Wednesday, January 31, 2024

DAILY GK 26-27 JAN

 DAILY GK 26-27 JAN 

1.         EX DESERT KNIGHT: TRILATERAL AIR FORCE EXERCISE

·           Exercise Desert Knight”, a Trilateral Air Force Exercise, was conducted between the Indian Air Force (IAF) along with the French Air and Space Force (FASF) and the United Arab Emirates (UAEAir Force . The joint exercise was hosted at the Al Dhafra air base in the UAE.

·           The aircraft of the French and the UAE air forces operated from the Al Dhafra air base in the UAE.

·           IAF aircraft operated from several bases situated within India.

·           FIR: All airspace worldwide is divided into FIRs and each of them is managed by a controlling authority. FIR’s primary responsibility is to ensure the provision of air traffic services within its designated area.

 

2.         MOD CONTRACT WITH MDL FOR THE PROCUREMENT OF 14 FPVS

·           The Ministry of Defence (MoD) signed a contract worth Rs. 1070 crore with Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL – functioning under MoD) for the acquisition of 14 Fast Patrol Vessels (FPVs) for the Indian Coast Guard (ICG).

·           The vessels will be equipped with multipurpose drones, wirelessly controlled remote water rescue craft lifebuoy and Artificial intelligence (AI) capability etc.

·           MDL is a Government Company under section 2(45) of the Companies Act, 2013 under administrative control of the MoD.

·           Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra

 

3.         UGANDA HOSTS G77 + CHINA THIRD SOUTH SUMMIT

·           V.Muraleedharan, Minister of State, Ministry of External Affairs represented India and addressed at the Plenary session of the Group of 77 +China (G-77+China) Third South Summit, held in KampalaUganda .

·           The theme of (G-77+China) Third South Summit was, “Leaving No One Behind.”

·           The third South Summit was hosted by the Republic of Uganda, under the Chairmanship of H.E. President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni.

 

4.         RBI REPORT: PANCHAYATS NEED TO INCREASE OWN REVENUES

·           Reserve Bank of India (RBI)’s report titled ‘Finances of Panchayati Raj Institutions’ states that Panchayats has to boost their efforts to increase their own revenues (which includes tax and non tax revenue) and improve their governance towards sustainable growth.

·           According to the report, the own revenues of the panchayats accounts for only 1.1% of their total revenue.

·           The report has been prepared in the Division of Local Finances (DLF) of the Department of Economic and Policy Research (DEPR).

·           In 1992, the 73rd Amendment to the Indian Constitution institutionalised the PRIs at three levels in rural India: Gram Panchayats at the village level, Mandal Panchayats at the intermediate/block level, and Zila Parishad at the district level.

·           There are total of 2.62 lakh PRIs in India, with 2.55 lakh Gram Panchayats, 6,707 Mandal Panchayats, and 665 Zila Parishads as of October 2023.

 

5.         KARPOORI THAKUR AWARDED BHARAT RATNA POSTHUMOUSLY

·           Droupadi Murmu, President of India, awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, to Former Bihar Chief Minister (CM) and Socialist Leader Karpoori Thakur (posthumously).

·           He becomes the 49th recipient of Bharat Ratna, and the 15th to be accorded posthumously.

·           He was well-known for his efforts to uplift the backward classes in Bihar and was often referred to as “Jan Nayak” (People’s Leader/Hero).

·           He served as the CM of Bihar for two terms, from December 1970 to June 1971; and from June 1977 to 1979. 

·           Bharat Ratna was instituted in 1954 and is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour.

·           The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister himself to the President.

·           The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of 3 in a particular year.

·           The award includes a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion. The Award does not carry any monetary grant.

 

6.         FIFTH ACTCM BARGE ‘YARD 129 (LSAM 19)’ LAUNCHED

·           The fifth Ammunition Cum Torpedo Cum Missile (ACTCM) Barge, Yard 129 (LSAM 19) was launched by Commodore V Pravin AWPS (Mumbai, Maharashtra) at M/s Suryadipta Projects Private Limited (SPPL), Thane (Maharashtra).

·           The Barge was built by Thane-based Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) M/s Suryadipta Projects Private Limited.

·           In 2021, IN signed a contract with Suryadipta Projects to construct 11 ACTCM barges with with Suryadipta Projects Private Limited.

 

7.         14TH NATIONAL VOTERS’ DAY – 25TH JANUARY 2024

·           National Voters’ Day (NVD) is annually celebrated across India on 25th January to create electoral awareness amongst citizens and encourage them to participate in the electoral process and to promote voter registration, particularly among the youth.
The day also marks the foundation day of the Election Commission of India (ECI).

·           The theme of NVD 2024 is “Nothing Like Voting, I Vote For Sure”, a continuation of the 2023 theme.

·           Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) of India– Rajiv Kumar

·           Election Commissioner (EC)– Anup Chandra Pandey, Arun Goel

·           Established in– 25th January 1950

 

8.         NATIONAL TOURISM DAY 2024 – JANUARY 25

·           National Tourism Day is annually celebrated across India on 25 January to raise awareness about the importance and value of tourism to the economy of India. It also aims to promote and create awareness about many tourist spots in India.

·           The 2024 theme of National Tourism Day observed on 25th January 2024 is “Sustainable Journeys, Timeless Memories.”

 

9.         RBI ALIGNS URBAN COOPERATIVE BANKS (UCBS) ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

·           The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has revised the eligibility criteria for the inclusion of urban cooperative banks (UCBs) in the second schedule of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.

·           Capital Requirement for Inclusion : Urban cooperative banks with a minimum Capital to Risk Weighted Asset Ratio (CRAR) of 3% will be considered for inclusion in the second schedule.

·           Licensed tier 3 and tier 4 primary (urban) co-operative banks, that are financially sound and well managed, would be eligible, provided they have adhered to maintenance of minimum deposits required for categorisation as a tier 3 urban co-operative bank for two consecutive years.

·           The term Urban Co-operative Banks (UCBs), though not formally defined, refers to primary cooperative banks located in urban and semi-urban areas. 

·           These banks, till 1996, were allowed to lend money only for non-agricultural purposes.

 

10.      NATIONAL SKILL TRAINING INSTITUTE IN HYDERABAD.

·           Union Tourism Minister G Kishan Reddy inaugurated the National Skill Training Institute in Hyderabad, Telangana.

 

11.      DELHI AND BENGALURU JOINTLY CLINCH 'BEST AIRPORT' AWARD

·           Bangalore and Delhi airports jointly won the Best Airport award. 

·           Both airports jointly won the award at the 4th edition of “Wings India Awards” in the Civil Aviation Sector.

·           Vistara won the Best Airline of the Year award. 

·           Air India has been recognised for International Connectivity.

·           Alliance Air has been recognized for Regional Connectivity.

·           Air India Express was declared a Sustainability Champion.

 

12.      JUSTICE PRASANNA B VARALE'S ELEVATION AS APEX COURT JUDGE

·           The Supreme Court collegium headed by Chief Justice D Y Chandrachud recommended the elevation of Karnataka High Court Chief Justice Prasanna B Varale as a top court judge.

·           The collegium, also comprising Justices Sanjiv Khanna, B R Gavai, Surya Kant and Aniruddha Bose, took into consideration the fact that he is among the senior-most High Court judges and is the only HC chief justice from the Scheduled Caste.

 

13.      PRESIDENT OF ARCHERY ASSOCIATION OF INDIA

·           Union Minister Arjun Munda, re-elected unopposed to the post of President of Archery Association of India for the period 2024-2028 in the General Council meeting of the AAI held at DDA Yamuna Sports Complex, Delhi.

 

14.      PEPSICO INDIA APPOINTS JAGRUT KOTECHA AS NEW CEO

·           PepsiCo India announced a leadership-level change as the food and beverage maker’s India team has appointed Jagrut Kotecha its chief executive officer (CEO).

·           Kotecha is currently serving as the chief commercial officer of PepsiCo Africa, Middle-East, and South Africa (AMESA).

 

15.      2024 ASIAN MARATHON CHAMPIONSHIPS

·           India’s Man Singh claimed the gold medal at the Asian Marathon Championships 2024 with a personal best timing of two hours 14 minutes and 19 seconds in Hong Kong.

·           The 34-year-old Indian marathon runner comfortably beat runner-up Huang Yongzheng of China

 

16.      SWITZERLAND AND INDIA REACH DEAL ON FTA

·           After 16 years of negotiations, Switzerland and India have finally reached a consensus on a free-trade agreement as confirmed by Swiss Economy Minister Guy Parmelin

 

17.      BOEING INDIA’S AEROSPACE ENGINEERING CENTRE IN BENGALURU

·           The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi inaugurated the new state-of-theart Boeing India Engineering & Technology Center (BIETC) campus in Bengaluru, Karnataka. 

·           Built with an investment of Rs 1,600 crores, the 43-acre campus is Boeing’s largest such investment outside the USA.

 

18.      THE ICC ANNOUNCED THE T20I TEAM OF THE YEAR FOR 2023.

·           India's Suryakumar Yadav was named captain of the ICC T20I team. 

·           Four Indians have made the cut as the International Cricket Council (ICC) announced the Men's T20I Team of the Year for the 2023 season.

 

19.      HDFC BANK BECOMES THE FIRST LENDER TO ISSUE 20 MILLION CREDIT CARDS

·           HDFC Bank, India’s largest private sector bank, has become the first lender in the country to achieve the milestone of 20 million credit cards in force (CIF).

·           According to the latest RBI data, the bank added 3.2 lakh cards in November, taking the total number of cards outstanding to 1.95 crore, making it the largest card issuer in the country

·           HDFC Bank is followed by SBI Card, ICICI Bank, and Axis Bank, in terms of the number of credit cards issued.

 

20.      DISCOMS, NPCL TOP IN PERFORMANCE RATINGS OF POWER DISTRIBUTION COMPANIES

·           Delhi's BSES Rajdhani Power Ltd, BSES Yamuna Power Ltd, and Tata Power Delhi Distribution Company and Noida Power Company Ltd have topped the ratings of the power distribution companies in the country in FY23.

·           As per the ratings, NPCL, BRPL, BYPL and TPDDL have achieved A+ (highest) ranking among all the 62 rated discoms in the country.

 

21.      1ST INDIGENOUSLY DEVELOPED HEPATITIS A VACCINE, 'HAVISURE'

·           Hyderabad-based Indian Immunologicals Ltd (IIL) a wholly owned subsidiary of National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) and a leading biopharmaceutical company in India launched India’s first indigenously developed Hepatitis A vaccine ‘Havisure’ in Hyderabad

·           It is a two-dose vaccine-first dose administered at above 12 months of age and the second at least six months after the first dose.

·           Hepatitis A is an inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV).

·           Hepatitis can be an acute (short-term) infection or a chronic (long-term) infection.

 

22.      INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMS DAY: 26TH JANUARY 

·           International Customs Day 2024 is observed on the 26th January 2024. 

·           The European Customs Union Study Group (E.C.U.S.G.) was established by the Committee for European Economic Cooperation in 1948 to investigate the feasibility of establishing one or more inter-European customs unions.

 

23.      VIRAT KOHLI WINS ICC ODI PLAYER OF THE YEAR AWARD FOR 4TH TIME

·           Indian batting star Virat Kohli bagged the ICC ODI Player of the Year award for the fourth time

·           Kohli had previously won the award in 2012, 2017, and 2018 and also stands amongst the four nominees for the ICC Cricketer of the Year 2023 award.

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