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Friday, August 18, 2023



1.       NIRF RANKING 2023

·         According to the 8th edition of India Rankings (India Ranking 2023), prepared by Ministry of Education (MoE) based on parameters defined by National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF), Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras (IITM), Chennai, Tamil Nadu(TN), has topped the list for the 5th consecutive time.

·         IITM madras is followed by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, Karnataka at 2nd and IIT Delhi at 3rd in overall category.

·         IIT Madras has also topped among the Engineering institutes for the 8th consecutive year.

·         IIT Madras is also ranked 2nd among research institutions and ranked 2nd best for Innovation.

·         In the university rankings, IISc Bengaluru retained its top position. Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI) secured the second and third spots, respectively

·         In the field of management, the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Ahmedabad secured the top spot

·         Featuring 13 categories, India Ranking 2023 of NIRF is the largest in its scope to date.

·         NIRF was approved by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) (now MoE) and launched on 29th September 2015.



·         The Malviya National Institute of Technology (MNIT) in Jaipur, Rajasthan and the National Dam Safety Authority (NDSA), Ministry of Jal Shakti (MoJS) had signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to establish India’s first-of-its-kind National Centre for Earthquake Safety of Dams which will focus on studying seismic hazards, developing new dams, and enhancing the protection of existing ones.

·         MoJS has recognised the National Centre for Disaster Mitigation and Management (NCDMM) of MNIT to be the National Center for Earthquake Safety of Dams and has approved a Financial Grant of Rs 30 crore for establishing and running the centre for the next 5 years.

·         It should be noted that the Dam Safety Act of 2021 recognized the issue of safety of major dams (beyond State boundaries) as a matter of national importance and priority. It oversees the maintenance and operation of specified dams to prevent disasters.

·         With over 5,500 dams in India, including 70 of national importance, the act addresses the risks they pose.


3.       RBI’S ANNUAL REPORT 2022-23

·         The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released its Annual Report 2022-23, a static report of the Central Board of Directors on the working of the RBI for the year ended March 31, 2023 (i.e. FY23) submitted to the Central Government in terms of Section 53(2) of the RBI Act, 1934.

·         According to the second advance estimates (SAE) of national income released by the National Statistical Office (NSO) the Indian economy is expected to have recorded a growth of 7.0% in real GDP in FY23 from 9.1% in FY22.

·         According to the RBI annual report, the Total Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows into India reached a three-year low of USD 46 billion in FY23 compared to USD 58.8 billion in FY22.

·         RBI’s balance sheet increased by 2.5% for the year ended March 31, 2023. While its income for the year increased by 47.06% to Rs 2.35 lakh crore, the expenditure increased by 14.05% to Rs 1.48 lakh crore.



·         Panjab University (Chandigarh) won the overall championship of the 3rd edition of the Khelo India University Games (KIUG 2022) held in Uttar Pradesh (UP)

·         Panjab University topped the medal tally of KIUG 2022 with a total of 69 medals (26 gold, 17 silver and 26 bronze).

·         Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab – 68 medals (24 gold, 27 silver and 17 bronze) and Jain University, Bengaluru, Karnataka – 32 medals (16 gold, 10 silver and 6 bronze medals) were ranked in 2nd and 3rd place.

·         Mascot: Jeetu, which represents the Barasingha (Rucervusduvaucelii), also called swamp deer, the state animal of UP.

·         Games Anthem: “Khelo India – Har Dil Mein Desh”, composed and sung by renowned singer Palash Sen.

·         The Torch: ‘Shakti’, the official torch of the Khelo India University Games.


5.       SPANISH GP 2023

·         Red Bull’s Max Verstappen (Belgian-Dutch racing driver) won the 2023 Spanish Grand Prix(GP), officially known as Formula 1 (F1) AWS Gran Premio de España 2023, in Catalonia, Spain.

·         He was followed by Mercedes’ Lewis Hamilton (British Racing Driver) at 2nd place


6.       DUBAI OPEN CHESS 2023

·         Indian chess grandmaster (GM) Aravindh Chithambaram of India wins the 23rd Dubai Open 2023  for the second consecutive year

·         He was followed by GM Javokhir Sindarov of Uzbekistan at 2nd, and GM Arjun Erigaisi (India) at 3rd.



·         Former American track and field athlete and National Football League (NFL) player, Jim Hines, the 1st man to run 100 meters in under 10 seconds, passed away at the age of 76.

·         In the 1968 Olympic Games held at México, Jim Hines again clocked a hand-timed 9.9 (electronically registered as 9.95 seconds), which also made him the first man to officially break 10 seconds on electronic timing and won his first Olympic gold.



·         The United Nations (UN)’s World Environment Day (WED) is annually observed across the globe on 5th June to highlight the significance of protecting the environment. The day also creates awareness about the efforts taken by various stakeholders across the globe to address environmental issues.

·         5th June 2023 marks the observance of the 50th World Environment Day.

·         The theme of the WED 2023 is “Solutions to Plastic Pollution”.

·         The WED 2023 is hosted by Côte d’Ivoire and supported by the Netherlands.

·         United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Headquarters– Nairobi, Kenya



·         National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH), has published its inaugural ‘Sustainability Report for FY 2021–22: Building A Sustainable Road Infrastructure’.

·         The Sustainability Report is prepared as per the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) guidelines and it will help attract ‘Green Finance’ for Infrastructure financing.  

·         NHAI has developed ‘Data Lake Tool’ for digitizing the highway network in India, enabling NHAI to manage the vast amount of data generated by its infrastructure effectively. 

·         NHAI has reduced direct emissions and fuel consumption by 18.44% and 9.49%, respectively, from FY 2019-20 till 2021-22. 

·         GHG emissions from energy consumption, operations, transport, and travel saw a decline of 9.7% in FY 2020-21 and 2% in FY 2021-22. 

·         More than 100 wildlife crossings were created in three years across 20 states as a measure for wildlife protection and conservation to reduce man-animal conflict. 

·         NHAI has undertaken plantation drives to develop eco-friendly national highways, planting around 2.74 crore saplings till 2021-22 to offset direct emissions from vehicles. 

·         HAI was set up under NHAI Act, 1988 under the administrative control of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH).

·         Maharashtra has the largest network of National Highways (13.4%) followed by Uttar Pradesh (8.9 %) and Rajasthan (7.8 %). 

·         The longest National Highway is NH44, which runs between Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir and Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu, covering a distance of 3,806 km (2,365 mi).



·         A memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed between Microsoft and the Directorate General of Training (DGT), Ministry of Skills Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE), to train 6000 students and 200 educators at government-led Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and National Skills Training Institutions (NSTIs).

·         Microsoft will offer a wide range of courses for the training including in Artificial Intelligence (AI), cloud computing, web development and cybersecurity skills.

·         This training is being conducted under the Cyber Shikshaa programme and will be expanded to students and educators at 10 NSTIs for women.



·         The Indian Navy and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully engaged an underwater target with an indigenously developed heavyweight Torpedo, named Varunastra.

·          ‘Varunastra’, the advanced Heavy-Weight anti-submarine Torpedo, was inducted by the Indian Navy in 2016 and is developed by the Indian Navy and the Naval Science and Technology Laboratory (NSTL) of DRDO and is manufactured by Bharat Dynamics Ltd (BDL).

·         ‘Varunastra’ is a ship launched, heavy weight, electrically-propelled anti-submarine torpedo capable of targeting quiet submarines, both in deep and shallow waters in an intense countermeasures environment.

·         ‘Varunastra’ can be fired from all Anti-submarine warfare (ASW) ships capable of firing heavyweight torpedoes.

·         Torpedo- is an underwater ranged weapon launched above or below the water surface, self-propelled towards a target, and with an explosive warhead designed to explode either on contact with or in proximity to the target.

·         Recent successful achievements of Indian Navy:



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