Sunday, November 21, 2021

DAILY GK: 19 NOV

DAILY GK:  19 NOV

1.       UNESCO’S 75TH ANNIVERSARY 2021

·            The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) celebrated its 75th anniversary on 12th November 2021 .

·            The United Nations Charter that came into effect 16th November 1945, created a specialized agency in the fields of education and culture to be named the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO).

·            The initiatives of UNESCO are focused on 5 program areas: education, natural sciences, social and human sciences, culture, and communication and information.

·            There are 6 Indian cities on UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN)
Srinagar, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai, Jaipur & Varanasi.

·            UNESCO Director-General– Audrey Azoulay,Members– 193 Members and 11 Associate Members,Headquarter– Paris, France

 

2.       INDIA BECOMES WORLD’S LARGEST RECIPIENT OF REMITTANCES IN 2021:WB REPORT

·            India became the world’s largest recipient of remittances by receiving USD 87bn in 2021. The United States (US) was its biggest source, accounting for over 20% of these funds.

·            India is followed by China, Mexico, the Philippines, and Egypt.

·            The World Bank was created at the 1944 Bretton Woods Conference, along with the International Monetary Fund (IMF).President– David Robert Malpass (13th President)
Headquarters– Washington DC, United States of America

 

3.       SIDBI AND GOOGLE COLLABORATES TO SUPPORT MSMES

·            Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) collaborated with Google India Pvt Ltd (GIPL) for piloting a social impact lending programme with financial assistance up to Rs 1 crore at subsidised interest rates to MSMEs.

·            Under the partnership, MSMEs having turnover up to Rs.5 crore will get the loan ranging between 25 lakh to 1 crore which is being implemented by SIDBI.

·            All India Financial Institution (AIFI) is engaged in the promotion, financing and development of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)

·            The major focus will be on women entrepreneurs, with suitable interest rate concessions.

 

4.       INDIA RE-ELECTED TO UNESCO EXECUTIVE BOARD FOR 2021-25 TERM

·            India got re-elected to the Executive Board of the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) with 164 votes for a 4-year term, starting from 2021-25.

·            India was re-elected to Group IV of Asian and Pacific States, where Japan, Philippines, Vietnam, Cook Islands and China also got elected.

·            UNESCO Executive Board is one of three constitutional organs of the UN agency. The other two are the General Conference and the Secretariat.

 

5.       JUSTICE M DURAISWAMY APPOINTED AS ACTING CHIEF JUSTICE OF MADRAS HC

·            The senior most judge of Madras (Tamil Nadu) High Court (HC), Justice M Duraiswamy was appointed as the Acting Chief Justice of the Madras HC.

·            Justice Sanjib Banerjee, who was the Chief Justice of the Madras HC since January 2021, was appointed  as the Chief Justice of Meghalaya HC.

·            Article 217 of the Constitution- It states that the Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India (CJI), the Governor of the State.

 ·           Consultation Process- High Court judges are recommended by a Collegium comprising the CJI and two senior-most judges. 

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