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Thursday, April 11, 2024

DAILY GK 5-6 APRIL

 DAILY GK 5-6 APRIL

1.         FORBES WORLD’S BILLIONAIRES LIST 2024

·           Bernard Arnault (France), Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of LVMH Mo√ęt Hennessy Louis Vuitton (LVMH)   topped the list with a net worth of USD 233 Billion.

·           He is followed by Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla Motors with a net worth of USD 195 Billion and Jeff Bezos, founder & Former CEO of Amazon with USD 194 Billion at 3rd place.

·           Mukesh Ambani, Chairman And Managing Director(CMD) of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), ranked 9th globally with a net worth of USD 116 Billion, becomes the richest man in India. 

·           He also became the first Asian to break into the USD 100 billion club.

·           Forbes is a global media company, focusing on business, investing, technology, entrepreneurship, leadership, and lifestyle.
Headquarters– New Jersey, USA

 

2.         PRIME MINISTER OF SENEGAL

·           The Senegal President Bassirou Diomaye Faye appointed Ousmane Sonko as the Prime Minister(PM) of Senegal in his first act as President.

·           Sonko was the opponent of former President Macky Sall in the March 2024 presidential contest but he was disqualified due to a defamation conviction.

·           Bassirou Diomaye Faye was newly appointed as the President of Senegal on April 2 2024.

 

3.         INDIA’S 1ST INDIGENOUS CAR-T CELL THERAPY

·           President of India Droupadi Murmu launched India‘s first home-grown Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy namely ‘NexCAR19 (Actalycabtagene autoleucel)’ for cancer treatment during the event held at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

·           India is now one of the first developing countries to have its indigenous CAR-T and gene therapy platform.

·           It developed through collaboration between IIT, Bombay and Tata Memorial Hospital (TMC), Mumbai in association with industry partner Immunoadoptive Cell Therapy Private Limited (ImmunoACT).

·           CAR T-cell therapies utilize laboratory modifications of a person’s T cells to selectively target and destroy cancer cells, primarily focusing on blood cancers.

·           T-cells are special cells (white blood cells that find and fight illness and infection) whose primary function is cytotoxic, meaning it can kill other cells.

 

4.         SAGAR KAVACH 01/24: COASTAL SECURITY EXERCISE

·           Sagar Kavach 01/24, a two-day coastal security exercise involving all maritime security agencies was conducted in the Union Territory (UT) of Lakshadweep 

·           The assets of the Indian Navy(IN), Indian Coast Guard(ICG), Marine Police, Fisheries, Customs and other security agencies were involved in the exercise.

 

5.         BEST PLACES IN THE WORLD TO CONDUCT BUSINESS:

·           The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) released its Business Environment Rankings (BER) 2024, assessing 82 countries across 91 crucial indicators across 11 categories to determine the best places for conducting business.

·           Singapore retains its top position for the 16th consecutive year, followed by Denmark and the United States (US) at 2nd and 3rd place respectively

·           India ranked 51 in the list with a score of 1.08.

·           Greece, Qatar, and India have made significant strides in providing favorable business environments globally.

·           India ranks third among the most improved business environments globally, projecting strong economic growth and heightened foreign investment.

·           Vietnam, Thailand, Belgium, Sweden, India, and Costa Rica are notable improvers.

·           China, Bahrain, Chile, and Slovakia have experienced notable declines in their business environments.

 

6.         INDIA TO LOSE 5.8% OF DAILY WORKING HOURS AMID HEAT STRESS IN 2030

·           United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) released a report titled “Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2024: Boosting affordable and longer-term financing for Governments”.

·           India is expected to lose approximately 5.8% of daily working hours due to increasing temperatures by 2030.

·           The report mentioned that climate change may lead to larger agricultural subsidies, as farm subsidies account for 20% of total farm incomes in India.

·           UNESCAP  is one of the 5 regional commissions of United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

·           Headquarters: Bangkok, Thailand

·           Established: 1947

·           Members – 53 members and 9 associate members

 

7.         RAKESH MOHAN, APPOINTED TO WBG’S ECONOMIC ADVISORY PANEL

·           World Bank has appointed Rakesh Mohan, Former Deputy Governor (DG) of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) as a member in Economic Advisory Panel of World Bank Group (WBG).

·           Nicholas Stern, IG Patel Professor of Economics and Government at the London School of Economics, United Kingdom (U.K.) will be the chairman of Economic Advisory Panel of WBG

·           Indermit Gill, Chief Economist of the World Bank Group (WBG) and Senior President for Development Economics will co-chair the panel

 

8.         NEW GENERATION BALLISTIC MISSILE “AGNI-PRIME”

·           Strategic Forces Command (SFC) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)successfully conducted the flight test of the New Generation Ballistic missile Agni-Prime (Agni-P) from Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha.

·           Agni-Prime (Agni-P) is a two-stage surface-to-surface, canisterised solid propellant ballistic missile.

·           It has a range between 1000km to 2000km.

·           It is the 6th variant of Agni series missiles developed under Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).

·           The Agni-Prime missile is 10.5 metre (m) tall with diameter of 1.2 metre and can carry warheads up to 1.5 tonnes.

·           DRDO  is the Research and Development (R&D) wing of Ministry of Defence (MoD).

·           Chairman: Dr. Samir Vankatpati Kamat

·           Headquarter: New Delhi, Delhi

 

9.         INDIAN ARMY'S AKASHTEER CONTROL & REPORTING SYSTEMS

·           The Indian Army has commenced the induction of the indigenous ‘Akashteer Command and Control Systems’ to enhance its air defence capabilities. this will enable the Indian Army’s defence units to operate in an integrated manner.

·           The project was developed by Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) under the Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative.

·           The initial batch of Control Centers was rolled out from BEL Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh(UP)

 

10.      MIRABAI CHANU QUALIFY FOR PARIS OLYMPICS

·           Saikhom Mirabai Chanu became the only Indian weightlifter to qualify for the Paris Olympics 2024 after finishing third in Group B of the women’s 49kg division and 12th overall with a total lift of 184kg (81kg snatch + 103kg clean and jerk) at the International Weightlifting Federation (IWF) World Cup 2024.

·           The 2024 IWF World Cup is being held in Phuket, Thailand.

·           The 2024 IWF World Cup is one of the two compulsory competitions to qualify for the Paris Olympics, another is the IWF World Weightlifting Championships 2023 that was held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

 

11.      IWF WORLD CUP 2024

·           Indian weightlifter Bindyarani Devi Sorokhaibam won a bronze medal in the non-Olympic women’s 55kg category at the IWF World Cup 2024.

·           Kang Hyon Gyong(Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) won the gold medal while Mihaela Cambei (Romania) won the silver medal.

 

12.      61ST NATIONAL MARITIME DAY – APRIL 5 2024

·           National Maritime Day (NMD) is annually observed across India on 5 April to highlight the significance of the national maritime sector in the development of the Indian economy, global trade, and economic exchange across countries.

·           The day also commemorates the maiden voyage of  SS Loyalty, India’s first Swadeshi Ship(owned by Scindia Steam Navigation Company) from Mumbai (Maharashtra) to London (United Kingdom) on 5th April 1919.

·           The theme of National Maritime Day/Merchant Navy Week 2024 is “Sustainable Shipping: Challenges and Opportunities.”

 

13.      CMD LEADERSHIP AWARD

·           Sanjai Kumar, CMD/RailTel, has been conferred with CMD Leadership Award in the 10th Edition of Governance Now PSU  Conference and Awards.

·           Under his adept guidance, the company has charted an upward growth trajectory, achieving notable milestones like recording the highest ever total income of Rs. 2002 cr in FY 23

 

14.      GEEF GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT AWARD 2024

·           NLC India Ltd (NLCIL) has bagged the GEEF Global Environment Award 2024 in the mining category during the Global Clean Energy Summit - 2024 held in New Delhi

·           NLCIL won the award for its efforts in sustainable development initiatives

 

15.      TIMES POWER ICON 2024 AWARD

·           Vijay Jain, Managing Director of Star Estate, was adjudged the prestigious Times Power Icon 2024 Award.

·           The award ceremony, held recently in Noida, was organized by The Times Group.

 

16.      cVIGIL APP

·           The cVIGIL app of the Election Commission of India is an tool to flag election code violations.

·           Since the announcement of General Elections 2024, over 79,000 complaints have been received.

·           Over 99% of complaints have been resolved and close to 89% of these complaints have been resolved within 100 minutes.

·           Users capture audios, photos or videos in real-time, and a “100-minute” countdown for time-bound response to complaints is ensured.

 

17.      SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC MANUFACTURING CAPACITY IN 2023

·           According to a report by Mercom, India has added a whopping 24 GW of solar module and cell capacity in 2023.

·           Gujarat led the total new capacity addition followed by Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.

·           During the calendar year, the country added 20.8 GW of solar modules and 3.2 GW of solar cell capacity

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