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Tuesday, December 26, 2023

DAILY GK 13-14 DEC

 DAILY GK 13-14 DEC

1.       UAE HOSTED THE 28TH UNFCCC COP

        The 28th edition of Conference of Parties (COP) of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in Dubai, UAE (United Arabs of Emirates).

        India is the 3rd highest emitter of Carbon Dioxide from Fossil Fuels.

        Global Climate Report declared 2023 as Hottest Year on Record

 

2.       VINBAX-2023: MILITARY EXERCISE BETWEEN INDIA & VEITNAM

        VINBAX-2023, the 4th edition of Joint Military Exercise is being held between India and Vietnam in Hanoi, Vietnam

        VINBAX, is an annual training exercise instituted in 2018 and the first edition was conducted at Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh (MP)(India).

 

3.       WORLD’S FIRST LIQUID OXYGEN-METHANE POWERED LAUNCH VEHICLE “ZHUQUE-2 Y-3”

        China-based private space technology firm, Land Space Technology Corporation, successfully launched the Zhuque-2 Y-3, the world’s first liquid oxygen-methane powered launch vehicle, carrying 3 satellites, from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, Inner Mongolia region, China.

        Land Space became the World’s first company to launch satellites using a rocket fuelled by Methane and liquid oxygen.

 

4.       FORMER PRESIDENT RAM NATH KOVIND LAUNCHES BOOK TITLED “NAYE BHARAT KA SAMVEDA” AUTHORED BY PM NARENDRA MODI

        Former(14th) President of India Ram NathKovind launched a book titled “Naye Bharat kaSamveda” in an event held in Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts(IGNCA), New Delhi, Delhi.

        The book was authored by Prime Minister (PM) NarendraModi.

        The book is a compilation of speeches of NarendraModi on the Indian Constitution.

        The book is published by PrabhatPrakashan Private Limited.

 

5.       INTERNATIONAL MOUNTAIN DAY 2023- DECEMBER 11

        The United Nations (UN) International Mountain Day is annually observed across the globe on 11 December to create awareness about the importance of mountains to life.

        The theme of International Mountain Day 2023 is “Restoring Mountain Ecosystems”.

        The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) is the coordinating agency for the preparation and animation of this celebration and it is mandated to lead observance globally.

 

6.       PUNJAB GOVT LAUNCHES ‘BHAGWANT MANN SARKAR, TUHADE DWAAR‘ SCHEME

        Government of Punjab launched “Bhagwant Mann Sarkar Tuhade Dwaar”, a state government scheme to deliver 43 citizen-centric services at people’s doorstep.

        The scheme will provide hassle-free and straight access to 43 critical Government to Citizen (G2C) services covering around 99% services offered by the Punjab government.

        The 43 services includes certificates of birth, marriage, death, income, residence, caste, rural area, border area, backward area, pension, payment of electricity bills and land demarcation.

        These services can be availed through the SewaKendras and through the dedicated helpline “1076” with effect from 10th December 2023.

        The doorstep service fee is Rs 120 per service (+Govt. fees + Facilitation Charges), and the appointment booking timing is 9AM to 5PM for 7 days a week.

 

7.       MOD TO BUY 70,000 MORE ASSAULT RIFLES FOR RS 800CR

        The Indian Ministry of Defence (MoD) has approved the purchase of 70,000 semi-automatic assault rifles for the Indian Army (IA) at a cost of Rs 800 crore, during a high-level MoD meeting.

        India and Russia made the joint production of AK 203 rifles at a factory in Amethi, Uttar Pradesh.

        Weighs 3.82 kg without the magazine, it has an effective kill range of 600 meters.

 

8.       INDIA’S FIRST BULLET TRAIN TERMINAL

        According to Union Minister AshwiniVaishnaw, Ministry of Railways (MoR), India’s first bullet train terminal is built at the Sabarmati Multimodal transport hub in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.

        The bullet train project is currently under construction and is expected to be completed in 2026.

        The bullet train is being constructed with technical and financial support from the Government of Japan.

 

9.       INDIA TECH 2023, INDIA 5TH IN GLOBAL RANKING

        Tracxn Technologies Ltd., a leading global market intelligence platform, released its ‘Tracxn Geo Annual Report: India Tech 2023,’ which reveals a notable 73% decline in funding for the Indian tech startup ecosystem in 2023, compared to USD 25 billion in 2022, making it the lowest-funded year in the last 5 years.

        India, with total funding of USD 7 billion (till 5 December 2023), has slipped from 4th place (in 2022 and 2021) to 5th place among the highest-funded geographies globally in the 3rd Quarter (Q3) of 2023.

        The top 4 highest-funded countries are the United States of America (USA), the United Kingdom (UK), China, and France respectively.

 

10.    74.1% OF INDIANS UNABLE TO AFFORD A HEALTHY DIET: FAO REPORT

        The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations(UN) launched a digital report on the 5th edition of Asia and the Pacific- Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition 2023: Statistics and Trends‘. As per it, 74.1% of Indians were unable to afford a healthy diet in 2021.  In 2020, it was 76.2%.

        The cost of a healthy diet was documented at 3.0 PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) dollars per person per day in 2021.

        SDG 2.1 is for Undernourishment and Food Insecurity

        SDG 2.2 is for Malnutrition

 

11.    SEBI ALLOWS BROKERS TO INVEST CLIENTS’ FUND IN OVERNIGHT MF SCHEME

        Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has allowed Stock Brokers (SBs) and Clearing Members (CMs) to park client funds in Mutual Fund Overnight Schemes (MFOS).

        Currently, they invest only in risk-free government securities.

        SEBI also suspended the registration of Religare Commodities, a brokerage firm, for its alleged involvement in illegal paired contracts on the National Spot Exchange Ltd (NSEL).

        SEBI- was established as a statutory body in 1992 and the provisions of the SEBI India Act, 1992 (15 of 1992) came into force on January 30, 1992.

        Chairperson– Madhabi Puri Buch

        Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra

 

12.    PRIME MINISTER OF POLAND

        Donald Tusk, leader of Civic Coalition, was elected as the Prime Minister (PM) of  Poland by winning a vote of confidence in parliament on 11th December 2023.

        He takes oath as PM at the presidential palace by Poland’s President Andrzej Duda.

        Poland:Capital– Warsaw

 

13.    GUINEA-BISSAU PRIME MINISTER

        President of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, Umaro Sissoco Embalo issued the decree reappointing Geraldo João Martins as Prime Minister(PM) to the Government of  Guinea-Bissau.

        He belongs to the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) party since 2018.

        Guinea-Bissau:Capital – Bissau

 

14.    19TH CM OF MADHYA PRADESH

        Mohan Yadav, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) legislature party leader was sworn in as the 19th Chief Minister (CM) of Madhya Pradesh (MP).

        BJP legislators Rajendra Shukla and Jagdish Devda were sworn in as the Deputy Chief Ministers.

        Mohan Yadav replaced Shivraj Singh Chouhan who served as the CM of MP for a record 4 terms of more than 16 years and 5 months in office.

 

15.    RUSSIAN UNVEILS 2 NEW NUCLEAR-POWERED SUBMARINES

        Russian President Vladimir Putin unveiled 2 newly built nuclear-powered submarines namely the “Krasnoyarsk” and “Emperor Alexander III,” at the Sevmash shipyard in Severodvinsk in Russia’s north western Archangelsk region.

        The Krasnoyarsk: is a nuclear-powered submarine of the new Yasen (Ash Tree) class of multi-purpose submarines equipped with long-range, high-precision missiles.

        The Emperor Alexander III is the 7th Borei (Arctic Wind)-class atomic-powered submarine to enter service.

 

16.    INDIAN NAVY’S SUBMARINE DAY 2023- DECEMBER 8

        Indian Navy annually observes Submarine Day on 8 December to commemorate the induction of the Indian Navy’s 1st submarine, the erstwhile Indian Naval Ship (INS) Kalvari (a Soviet Foxtrot Class submarine) on 08 December 1967.

        Kalvari is the Malayalam name for Tiger Shark, a predator in the Indian Ocean.

        Chief of the Naval Staff (CNS)- Admiral R. Hari Kumar

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