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Wednesday, July 21, 2021

DAILY GK: 21 , 22 JULY 2021

 DAILY GK: 21 , 22 JULY 2021

1.INDIA’S 1ST GREEN HYDROGEN PLANT

      Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) is set to build India’s 1st ‘Green Hydrogen’ plant at Mathura refinery, Uttar Pradesh (UP).

      Through this, it aims to cater to the growing demand for cleaner forms of energy.

      It will be India’s 1st Green Hydrogen Unit.

      Previous projects have been announced to produce ‘green hydrogen’ using fossil fuels such as natural gas.

 

2.INDO-NEPAL TRIAL MOVEMENT OF 1ST TRAIN

      First rail section between India and Nepal i.e. Jaynagar – Kurtha Railway link saw the successful trial movement of high-speed train between India’s Jaynagar Madhubani district of Bihar and Nepal’s Kurtha in Mahottari district.

      It has been set up by IRCON (Indian Railway Construction Limited) under India – Nepal friendship rail project and is financed by the Indian government.

 

3.IMPLEMENTATION OF BLOCKCHAIN-POWERED EDUCATIONAL DOCUMENTS

      The government of Maharashtra, with the help of LegitDoc, a block chain startup, plans to implement the world’s largest block chain-powered educational credentialing system by issuing tamper-proof digital diploma certificates under the block chain system.

      Through such initiative, the Govt of Maharashtra became the 1st state in India to implement a block chain-based educational document registry, and around the globe, India (Maharashtra Government) became the 4th country to achieve such registry after Malta, Singapore, and Bahrain.

 

4.‘INDIAN INSTITUTE OF HERITAGE’

      The Central Government has decided to set up a world class Indian Institute of Heritage at Noida, Gautam Buddha Nagar (Uttar Pradesh) to focus on conservation and research in India’s tangible heritage.

      It was informed by Union Minister Gangapuram Kishan Reddy, Ministry of culture in a written reply in the LokSabha.

      This will be a standalone institution of its type in India.

 

5.1ST IN INDIA TO MAKE PAYMENTS FROM FD A/C

      Paytm enabled its Paytm Payments Bank‘s (PPB) customers to make instant payments across online platforms through its all-in-one payment gateway using balances available in their Fixed Deposit (FD) account, which is held with IndusInd Bank, the partner bank of Paytm.

      PPB enables its customers to open FD accounts with Indus Ind Bank and it also allows its customers to redeem the FD from Indus Ind Bank into a PPB account in real-time.

 

6.DRDO DEVELOPS INDIGENOUS TITANIUM ALLOY

      Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL), a lab of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed an Indigenous High Strength Metastable Beta Titanium Alloy.

      It will be useful in manufacturing intricate components for aerospace applications.

      The beta titanium alloy has higher strength, ductility, fatigue, and fracture toughness – making them increasingly attractive for aircraft structural applications.

 

7.BANK NATIONALISATION DAY 2021 – JULY 19

      The Bank Nationalisation Day is annually observed across India on 19th July to commemorates the issuance of the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Ordinance, 1969 on 19th July 1969, that nationalised 14 major banks in India with a deposit of more than Rs 50 crores each.

      19th July 2021 marks the 52nd Anniversary of Bank Nationalisation.

      The government led by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi issued the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Ordinance, 1969 on 19th July 1969 to nationalise the 14 major banks which accounted for 85% of bank deposits in India, at that time.

 

8.NOMENCLATURE COMMON HIGH COURT OF J&K

      In accordance with the Department of Justice in the Ministry of Law and Justice (MoL&J), the nomenclature ‘Common High Court of UT of Jammu and Kashmir and UT of Ladakh’ substituted with ‘High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh’.

      The HC is located in Srinagar.

      This change has been done after the signing of Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Removal of Difficulties) Order, 2021 by the President of India, Ram NathKovind.

 

9.1ST INDIAN COURT TO ALLOW PUBLIC VIEWING OF PROCEEDINGS

      The High Court (HC) of Gujarat became the first court of India to formally start live streaming of proceedings on its YouTube channel to ensure transparency and openness in the Indian judiciary.

      It was launched on the eve of the 101st birth anniversary of Late Former CJI (16th) Y.V. Chandrachud by the Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana.

      The CJI, who was the chief guest of online inaugural function, also released the Gujarat High Court (Live Streaming of Court Proceedings) Rules, 2021.

 

10.ARIEL HENRY APPOINTED AS THE PRIME MINISTER OF HAITI

      Ariel Henry a member of the political party Inite, was appointed as the new Prime Minister(PM) of Haiti.

      He took over the charge from the incumbent PM Claude Joseph.

      He was sworn in as the new PM at the ceremony held in the Port-Au-Prince, capital of Haiti.

 

11.RUSSIA SUCCESSFULLY TESTS S-500 AIR DEFENCE MISSILE SYSTEM

      Russia successfully test-fired its new S-500 Air Defence Missile Systems in a Kapustin Yar Training ground, Russia.

      The missile, considered as the most advanced anti-missile system, successfully hit a high-speed ballistic target.

      S-400 Triumf is a Long-range Surface-to-Air Missile Defence System.

      It is an interceptor-based missile system which can destroy incoming hostile aircraft, missiles, and drones at ranges of up to 600 kms.

      It is manufactured by Almaz-Antey (Russian State-owned company).

 

12.BDL FLAGS OFF 1ST MRSAM MISSILE FOR DELIVERY TO IAF

      Bharat Dynamic Ltd (BDL) officially started the delivery of the 1st Missile of the 1st Firing unit of Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MRSAM) for delivery to the Indian Air Force (IAF).

      It was flagged off by MSR Prasad, Director General (Missiles & Strategic Systems) of BDL.

      It has been jointly developed by Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) & Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI).

      MRSAM is manufactured by Bharat Dynamics Ltd (BDL).

 

13.WORLD’S FASTEST GROUND VEHICLE

      China has unveiled a new Maglev transportation system, which is capable of achieving a maximum speed of 600 kph or 372 mph, in Qingdao, the coastal city in Shandong province of China.

      The Maglev train developed by China and manufactured in Qingdao is reported to be the world’s fastest ground vehicle available.

      This is China’s latest scientific and technological achievement in the field of rail transit.

 

14.‘NEW SHEPARD’ COMPLETES 1ST HUMAN PASSENGER FLIGHT

      ‘New Shepard’ Rocket System built by Blue Origin (a Company owned by Amazon’s Founder, Jeff Bezos) successfully completed its 1st human spaceflight with 4 people on board. 

      It was launched from a private launch site near Van Horn, Texas.

      The 4 members in the spaceflight were Jeff Bezos, Mark Bezos, Wally Funk (82 years, oldest to ever fly in space) & Oliver Daemen (18 years, youngest ever to fly in space).

      July 20 marks the 52nd anniversary of Neil Armstrong & Buzz Aldrin’s moon landing (on Apollo 11).

 

15.SPACE EXPLORATION DAY 2021

      Space Exploration Day also known as Moon Day is annually observed across the globe on 20th July marks the anniversary of America’s Apollo 11, the first manned mission to land on the Moon.

      The day aims to encourage people to learn about space exploration and to inspire the youths to consider space science and space exploration as careers.

 

16.‘ONE BLOCK, ONE PRODUCT’ SCHEME OF HARYANA

      The State Government of Haryana is all set to launch the ‘One Block, One Product’ scheme to encourage and promote small industries in the rural areas.

      It was announced by the state’s Deputy Chief Minister (CM) Dushyant Chautala.

      It will be introduced in 137 blocks of the state under which every block will be connected with some industry.

      The arrangements for common services, lab testing, packaging, transportation, accountancy will be set up in the cluster itself.

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