were ranked based on the points in each of three categories: men’s freestyle, Greco-Roman, and women’s wrestling.

·           India was ranked 11th in Greco-Roman;  7th in men’s freestyle and 4th in Women’s wrestling.

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