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Friday, September 30, 2022

DAILY GK 18 - 20 SEP

 DAILY GK 18 - 20 SEP 

1.              MCA REVISES DEFINITION OF SMALL COMPANIES

·                The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has further revised the definition of “small companies” under the Companies Act, 2013 by raising the thresholds for paid-up capital from ‘not exceeding Rs. 2 crore’ to ‘not exceeding Rs. 4 crore’ and turnover from ‘not exceeding Rs. 20 crore’ to ‘not exceeding Rs. 40 crore’.

Criteria

Prior to 2021

Old (2021)

New (2022)

Paid-Up Capital

Rs. 50 lakh

Rs. 2 crore

Rs. 4 crore

Turnover

Rs. 2 crore

Rs. 20 crore

Rs. 40 crore

 

2.              IWA WORLD WATER CONGRESS IN COPENHAGEN, DENMARK

·                A Whitepaper on ‘Urban Wastewater Scenario in India’ was launched during International Water Association (IWA) World Water Congress & Exhibition 2022 in Copenhagen, Denmark.

·                This whitepaper is an outcome of the Green Strategic Partnership between India and Denmark with a focus on green hydrogen, renewable energy and wastewater management.

·                It was prepared by an interdisciplinary team which was formed by the Government of India (GoI) with partners from Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog, MoJS, National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), Innovation Centre Denmark (ICDK), and Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB).

·                It points out the current status of wastewater treatment in India and potential pathways for future treatment structures, co-creation and collaborations.

 

3.              HUNGARY IS NO LONGER A FULL DEMOCRACY

·                The Members of the European Parliament (MEP) declared in a non-binding but highly symbolic report, that Hungary is no longer a fully functioning democracy.

·                The declaration states that Hungary will be considered a ‘hybrid regime of electoral autocracy’,  in which elections will be held regularly without following basic democratic norms.

·                Article 7 of the Treaty on European Union (EU) is a procedure in the treaties of the EU to suspend certain rights from a member state.

 

4.              SAUDI ARABIA BECOME INDIA’S SECOND-LARGEST OIL SUPPLIER IN AUGUST 2022

·                Saudi Arabia became the 2nd-biggest oil supplier to India overtaking Russia (first is Iraq).

·                India also became Russia’s second biggest oil purchaser after China.

·                India, the world’s 3rd biggest oil importer and consumer, shipped in 8,63,950 barrels per day (bpd) of crude from Saudi Arabia up from 4.8% from July 2022.

·                In August 2022, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was the 4th, while Kazakhstan replaced Kuwait to become 5th-largest oil supplier to India, followed by the United States (USA).

 

5.              DR SWATI PIRAMAL CONFERRED FRANCE’S  LEGION OF HONOUR AWARD

·                Indian Scientist-Industrialist and Padma Shri recipient Dr Swati Piramal, Vice-Chairperson of the Piramal Group was honoured with the ‘Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur’ (Knight of the Legion of Honour), France’s top civilian honour for her contribution to business, science, medicine, arts, culture, and Indo-French ties.

·                The award is in recognition of her outstanding achievements and contributions in the fields of business and industry, science, medicine, arts and culture, both nationally and internationally.

·                The Legion of Honour award is conferred by the French Republic for outstanding service to France, regardless of the nationality of the recipients, and the President of France is the Grand Master of the Order of the Legion of Honour.

 

6.              INSPIRE AWARDS – MANAK TO 60 STARTUPS

·                Union Minister of State (MoS) for Science & Technology, Jitendra Singh presented INSPIRE (Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research)  awards – MANAK (Million Minds Augmenting National Aspirations and Knowledge) to 60 startups and financial support to 53,021 students.

·                The award is instituted by the Department of Science & Technology (DST).

·                According to Minister Jitendra Singh, in 2020-2021, the annual INSPIRE Awards–MANAK competition attracted 6.53 Lakh unique ideas and innovations from all States and Union Territories (UTs) of the country.

·                In India, out of 766 districts, 702 districts have represented the ideas and innovations in the INSPIRE Awards–MANAK scheme.

·                The INSPIRE Awards – MANAK,  a flagship scheme of the country is jointly implemented by the Department of Science & Technology (DST) with the National Innovation Foundation – India (NIF).

·                It aims to motivate students in the age group of 10-15 years and studying in classes 6 to 10.

 

7.              ROGER FEDERER ANNOUNCES RETIREMENT FROM PROFESSIONAL TENNIS

·                A Professional Tennis Player from Switzerland, Roger Federer has announced his retirement from the ATP (Association of Tennis Professionals) Tour and Grand Slams at the age of 41.

·                The 5th Laver Cup 2022 from September 23-25 that will be held at The O2 in London, United Kingdom (UK) will be his final appearance on the ATP circuit.

·                He played a total matches of 1,526, and won 1,251, 2nd in the Open Era behind United States’ (US) Jimmy Connors (1274)

·                He has won 20 Grand Slam victories, and finished 5 seasons ranked No.1.

·                His victories include- the Australian Open six times, the French Open once, the US Open five times, and Wimbledon, a record eight times (2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012 and 2017).

·                His 20 Grand Slam titles are 3rd highest behind Spain’s Rafael Nadal (22), and Serbia’s Novak Djokovic (21).

·                He also won the most Grand Slams Men’s singles main matches (369) in the Open Era.

·                He holds the record of becoming the oldest ever world No. 1 at age 36 years, 320 days and remaining at the top of the rankings for a record 237 consecutive weeks.

·                He is also the oldest men’s player to win Wimbledon in 2017 at the age of 35 years, 342 days.

·                He is the only men’s player to win at least 10 titles on clay, grass, and hard courts.

 

8.              WORLD YOUTH CHESS CHAMPIONSHIP IN ROMANIA

·                India’s Pranav Anand (Karnataka) won the Under-16 (Open) title 

·                A R Ilamparthi (Tamil Nadu)  won the Under 14 (Open) title at the World Youth Chess Championship 2022 held in Mamaia, Rom├ónia.

·                In the girls Under-18 event, S Kanishka secured 6th place and Rakshittaravi finished 8th.

 

9.              NATIONAL LOGISTICS POLICY LAUNCHE

·                The Prime Minister (PM) of India, Narendra Modi launched the National Logistics Policy (NLP) at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi (Delhi) that will act as single point of reference for all logistics and trade facilitation matters.

·                The NLP, in conjunction with the PM-Gati Shakti Programme, Sagarmala and Bharatmala (waterways and roadways) schemes, the Dedicated Freight Corridors, etc., can be transformational.

·                A new digital platform, Ease of logistics Services or E-Log has also been launched through which industry associations can take up any issues regarding operations and performance with the government.

 

10.           WORLD’S FIRST INTERCONTINENTAL CARNIVORE TRANSLOCATION: WILD CHEETAHS REINTRODUCED IN INDIA

·                Prime Minister Narendra Modi has reintroduced wild Cheetahs (Scientic Name- Acinonyx jubatus) in Kuno National Park, Sheopur and Morena districts ,Madhya Pradesh, as part of “Project Cheetah”, the world’s first inter-continental large wild carnivore translocation project.

·                Of the eight Cheetahs that were introduced in India, five are females and three are males.

·                Since Cheetahs were proclaimed extinct in Indian forests in 1952, these Cheetahs have been brought from Namibia (Africa) and are being introduced into India.

·                The very last cheetah was killed in India in 1947.

·                The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species classifies the Cheetah as ‘Vulnerable’ species.

·                Kuno River is Tributary of Chambal River. Kuno national park is situated in Vindhyan Hills of Central India

·                The translocated cheetahs are currently named -- Elton, Freddie, Oban, Siyaya, Aasha, Tbilisi, Sasha and Savannah

·                Namibia Capital – Windhoek

 

11.           KAZAKHSTAN RENAMES CAPITAL TO ASTANA

·                The President of Kazakhstan, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, signed constitutional amendments that extended the nation’s presidential term to 7 years from 5 years, and brought back the old name of the country’s capital to Astana from the current Nur-Sultan.

·                Astana became the capital of Kazakhstan in 1997. Then in 2019, its capital was named ‘Nur-Sultan’ in honour of outgoing President Nursultan Nazarbayev, who ruled the nation for 3 decades.

 

12.           VISIT OF PM NARENDRA MODI TO UZBEKISTAN FOR THE SCO SUMMIT 2022

·                Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi visited Samarkand, Uzbekistan, to attend the 22nd Meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) 2022.

·                The summit was chaired by the President of Uzbekistan, H.E. Mr. Shavkat Mirziyoyev.

·                At the 22nd Meeting of the SCO Council of Heads of State in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, the city of Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India, was nominated as the first-ever SCO Tourism and Cultural Capital for the years 2022–2023.

·                During the 22nd Meeting India took over the rotating presidency of the SCO from Uzbekistan.

·                India will hold the presidency of the group for a year, till September 2023.

·                The next meeting of the SCO Council of Heads of State in 2023 will be held in India.

·                Prime Minister (PM) – Abdulla Aripov,Capital – Tashkent

 

13.           UNEP LAUNCHED ‘GREEN FINS HUB’ TO ENCOURAGE SUSTAINABLE MARINE TOURISM

·                The United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), along with  Reef-World Foundation, the United Kingdom (UK) based charity, launched a global digital platform, ‘Green Fins Hub’. 

·                Green Fins Hub is the first ever global marine tourism industry platform.

·                It is a global digital platform which will help diving and snorkelling operators worldwide to make simple, cost efficient changes to their daily practices by utilizing tried and tested solutions.

·                UNEP Headquarters-Nairobi, Kenya,Executive Director-Inger Andersen

 

14.           AMADOU BA APPOINTED AS SENEGAL’S PM

·                Macky Sall President of Senegal reinstated the post of Prime Minister(PM), appointing former Economy Minister Amadou Ba(61 years old) as the PM of Senegal.

·                The post of Prime Minister was abolished in April 2019.

·                Senegal Capital- Dakar

 

15.           WORLD WRESTLING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2022

·                17th edition of the World Wrestling Championships or World Wrestling Championships 2022 was held in Belgrade, Serbia.

·                United states of America lead the table with 15 medals followed by Japan and Turkey.

·                India is ranked 24th with 2 medals.

·                India’s Bajrang Punia (Haryana) has won the men’s 65 kg bronze medal by defeating  Sebastian Rivera of Puerto Rico in the World Wrestling Championships 2022.

·                Vinesh Phogat won the bronze medal in the 53kg category .

·                She defeated European champion Emma Malmgren of Sweden

 

16.           DURAND CUP FOOTBALL 2022

·                Sunil Chhetri-led Bengaluru FC (BFC) won their 1st ever Durand Cup 2022 by defeating Mumbai City FC (MCFC)

·                It is the 131st edition of Durand Cup, Asia’s oldest football tournament held at Salt Lake Stadium or Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan stadium, Kolkata in West Bengal.

 

17.           WORLD BAMBOO DAY 2022 – SEPTEMBER 18

·                World Bamboo Day (WBD) is annually observed across the globe on 18th September to create awareness about Bamboo, which is considered to be Green Gold.

·                The Indian Forest Act 1927, declared bamboo as a tree which prohibited it from cutting and transporting.

·                In 2017, after the amendment of section 2(7) of the Indian Forest Act 1927 , parliament declared that bamboo is not a tree and does not require permission for felling and transporting.

 

18.           SEPTEMBER 17: HYDERABAD LIBERATION DAY

·                On 17th September 2022 Union Home Minister Amit Shah started off Hyderabad Liberation Day (or National Integration Day) celebrations from the Parade ground in Telangana’s Secunderabad to commemorate 75 years of liberation of Hyderabad.

·                At the time of the Partition of India, in 1947, India was divided into British India and Princely states. The states were acceded to either Pakistan or India.Hyderabad was one of the large princely state.

·                Indian Home Minister Sardar Patel decided to annex Hyderabad, and that led to ‘Operation Polo’ (Police action against Hyderabad).

·                Nizam of Hyderabad Mir Osman Ali Khan, the 7th in the line of the AsafJahi dynasty, had surrendered Hyderabad during the Operation and the state was integrated into the territory of India on 17th September 1948, which is now celebrated as Hyderabad Liberation Day.

 

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