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Tuesday, February 13, 2024

DAILY GK 1-2-3 FEB

 DAILY GK 1-2-3 FEB 

1.       UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE LIST

·         India has nominated the ‘Maratha Military Landscapes’, a network of 12 forts across Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu(TN) for inclusion in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)World Heritage list for 2024-25 under the category of ‘Cultural Sites’. 

·         The 12 components under this nomination are forts of Salher, Shivneri, Lohagad, Khanderi, Raigad, Rajgad, Pratapgad, Suvarnadurg, Panhala, Vijaydurg and Sindhudurg in Maharashtra and Gingee Fort in Tamil Nadu.

·         UNESCO Director-General – Audrey Azoulay,Headquarters – Paris, France,Establishment – 1945 (came into force in 1946)

 

2.       REPORT ON ‘THE STATUS OF SNOW LEOPARDS IN INDIA’

·         Union Minister of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC), ShriBhupenderYadav released the report on the Status of Snow leopards in India during the National Board for Wildlife meeting held in New Delhi.

·         The Snow Leopard Population Assessment in India (SPAI) Program is a first-ever scientific study that reported the population of snow leopards.

·         The exercise reported 718 snow leopards in India .

·         It was conducted from 2019 to 2023.

 

3.       AMIT SHAH LAUNCHES COMPUTERISATION OF ARDBS, RCS OFFICES

·         Union Minister, Amit Shah, Ministry of Cooperation (MoC), launched the computerisation scheme for the offices of Agriculture and Rural Development Banks (ARDBs) and the Registrar of Cooperative Societies (RCSs) of all States and Union Territories (UTs) in New Delhi, Delhi.

·         This will increase the operational efficiency, accountability and transparency in ARDB by standardizing business procedures through Common Accounting System (CAS) and Management Information System (MIS).

·         The programmes were launched at an estimated cost of Rs.225 crore..

 

4.       CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX 2023

·         The Transparency International released its 2023 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) in which India ranked 93out of 180 countries with an overall score of 39.

·         India’s score was 40 in 2022 with 85th rank.

·         The CPI 2023 was topped by Denmark with a score of 90 followed by Finland with a score of 87 and New Zealand with a score of 85.

·         India’s score and rank is shared by Kazakhstan, Lesotho, and Maldives.

·         Transparency International:It is a global coalition against corruption,Headquarters– Berlin, Germany

 

5.       IMF Upgrades India GDP Growth Forecast to 6.5% for 2024

·         The International Monetary Fund (IMF) released its ‘January 2024 World Economic Outlook update-Moderating Inflation and Steady Growth Open Path to Soft Landing‘ stating India’s expected Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to grow by 6.7% in 2023, stating a 40 basis point increase from the 6.3% forecast made in October 2023.

·         India’s GDP growth is seen steady at 6.5% for 2024 & 2025,

·         The IMF forecasted global growth of 3.1% in 2023 and 2024, and it also changes the global growth to 3.2% in 2025.

·         The Global headline inflation is expected to from an estimated 6.8%in 2023 (annual average) to 5.8% in 2024 and 4.4% in 2025.

·         Growth in Asia region is expected to decline from an estimated 5.4% in 2023 to 5.2% in 2024 and it will be 4.8% in 2025.

 

6.       4 MEMBERS TO 16TH FINANCE COMMISSION APPOINTED

·         President Droupadi Murmu appointed 4 members (3 full-time members and a part-time member) to the 16th Finance Commission (FC), a constitutional bodyresponsible for recommending the distribution of federal taxes among states.

·         Members: Ajay Narayan Jha, Annie George Mathew,Niranjan Rajadhyaksha,Soumya Kanti Ghosh

 

7.       NEW TRAI CHAIRMAN

·         Appointment Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has approved the appointment of former railway board chairman and chief executive officer(CEO) Anil Kumar Lahoti as the 9th Chairman of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) for 3 years or until the age of 65 years.

·         TRAI is a statutory body that regulates the telecommunications sector in India.

·         Headquarter-New Delhi, Delhi,Established in 1997

 

8.       SHAHEED DIVAS OR MARTYRS’ DAY 2024 – JANUARY 30

·         Martyrs’ Day, also known as Sarvodaya Day or Shaheed Diwas, is annually observed across India on January 30 to commemorate those who sacrificed their lives in the line of duty to the nation.

·         The day also marks the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, who was considered the “Father of the Nation”.

·         30th January 2024 marks the 76th death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

 

9.       FRENCH PRESIDENT VISIT TO INDIA

·         Emmanuel Macron, President of France, paid a State Visit to India as the Chief Guest for the 75th Republic Day of India at the invitation of NarendraModi, Prime Minister of India..

·         This is also the 6th visit by a French leader as Guest of honour for India’s Republic Day.

·         PM Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron adopted the Roadmap for Defence Industrial Partnership for collaboration in co-design, co-development and co-production of military hardware and space cooperation.

·         TATA Advanced Systems Limited (TASL) and Airbus Helicopters signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to set up a final assembly line (FAL) for H125 helicopters in India with a significant indigenous and localisation component.

·         France: Prime Minister– Gabriel Attal,Capital– Paris,Currency– Euro

 

10.    MOE RELEASED AISHE 2021-22

·         Department of Higher Education under the Ministry of Education (MoE) released the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2021-22.

·         In 2021-22, GER in Higher Education for the age group 18-23 years in India increased to 28.4 from 27.3 in 2020-21 and 23.7 in the base year 2014-15.

·         The States/UTs with the highest Gross Enrolment Ratio(GER) are Chandigarh (64.8), Puducherry (61.5), Delhi (49), Tamil Nadu(TN) (47), Himachal Pradesh (43.1), Uttarakhand (41.8), Kerala (41.3) and Telangana (40).

·         As per the survey, Uttar Pradesh (UP) has become the state with the highest number of colleges in India. The number of colleges in UP increased from  8,114 to 8,375 in 2021-22.

 

11.    5 INDIAN WETLANDS INCLUDED IN RAMSAR SITES

·         Union Minister BhupenderYadav, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change(MoEFCC) announced that 5 wetlands from India (3 from Karnataka and 2 from Tamil Nadu-TN) were designated as RAMSAR Sites – Wetlands of International importance.

·         Total number of RAMSAR sites in India has increased from 75 to 80.

·         5 New RAMSAR sites are Magadi Kere Conservation Reserve; Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve; and Aghanashini Estuary in Karnataka; and Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary; and Longwood Shola Reserve Forest in TN.

 

12.    RBI REVISES NORMS FOR UCBS INCLUSION RBI ACT, 1934

·         The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has revised the eligibility norms for the inclusion of Urban Co-operative Banks (UCBs) in the Second Schedule to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Act, 1934.  

·         RBI has issued Guidelines on import of gold by Tariff Rate Quota (TRQ) holders under the India-United Arab Emirates (UAE) Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) as notified by the International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA).

·         RBI in exercise of its powers under section 35A of the Banking Regulation (BR) Act, 1949, directed Paytm Payments Bank Ltd (PPBL or the bank) to stop onboarding of new customers with immediate effect.

·         RBI Governor – Shaktikanta Das, Deputy Governors – Swaminathan Janakiraman, Michael Debabrata Patra, M. RajeshwarRao, T. Rabi Sankar

·         Establishment– 1st April 1935,Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra        

 

13.    TABLEAUX AWARDS FOR REPUBLIC DAY PARADE 2024

·         Ajay Bhatt, Minister of State (MoS), Ministry of Defence honoured the best marching contingents and tableaux awards for the Republic Day (R-DayParade 2024.

·         A total of 25 tableaux – 16 States and Union Territories (UTs) and 9 Ministries/Departments participated in the 75th R-Day Parade 2024 at Kartavya Path.

 

14.    17TH KING OF MALAYSIA

·         Royal Highness (HRH) Sultan Ibrahim ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar (Sultan Ibrahim), the Ruler of the southern Malaysian state of Johor, was sworn in as the 17th King of Malaysia, also known as Yang di-Pertuan Agong (YDPA) XVII.

·         He succeeded Al-Sultan Abdullah ibni Sultan Ahmad Shah (16th King), Ruler of Pahang state

·         Malaysia: Prime Minister – Anwar Ibrahim,Capital – Kuala LumpurCurrency – Malaysian Ringgit

 

15.    TATA Steel Chess 2024

·         Grandmaster (GM)Wei Yi of China won his first master title by defeating GM Gukesh D of India in the finals of the 86th edition of the Tata Steel Chess Tournament (2024) held in Wijkaan Zee, The Netherlands.

·         GM Leon Luke Mendonca (India) won the Challengers title by defeating International Master (IM) DivyaDeshmukh (India) in the final round.

·         The Tata Steel Chess Tournament, “Wimbledon of Chess”, is the first super-tournament of the year 2024.
GM Rameshbabu Praggnanandhaa becomes India’s No. 1 chess player Surpasses Viswanathan Anand.

 

16.    INDIAN COAST GUARD DAY 2024 – 1ST FEBRUARY

·         Indian Coast Guard (ICG) Day is annualy observed across India on 1st February to mark the Raising Day of ICG, India’s maritime armed force operating under the Ministry of Defence.

·         Director General Indian Coast Guard (DGICG)- Rakesh Pal, PTM, TM Headquarters– New Delhi, Delhi

·         Motto– VayamRakshamah (We Protect)

 

17.    CJ OF KARNATAKA HIGH COURT

·         Justice PS Dinesh Kumar was appointed Chief Justice(CJ) of the Karnataka High Court (HC).

·         The appointment was made by the President of India, Droupadi Murmu, in the exercise of the power conferred by clause (1) of Article 217 of the Constitution of India.

 

18.    NGEL - MAHARASHTRA GOVT. TO DEVELOP GREEN HYDROGEN

·         NTPC Green Energy Limited (NGEL), a wholly owned subsidiary of NTPC Limited, and the Government of Maharashtra have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the development of Green Hydrogen and its derivatives projects, including Green Ammonia & Green Methanol.

·         The projects with a capacity of up to 1 million tons per annum will be developed at an investment of around Rs 80000 crores.

 

19.    GRSE & ROLLS-ROYCE TO PRODUCE MTU SERIES 4000 MARINE ENGINES

·         Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE) and Rolls-Royce Plc signed a Frame and Individual License agreement for the license production and localisation of the Motoren- und Turbinen-Union (MTU) International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Tier II compliant Series 4000 marine engines to power government ships.

·         GRSE is a Kolkata (West Bengal)-based Warship building company and Rolls-Royce is a British luxury automobile maker.

·         Rolls-Royce Plc also has entered into a 7-year agreement with Azad Engineering in Hyderabad (Telangana) to produce and supply complex components intended for their defence/military aircraft engines.

 

20.    PRESIDENT OF ASIAN CRICKET COUNIL

·         Jay ShahSecretary of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), was reappointed as the President of the Asian Cricket Council (ACC) for the 3rd consecutive term.

·         In 2021, he became the yougnest administrator to take charge as the President of ACC.

·         ACC included the Japan Cricket Association (Japan) and Persutan Cricket Indonesia (Indonesia) as new Members, following a rigorous multi-stage evaluation process at the AGM.

 

21.    KHELO INDIA YOUTH GAMES 2023

·         The 6th edition of Khelo India Youth Games (KIYG) 2023 hosted by Tamil Nadu

·         Maharashtra topped the medal tally of KIYG 2023 with 158 medals (57 gold, 48 silver, 53 bronze) and won the overall championship trophy.

·         Tamil Nadu and Haryana were ranked 2nd and 3rd, respectively, with 98 medals (38 gold, 21 silver, and 39 bronze) and 103 medals (35 gold, 22 silver, and 46 bronze).Mascot – Veeramangai

 

22.    FIH HOCKEY 5S WOMEN’S WORLD CUP

·         The Indian women’s hockey team finished as runner-up (Silver Medal) at the FIH Hockey 5s Women’s World Cup 2024 after losing to the Netherlands in the final.

·         The Netherlands men’s hockey team won the FIH Hockey 5s men’s World Cup 2024 title (Gold) by defeating Malaysia (Silver) in the finals.

·         The Indian men’s hockey team finished in fifth place at the FIH Hockey 5s Men’s World Cup 2024 after they defeated Egypt in the match held for 5th and 6th positions.

·         FIH President – TayyabIkramHeadquarters – Lausanne, Switzerland

 

23.    WORLD WETLANDS DAY 2024- FEBRUARY 2

·         The United Nations (UNWorld Wetlands Day is annually observed across the globe on 2 February to raise awareness about the vital role of wetlands, a critically important ecosystem for people and the planet.

·         The Day also marks the date of adopting the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (“Ramsar Convention“), an intergovernmental treaty adopted on 2 February 1971, in the Iranian city of Ramsar on the shores of the Caspian Sea.

·         The 2024 theme of World Wetlands Day is, ‘Wetlands and Human Wellbeing.’

·         The Ramsar Convention Secretariat is based at the headquarters of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in Gland, Switzerland.

 

24.    NEW CHAIRMAN OF AEPC

·         ShriSudhirSekhri, an Apparel industry veteran, has taken over as the new Chairman of Apparel Export Promotion Council (AEPC).

·         He stated that ‘Our target to reach 40 billion USD of RMG export by 2030 can be a reality

 

25.    INDIAN NEWSPAPER DAY-JANUARY 29

·         Indian Newspaper Day is a day to commemorate the birth of newspapers in India.

·         Indian Newspaper Day commemorates the birth of the first Indian Newspaper on January 29, 1780. 

·         The ‘Hickey’s Bengal Gazette’, which was also known as the ‘Calcutta General Advertiser’, was the first weekly newspaper.

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