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Monday, April 8, 2024

DAILY GK 10-13 MAR

 DAILY GK 10-13 MAR

1.         BHARAT TEX 2024 IN NEW DELHI

·           Prime Minister(PM) Narendra Modi inaugurated Bharat Tex 2024, the world’s biggest textile event at the Bharat Mandapam, PragatiMaidan, New Delhi

·           The event took place in 2 venues, the Bharat Mandapam and YashoBhoomi, two of India’s largest exhibition centres.

·           Bharat Tex 2024 inspired by PM Modi’s 5F Vision(Farm to Fibre to Factory to Fashion to Foreign) was organised with a unified Farm to Fashion focus.

 

2.         WB, BILL & MELINDA GATES FOUNDATION AND UNICEF PLEDGE  600MN FOR CERVICAL CANCER

·           World Bank (WB), the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) pledged nearly USD 600 million towards eliminating cervical cancer.

·           This commitment was made during the first-ever ‘Global Cervical Cancer Elimination Forum: Advancing the Call to Action’ held in Cartagena, Colombia in March

·           The forum was dedicated to catalyze national and global momentum to end this preventable disease.

·           Cervical cancer ranks as the fourth most prevalent cancer among women worldwide.

 

3.         RBI AND BANK INDONESIA SIGN MOU

·           The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the Bank Indonesia (BI) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for establishing a framework to promote the use of local currencies of both countries, such as the Indian Rupee (INR) and the Indonesian Rupiah (IDR), for cross-border transactions.

·           It aims to promote the use of INR and IDR bilaterally.

·           The MoU covers all current account transactions, permissible capital account transactions, and any other economic and financial transactions as agreed upon by both countries.

 

4.         RBI AMENDS CARD RULES

·           The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in exercise of the powers conferred by Section 35A of the Banking Regulation (BR) Act, 1949 and Chapter IIIB of the RBI Act 1934, amended the ‘Master Direction – Credit Card and Debit Card – Issuance and Conduct Directions, 2022’

·           As per it, card issuers are barred to enter into any arrangement with card networks for the issuance of credit cards that restrain them from availing the services of other card networks.

·           This will benefit as customers as they will get the freedom to choose from multiple card networks.

 

5.         PRITZKER ARCHITECTURE PRIZE 2024

·           Architect Riken Yamamoto of Yokohama, Japan, has been named the 2024 Laureate of the Pritzker Architecture Prize, the highest global architectural recognition.

·           He is the 53rd laureate of the Pritzker Architecture Prize and the 9th Japanese architect to win the prize.

·           The award includes a cash prize of USD 100,000 and a bronze medallion.

·           Pritzker Architecture Prize was established by the Chicago-based Pritzker family through their Hyatt Foundation in 1979.

·           Jay A. Pritzker founded the prize with his wife, Cindy Pritzker.

·           This annual award is often labeled as the “Nobel of Architecture.”.

·           BalkrishnaDoshi is the first and only Indian architect to win the prize.

·           He received the Pritzker Prize in 2018.

 

6.         NETHERLANDS’ ERASMUS PRIZE 2024

·           Eminent Indian Writer and Padma Shri Awardee Amitav Ghosh was awarded the Erasmus Prize 2024 by the Netherlands’ PraemiumErasmianum Foundation for his writings on the planetary crisis and climate change.

·           He was honoured for his contribution to the theme of the Erasmus Prize 2024 “imagining the unthinkable”.

·           The theme refers to the expression of the unprecedented global crisis ‘climate change’ in written words.

·           He was the first English-language writer to be honoured with the Jnanpith Award, India’s highest literary award, in 2018.

·           He also got Padma Shri in 2007 in the field of ‘literature and education’.

·           He was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1990 for his book “The Shadow Lines.”

·           The prize consists of a cash prize of 150,000 Euros and a momento, which is a folded ribbon with a titanium plate at both ends.

 

7.         BOOK ‘THE CONSPIRACY TO OUST ME FROM THE PRESIDENCY’ 

·           Former President of Sri Lanka, Gotabaya Rajapaksa, has authored a book titled ‘The Conspiracy to Oust Me from the Presidency’ which speaks about his political downfall to a “conspiracy” involving foreign and local parties.

·           Gotabaya Rajapaksa served as the 7th Executive President of Sri Lanka from 2019 to 2022.

 

8.         INDIA’S 1ST GOVERNMENT-OWNED OTT PLATFORM

·           Kerala Chief Minister (CM) PinarayiVijayan has launched India’s first government-owned OTT (over-the-top) platform, ‘CSpace‘ in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

·           CSpace: is managed by Kerala State Film Development Corporation (KSFDC), a state-owned company responsible for the promotion of the Malayalam cinema industry on behalf of the Department of Cultural Affairs, Government of Kerala.

 

9.         SEA DEFENDERS-2024; INDIA-USA MARITIME SECURITY EXERCISE

·           ‘Sea Defenders-2024’, the comprehensive maritime security exercise between the Indian Coast Guard (ICG) & United States Coast Guard (USCG) was successfully concluded at Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar (A&N) Island

 

10.      SWEDEN OFFICIALLY JOINS NATO

·           Sweden officially joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), becoming the alliance’s 32nd member. 

·           This decision comes in the wake of security concerns in Europe following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022.

·           Ulf Kristersson, Prime Minister (PM) of Sweden, deposited Sweden’s instrument of accession to North Atlantic Treaty (also known as the Washington Treaty) with Antony John Blinken, Secretary of State, The United States of America (USA) as the depositary of the treaty.

·           Sweden now benefits from the protection provided under Article 5 of the NATO Treaty, which guarantees the freedom and security of its allies.

·           NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance of countries from Europe and North America.

·           Objective- To safeguard the freedom and security of its members through both political and military means.

·           Secretary General– Jens Stoltenberg

·           Established in 1949

·           Members– 32 countries(30 from Europe & 2 from North America).

 

11.      GUSTAVO ADRIANZEN BECOMES NEW PM OF PERU 

·           Gustavo Lino AdrianzenOlaya was sworn in as Prime Minister (PM) or President of the Council of Ministers (PCM) of the Republic of Peru 

·           The swearing-in ceremony was led by the President of Peru, Dina Boluarte at the Government Palace in Lima, Peru.

·           Gustavo Adrianzen succeeded Alberto Otarola who resigned from the post due to a political scandal.

 

12.      INTERNATIONAL DAY OF WOMEN JUDGES 2024- MARCH 10

·           The United Nations (UNInternational Day of Women Judges (IDWJ) is annually observed across the globe on 10 March to raise awareness about gender equality within the legal profession.

·           IDWJ 2024 is being observed with the campaign “Women in Justice, Women for Justice,” to promote the full and equal participation of women at all levels of the judiciary.

·           United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) was established in 1997 as a result of the merging of the UN Centre for International Crime Prevention and the UN International Drug Control Programme.

·           Headquarters– New York, USA

 

13.      https://affairscloud.com/assets/plugins/wccp-pro/images/transparent.gifINDIA & EFTA SIGNED USD 100 BN FREE TRADE PACT

·           India and European Free Trade Association (EFTA), signed a Trade and Economic Partnership Agreement (TEPA) commiting an investment of USD 100 billion over 15 years.

·           Under the TEPA, EFTA commits to promote investments to increase the stock of foreign direct investments (FDI) in India.

·           EFTA is the intergovernmental organisation of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.
EFTA offers 92.2% of tariff lines, covering 99.6% of India’s exports.

·           EFTA market offers 100% coverage of non-agricultural products and tariff concessions on Processed Agricultural Products (PAP).

·           EFTA was established in 1960 by the EFTA Convention for the promotion of free trade and economic integration for the benefit of its 4 Member States.

·           Among EFTA countries, Switzerland is the largest trading partner of India followed by Norway.

·           EFTA Secretary-General– Siri VesethMeling (Norway)

·           Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland

·           Established in– 1960

 

14.      MHA NOTIFIED CITIZENSHIP AMENDMENT ACT RULES, 2024

·           Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) notified the rules under the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (CAA-2019).

·           These rules, called the Citizenship (Amendment) Rules, 2024 to fast-track the citizenship process for non-Muslims, immigrants such as Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Parsis, and Christians from Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, who had entered India before December 31, 2014.

·           The rules are notified over four years after Parliament passed this law on December 11, 2019 amending the Citizenship Act of 1955.

·           These rules will enable the persons eligible under CAA-2019 to apply for grant of Indian citizenship.

·           CAA doesn’t apply to Indian citizens. It’s aimed at granting Indian citizenship to certain foreigners who faced religious persecution in neighboring countries due to their faith.

·           The CAA doesn’t apply to areas under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution and those covered by the Inner Line Permit system, protecting the interests of tribal and indigenous communities in the North-Eastern region. Residents of these areas can’t apply for Indian citizenship under the CAA.

 

15.      ‘MEASLES AND RUBELLA CHAMPION’ AWARD

·           The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare(MoHFW), Government of India, was recognised with the “Measles and Rubella Champion” Award by the Measles and Rubella Partnership(M&RP) for its efforts towards Measles and Rubella Disease Prevention.

·           Ambassador SripriyaRanganathan, Deputy Chief of Mission, Embassy of India, Washington D.C., The United States of America (USA) has received the award on behalf of MoHFW during the event held at the American Red Cross Headquarters in Washington D.C., USA

·           The award recognizes India’s efforts to combat measles and rubella with innovative strategies like using “measles as a tracer” to strengthen routine immunization India’s proactive Measles-Rubella (MR) vaccination campaign in high-risk areas, robust surveillance systems, and effective public-awareness initiatives have been instrumental.

·           50 districts consistently report no measles cases, while 226 districts haven’t reported rubella cases over the past 12 months.

·           Measles and Rubella are Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (VPDs), and India aims to eliminate them through its Universal Immunization Programme since 2017.

·           M&RP is a global initiative to reduce the global mortality rates for measles and rubella.

·           M&RP is led by the American Red Cross, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI), United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US CDC), United Nations Foundation (UNF), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), World Health Organization (WHO)

 

16.      AGNI-5 MISSILE TESTED WITH MIRV TECHNOLOGY UNDER MISSION DIVYASTRA

·           India successfully conducted the 1st flight test of an indigenously developed Agni-5 ballistic missile by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), equipped with Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicle (MIRV) technology from DR. APJ Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha.

·           The flight test was conducted as part of India’s nuclear-capable missile named Mission Divyastra (divine weapon).

·           With the flight test of Mission Divyastra, India has joined the select group of nations that have MIRV capability.

·           Agni-5, developed by DRDO, is a long-range missile that has been in India’s arsenal since the early 1990s.

·           The Agni-5 missile, which uses a 3-stage solid-fuelled engine, has a range of more than 5,000 kilometers (km), developed to enhance India’s national security.

·           Agni-6, the next upgrade, is expected to be a full-fledged ICBM with a range exceeding 7,000 km.

·           DRDO Chairman – Dr Samir VankatpatiKamat

·           Headquarters– New Delhi, Delhi

·           Formed in– 1958

 

17.      INDIA DEFEATS ENGLAND TO WIN ANTHONY DE MELLO TROPHY 2024

·           The Indian men’s test cricket team led by Rohit Sharma won the Anthony de Mello Trophy 2024 by defeating England (captained by Ben Stokes) in the five-match test series for 4-1 held in five venues across India.

·           Ravichandran Ashwin played his 100th Test for India in the fifth Test against England at Dharamshala, where he also took five wickets in the second innings.

·           Ashwin is the ninth bowler and the second Indian(After Anil Kumble –  619) to pick up 500 Test wickets.

·           Bumrah became the quickest Indian fast bowler to 150 Test wickets (in the second Test match against England), achieving the feat in 34 Test matches.

·           Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) President – Roger Binny

·           Head Quarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra

·           Established – 1928

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