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Thursday, October 1, 2020

DAILY GK 30 SEPT 2020

 DAILY GK 30 SEPT 2020

Rajnath Singh Unveiled DAP 2020 Final Document; Approved Capital Acquisition for Arms & Equipment worth Rs 2,290cr

i.After the release of New Draft Defence Procurement Procedure 2020 in March 2020 (Read Here), the final form of DAP 2020, a renamed version of Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP), was unveiled by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh which has been prepared on the lines of Atmanirbhar Bharat to empower domestic industry with the ultimate aim of turning India into a global manufacturing hub. It will be applicable with effect from October 1, 2020 for a period of five years i.e. till 2025.
ii.During the meeting, DAC approved the procurement of Static HF Tans-receiver sets and Smart Anti Airfield Weapon (SAAW) under the Buy Indian [IDDM (Indigenously Designed, Developed and Manufactured)] category. 
iii.Apart from above, DAC also accorded approval for procurement of SIG SAUER Assault Rifles at a cost of approx. Rs.780 crore to equip the Frontline Troops of the Army.
About Ministry of Defence:
Rajnath Singh constituency– Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh (UP)
Minister of State (MoS)– Shripad Yesso Naik

PM Narendra Modi inaugurates Six Major Projects in Uttarakhand 

On September 28, 2020 Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually inaugurated Six Development Projects in Uttarakhand under the Namami Gange Mission
“Ganga Avalokan” Museum:
i.PM Modi inaugurated the first-of-its-kind “Ganga Avalokan” Museum on River Ganga at Chandi Ghat, Haridwar. 
ii.It has been established by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), which is the nodal body to implement the ‘Namami Gange’ Programme along with Wildlife Institute of India (WII).
‘Rowing down the Ganges’
PM Modi released a book ‘Rowing down the Ganges’, it is co-published by NMCG & WII.
About Uttarakhand:
National Park (NP)– Corbett NP, Gangotri NP, Govind NP, Nanda Devi NP, Rajaji NP, Valley of Flowers NP.
Wildlife Sanctuary (WLS) – Askot Musk Deer WLS, Binsar WLS, Govind Pashu Vihar WLS, Kedarnath WLS, Mussoorie WLS,  

India, Japan hold Joint Maritime Exercise JIMEX-2020 in North Arabian Sea

The Fourth Edition of the Biennial Japan-India Maritime Exercise JIMEX-2020 took place between Indian Navy and Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) in the North Arabian Sea from 26th September-28th September, 2020. 
Due to Pandemic, JIMEX-2020 is conducted in a ‘non-contact at-sea-only format’. 
About Japan:
Prime Minister – Yoshihide Suga 
Capital – Tokyo
Currency – Japanese Yen

Government constitutes Five Ministerial Task Forces to make Indian MSMEs future-ready

On September 24, 2020 Government constituted Five Ministerial Task Forces to make India’s Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises better equipped for future and formulating strategies to make India a leading exporter
A K Sharma, Secretary of Ministry of Micro, Small, Medium Enterprises announced it during a virtual session organised by Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).
Objective:
The main objective is to make India a global manufacturing hub and a leading exporter in the world.
About Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME):
Union Minister – Nitin Gadkari
Minister of State  (MoS) – Pratap Chandra Sarangi

India Hosted Virtual Bilateral Summit between PM Narendra Modi & his Danish Counterpart Mette Frederiksen

i.On September 28, 2020, a Virtual Bilateral Summit was held between Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Prime Minister of Denmark Mette Frederiksen which was hosted by India to strengthen the bilateral relations between the two countries. The summit saw the conversations of the same opinions and a signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in the field of intellectual property (IP) cooperation.
ii.It should be noted that PM Modi proposed the creation of India-Denmark Green Energy Park to help Danish companies active in India along with India-Denmark Skill Institute to help Danish companies operating in India to select the people they require from the local skilled population.
iii.On the other hand, Denmark has proposed to host the second ‘Knowledge Summit’ and if the situation normalizes.
About Denmark:
Capital– Copenhagen
Currency– Danish krone

Data of COVID-19 Global Gender Response Tracker by UNDP & UN Women Released

i.In accordance with the data released from the COVID-19 Global Gender Response Tracker, which is co-created by United Nations (UN) Women and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), only 1 in 8 countries have measures in place to shield women and girls from COVID-19 pandemic effects.  
ii.The Global Gender Response Tracker analyzes more than 2,500 measures across 206 countries and territories under the three categories of addressing gender-based violence, supporting unpaid care, and strengthening women’s economic security
iii.One-fifth of the countries analyzed (42 countries) don’t have “gender-aware” COVID-19 responses. Only 12% of the world (25 countries) has introduced measures that covered all three areas of the tracker.
About United Nations Development Programme (UNDP):
Administrator– Achim Steiner
Headquarter– New York, United States (US)
About United Nations Women:
Executive Director -Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka
Headquarter– New York, United States (US)

LIC, GIC & New India Assurance Identified as Domestic Systemically Important Insurers for 2020-21: IRDAI

i.On September 24, 2020 The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India(IRDAI) has identified Life Insurance Corporation of India(LIC), General Insurance Corporation of India(GIC) and The New India Assurance Co. Ltd.(New India Assurance) as Domestic Systemically Important Insurers (D-SIIs) for 2020-21
ii.IRDAI annually identifies D-SIIs and publishes the names of these insurers for public information.
About Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India(IRDAI):
Headquarters– Hyderabad, Telangana
Chairman– Dr. Subhash C. Khuntia
About Life Insurance Corporation of India(LIC):
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
Chairman– M R Kumar

BSE Signed MoU with YES BANK to Empower SMEs

i.On September 28, 2020, BSE (formerly Bombay Stock Exchange) had signed an Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Yes Bank in order to empower the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) that are listed on the BSE through awareness and knowledge-sharing programmes.
ii.BSE and YES bank through this partnership aims to make SMEs more competitive and to fast-track their growth through solutions that address their business challenges.
About BSE (formerly Bombay Stock Exchange):
Managing Director(MD) and Chief Executive Officer(CEO)– Ashishkumar Chauhan
Head Office– Mumbai, Maharashtra.

IDBI Bank Became the first Bank to Enable Document Embedding Feature on SFMS Managed by IFTAS

i.On September, Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) become the first to implement the new feature of document embedding facility with Letter of Credit (LC) / Bank Guarantee (BG) messages over SFMS (Structured Financial Messaging System) platform of Indian Financial Technology and Allied Services (IFTAS) through its middleware application i@Connect-SFMS (CSFMS) developed by IDBI Intech Limited.
ii.This new feature of “document embedding” provides banks with the functionality of transmitting a “pdf” document up to 1MB size along with the LC / BG messages.
About Indian Financial Technology and Allied Services (IFTAS):
It is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
Chairman– Tavarna Rabi Sankar
Chief Executive Officer (CEO)– Dr N. Rajendran
Headquarter– Mumbai, Maharashtra
About Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI):
Chairman– MR Kumar
Managing Director (MD) & Chief Executive Officer (CEO)– Rakesh Sharma
Headquarter– Mumbai, Maharashtra
Tagline– Banking for All, Aao sochein Bada

SIDBI Partnered with CRIF High Mark to Launch Sector-Based Insight Reports, ‘Industry Spotlight’

On September 22, 2020 Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) partnered with CRIF High Mark Credit Information Services(CRIF High Mark), a leading Indian credit bureau owned by CRIF to launch ‘Industry Spotlight’, a quarterly report based on Industry sectors/ clusters, with focus on MSMEs(Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises). It provides data and trends on key industry sectors in each edition.

·        The 1st edition of the report presents an analysis into the Indian Drugs & Pharmaceutical Industry. 

·        This volume highlights the credit profile that pertains to the finance extended to the drugs and pharmaceutical industry in India.

Key Info
The report aims the following namely, analyze the sector’s credit landscape, understand borrower segments with its risk analysis and equip policymakers and MSME players with trends and statistics required for sectorial growth. 
Importance of MSME in India
The MSME sector of India plays a critical role in the economic growth of the nations.
Over 6 crore MSMEs contribute around 29.7% of the GDP. It employs more than 11 crore persons.
About Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI):
HeadQuarters– Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Chairman & Managing Director– Mohammad Mustafa
About CRIF High Mark Credit Information Services:
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
MD & CEO– Navin Chandani

 

ICRA Projected India’s GDP to contract 11% in FY21

On September 28, 2020, Domestic rating agency ICRA (formerly Investment Information and Credit Rating Agency) further downgraded India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) estimate with a contraction of 11% in FY2020-2021 in comparison to the earlier contraction of 9.5%. This revision is due to the continuous elevation in new COVID-19 cases.

·        The agency has projected a GDP contraction of 12.4% in Q2FY21.

·        It has also revised its projections for Q3FY21 and Q4FY21 and now expects contractions of 5.4% and 2.5%, respectively.

Construction, trade, transport, hotels, communications and services related to broadcasting will continue to underperform.
About ICRA:
Headquarter– Gurugram, Haryana
Managing Director & Group CEO (Chief Executive Officer)–  N. Sivaraman

Kerala Tourism bags PATA Grand Award 2020 

On September 24, 2020 Kerala Tourism’s ‘Human by Nature Print Campaign’ campaign bagged the Prestigious Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) Grand Title Winner 2020 for Marketing.  
i.The awards were announced during a presentation ceremony of Virtual PATA Travel Mart 2020 in Beijing, which took place from September 23-27, 2020.
ii.The PATA Awards are supported and sponsored by Macao Government Tourist Office (MGTO) for the last 25 years.
Karnataka Tourism Bags PATA Gold Award 2020:
Department of Tourism, Government of Karnataka won the PATA Gold Award 2020 for its Marketing Campaign – ‘Script your Adventure 2019’. It was one of the 21 Gold Award winners from across the globe.
PATA Grand Title Winners 2020:

PATA Grand Title Category

winner

PATA Grand Title Winner 2020 for Marketing

‘Human by Nature Print Campaign’ by Kerala Tourism, India

PATA Grand Title Winner 2020 for Sustainability

‘Anurak Community Lodge’ by YAANA Ventures, Thailand

PATA Grand Title Winner 2020 in Human Capital Development

‘Unleashing Greatness’ by MGM China, Macao, China



About Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA):
Chairman – Chris Bottrill
Headquarters – Bangkok, Thailand

Vedantu, Online tutoring platform Ropes in Aamir Khan as Brand Ambassador

On September 28, 2020 Vedantu, Online live tutoring company roped in Indian Actor Aamir Khan(Mohammed Aamir Hussain Khan) as its Brand Ambassador. He will feature in the new ad-campaigns of the company. The 6 ad film series are conceptualized by The Script Room with the tagline “Samaj Aayega toh Maza Ayega, Maza Ayega toh Samajh Ayega”.
Key Info
i.The duration of the films ranges from 20- 50 seconds. This will be released on television across 46 channels, digital & OTT platforms.
ii.Vedantu with its new ad campaign aims to make quality online live learning that is accessible to every child, every home with India’s best curated teachers.
Note– He recently became the brand ambassador of CEAT Limited(CEAT), a tyre company of RPG Enterprises(Rama Prasad Goenka Group) for 2 years.
About Aamir Khan
i.Apart from being an actor he is a director, filmmaker and television talk-show host.
ii.He appeared on screen as a child actor in the film Yaadon Ki Baaraat (1973).
iii.He is the recipient of many awards including Padma Shri(2003) and  Padma Bhushan(2010).
Other Celebrities who Became Brand Ambassador of an edutech company

·        Indian Actor Shahrukh Khan–  Byju

·        Indian cricketer Virat Kohli– Great Learning 

 

P D Vaghela Appointed as Chairman of TRAI; Succeeds RS Sharma

On September 28, 2020 The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) appointed P.D. Vaghela, currently the secretary of the department of pharmaceuticals (DoP) under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers as the chairman of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) for a period of three years or until he attains the age of 65, whichever is earlier. He will succeed Ram Sewak(RS) Sharma, who will retire on September 30, 2020, after a five-year tenure.

·        RS Sharma is the 1st TRAI chairman to have a tenure of 5 years. The chairman of TRAI will normally have a tenure of 3 years.

About P.D. Vaghela 
i.He is a 1986-batch IAS officer of Gujarat cadre.
ii.Prior to serving as a Secretary of DoP he was the Commissioner of Commercial tax in Gujarat .
iii.He is one of the key officials to roll out of Goods and Services Tax (GST) in 2017.
About R S Sharma
i.During 2009-2013, he led the creation of Aadhaar as the director general and mission director of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI).
ii.He was instrumental in the adoption of net neutrality in India and also introduced a new framework for broadcasting and cable services.
About Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI):
It was established by an Act of Parliament, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997, to regulate telecom services with effect from 20th February 1997. 
HeadOffice– New Delhi, India

Syeda Anwara Taimur, Assam’s 1st and only Woman CM Passed Away

On September 28, 2020 Syeda Anwara TaimurAssam’s first and only woman Chief Minister(CM) passed away in Australia due to cardiac arrest. She was around the age of 83. She is the 1st Muslim woman CM of any state in India. She was born on November 24, 1936 in Assam, British India.

·        She is a 4 time(1972, 1978, 1983 and 1991) Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) and a 2 times Rajya Sabha MP- Member of Parliament (nominated in 1988 and elected in 2004).

·        She had an illustrious political career spanning over 4 decades. 

Key Info About Syeda Anwara Taimur
i.Syeda Anwara Taimur prior to entering into politics served as the Economics lecturer in  Devicharan Barua Girls College at Jorhat in 1956.
ii.She was the CM of the state from December 1980 to June 1981 as a member of the Congress during the height of the anti-foreigners’ agitation in the State. Her tenure ended as the state was put under president’s rule.
iii.She was a leader of the Indian National Congress party in Assam and a member of the All India Congress Committee (AICC).
iv.She served as the Public Works Department(PWD) and agriculture minister of the state from 1983 to 1985. She joined the All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF) in 2011.

 

Union Minister Rajnath Singh launches the Book ‘A Bouquet of Flowers’ 

On September 26, 2020 Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Launched the Book ‘A Bouquet of Flowers’ written by Dr Krishna Saksena. She is the first woman to get a PhD (Doctor of Philosophy).  
i.The 92-year old retired English Professor got her PhD from Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh in the year 1955.
ii.This is her ninth book, and it gives a look into the inner workings of society, from the perspective of changing values and culture, where she subtly highlights the strengths and weaknesses of Contemporary Society. 
iii.The book is a series of tales, which allows the readers to extract morals of the stories rather than imposing her views on them.

 

First Ever “International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste” observed on 29th September, 2020

On September 29, 2020 The First Ever “International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste (IDAFLW)” was observed. It was observed to promote and implement global efforts to resolve the issue of food wastage, and to take steps towards Zero Hunger and address the problem of climate change through Sustainable food habits. 
i.The Theme for International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste 2020 is “Stop food loss and waste. For the People. For the Planet”.
ii.It is observed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
About Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO):
Director-General – Qu Dongyu
Headquarters – Rome, Italy

World Heart Day 2020: September 29

i.World Heart Day is observed annually on September 29 to raise awareness about Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) including heart disease & stroke and highlights their prevention and global impact. 
ii.The day also aims to educate people that at least 80% of premature deaths due to heart disease and stroke can be avoided by controlling risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity.
iii.The World Health Day was established in 1999 by the World Heart Federation (WHF) in collaboration with the World Health Organisation (WHO).
About World Heart Federation (WHF)
HeadQuarters– Geneva, Switzerland
President of the Board– Prof Karen Sliwa

Andhra Pradesh CM Launches YSR Jala Kala Scheme to benefit Small & Marginal Farmers

On September 28, 2020 Andhra Pradesh (AP) Chief Minister Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy launched YSR Jala Kala Scheme for small and marginal Farmers. Under the scheme, the State Government will drill borewells in arid, and uplands in the state with an expenditure of Rs. 2, 340 Crore over a period of four-years.
Borewells will be drilled free of cost for needy farmers, the state government will also provide free motors to small and marginal farmers. 
The Scheme is being introduced to benefit upland farmers, who are dependent on Rains. 
About Andhra Pradesh:
Ports – Visakhapatnam Port, Krishnapatnam Port
River – Gautami Godavari, Godavari, Krishna River, Palar, Pennar, Tungabhadra

Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik launched JAGA Mission Stage-II; Signed MoU with CPR

i.On September 28, 2020, the Chief Minister (CM) of Odisha Naveen Patnaik launched the stage II of JAGA Mission (Odisha Liveable Habitat Mission) from Balasore (Odisha) through video conference, under which all slums in the State will be converted into Adarsh (ideal) colonies within the next 3 years. 
ii.The Centre for Policy Research (CPR), New Delhi under its initiative ‘Scaling City Institutions for India: Land Planning and Housing (SCI-FI: LPH)’ has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Housing & Urban Development Department, Government of Odisha as the knowledge partner of JAGA Mission in its second phase.
About Odisha:
Capital– Bhubaneswar
Governor– Ganeshi Lal

 

Nagaland Launches Portal for Livelihood Generation Programme for Returned Migrant Workers 

On September 28, 2020 Department of Industries & Commerce, Nagaland Government launched the Scheme “Livelihood Generation Programme for Returned Migrant workers due to COVID-19 Pandemic” to provide skill development training for migrant workers who returned from other parts of the country due to Pandemic. 
i.The programme was launched by Imnatiba, Adviser for Industries and Commerce, Labour and Employment, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship at the Nagaland Civil Secretariat at Kohima. 
ii.It is funded by North East Council (NEC), Shillong and will be monitored by the Department of Industries and Commerce
iii.NEC has sanctioned Rs 2.40 crore for the implementation of this scheme. 
Eligibility:
i.The returnee should be a indigenous Migrant worker from Nagaland and should have registered with the state COVID-19 returnees Portal. 
ii.They should have reached Nagaland between 22nd May 2020 to 6th August, 2020. 
About Nagaland:
Chief Minister – Neiphiu Rio
Governor – Ravindra Narayana Ravi

 

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