Monday, February 13, 2023

DAILY GK 1,2 FEB

 DAILY GK 1,2 FEB

1.       INDIAN ARMY’S EXERCISE TOPCHI

·         The Indian Army’s annual firepower demonstration and training exercise ‘Exercise Topchi’ was conducted at the School of Artillery in Devlali in Deolali, Maharashtra.

·         The event shows the capability of the Indian artillery with this year’s focus on ‘Atmanirbharata’ (self-reliance).

 

2.       ONGC’S SAGAR SAMRAT -A MOBILE OFFSHORE PRODUCTION UNIT

·         Hardeep Singh Puri, Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, re-dedicated Oil and Natural Gas Corporation’s (ONGC) iconic drilling rig Sagar Samrat, as a Mobile Offshore Production Unit (MOPU) at a ceremony held on Sagar Samrat.

·         Sagar Samrat, Commissioned in 1973, has drilled almost 125 wells and has been involved with 14 key offshore oil and gas discoveries in India.

·         MOPU is considered any type of portable structure that can be reused when procuring Oil and gas from the seabed.

 

3.       RBI : THE NUMBER OF MICRO ATMS SURGED IN 2022

·         According to data from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), there was a sharp increase in the number of micro Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) installed all over India in 2022. However, no major increase in the value of money withdrawn through these devices has occurred since June 2022.

·         As of December 2022, there were 14.19 lakh micro ATMs operating across India.

·         Micro ATMs are compact ATMs or card-swipe machines that are portable and handheld.

·         They provide cardless money transfers using the Aadhaar-enabled payment system (AePS) in remote regions.

·         The customer is recognized by the micro-ATM using an identity proof, typically the Aadhaar, which is linked to their bank account.

·         Fino Payments Bank operates over a quarter (3.55 lakh) of India’s 14.19 lakh micro ATMs.

 

4.       NIA LAUNCHES ITS ‘PAY AS YOU DRIVE’ VEHICLE INSURANCE POLICY

·         New India Assurance (NIA) has launched its ‘Pay as You Drive’ (PAYD) vehicle Insurance Policy to offer charges premium based on the usage of the vehicle.

·         Features of PAYD include discounts on renewals, coverage beyond distance limit, and enhanced protections such as zero depreciation, roadside assistance, engine protection, return to invoice, etc.

·         ii.In the PHYD policy, insurance premiums are calculated based on driving and distance travelled instead of a fixed amount paid in a conventional car insurance policy.

·         For instance, if person A drives his car 200-300 km per month and person B drives his car 1200-1500 km per month, they do not have to pay the same premium under the ‘PAYD’ model. Thus PHYD will benefit those who do not use their vehicles much.

·         NIA  Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra

 

5.       THE BEST MARCHING CONTINGENTS & TABLEAUX OF R-DAY PARADE 2023

·         The Ministry of Defence(MoD) announced the best marching contingents and tableaux of Republic Day (R-Day) Parade 2023

·         The expert panel has declared Uttarakhand’s tableaux, featuring the Manaskhand, Maharashtra with the theme Sade Tin Shaktipithe & Nari Shakti, as the winner of the first prize under Best Tablueaux of State/UTs.

·         Maharashtra’s tableaux and Uttar Pradesh(UP)’s tableaux won the 2nd and 3rd prize respectively.

·         Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) Marching Contingent was declared as the Best Marching Contingent among Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF)/other auxiliary forces under both categories.

 

6.       WOMEN’S U-19 T20 WORLD CUP 2023

·         India won the 1st ICC Under-19 Women’s T20 (Twenty 20) World Cup 2023 by defeating England with 7 wickets.

·         It was the first edition of the ICC Women’s Under-19 Cricket World Cup and it was hosted by South Africa (SA)

·         The Player of the final match title was awarded to 18-year-old Indian pacer Titas Sadhu.

·         The Player of the Tournament or Most Valuable Player (MVP) title was grabbed by England captain and stellar all-rounder Grace Scrivens.

 

7.       MARTYRS’ DAY 2023 – 30TH JANUARY 2023

·         Martyrs’ Day, also known as  Sarvodaya day or Shaheed Diwas, is annually observed across the globe on January 30 to pay tribute to all who sacrificed their lives for India.

·         The day also marks the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, who was fondly called ‘Bapu’.

·         30th January 2023 marks the 75th anniversary of the Martyrdom Day of Mahatma Gandhi.

·         Martyrs’ Day or Shaheed Diwas is also observed across India on March 23 to commemorate the sacrifice of 3 young freedom fighters of India – Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar.

 

8.       G20 INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL ARCHITECTURE WORKING GROUP MEETING

·         “G20 International Financial Architecture Working Group Meeting” under the G20 (Group of Twenty) Indian Presidency was held in the Union Territory of Chandigarh.

·         India assumed the G20 Presidency for a year, from December 1, 2022 to November 30, 2023.

·         Following the Asian financial crisis in 1997, the G20 was established in 1999, as a forum for Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors to address global economic and financial issues.

·         It has 20 members, including 19 countries: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Türkiye, United Kingdom (UK), United States (US), and the European Union (EU).

 

9.       ARMY EXRCISE ‘TRISHAKTI PRAHAR’ HELD IN NORTH BENGAL

·         A joint training exercise namely ‘Exercise Trishakti Prahar (Three-Force Strike)’ was held between all arms and services of the Indian Army, Indian Air Force (IAF) and Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) in the North Bengal.

·         The IAF has started its annual mega exercise ‘Poorvi Aakash’ in the northeastern region to check its combat preparedness.

·         Chief of the Air Staff– Air Chief Marshal Vivek Ram Chaudhari

 

10.    MADRID INTERNATIONAL BOOK FAIR IN 2025

·         Jose Maria Ridao, the Ambassador of Spain, announced that India will be invited as the focal country at the Madrid International Book Fair in 2025 in Madrid, Spain.

·         The announcement was made during 46th International Kolkata Book Fair (IKBF 2023) at Salt Lake, Kolkata, West Bengal.

·         Spain is the theme country of the 46th International Kolkata Book Fair

 

11.    INDIA UK ACHIEVERS HONOURS 2023

·         Dr Manmohan Singh, former Prime Minister (PM) of India and Member of Parliament (MP) Rajya Sabha (constituency- Rajasthan), was honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Honour at the 2023 edition of the prestigious India-United Kingdom (UK) Achievers Honours, a first-of-its-kind celebration of the UK’s Indian alumni, held in London, UK

·         British Indian peer Lord Karan Bilimoria received the Living Legend Honour.

·         Virendra Sharma MP from Ealing Southall, who chairs the Indo-British All Party Parliamentary Group, was also bestowed with the Living Legend Honour.

·         75 Young Achievers, 8 Outstanding Achievers and  2 Living Legends and a Lifetime Achievement award were recognised.

 

12.    VISAKHAPATNAM IS THE NEW CAPITAL OF ANDHRA PRADESH

·         Chief Minister (CM) of Andhra Pradesh, YS Jagan Mohan Reddy, stated that Visakhapatnam will be declared as the new capital of Andhra Pradesh

·         Following the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh into Telangana and the residuary Andhra Pradesh state in 2014, the then CM N Chandrababu Naidu-led government acquired over 33,000 acres of land from farmers to develop Amaravati as the capital of AP.

·         During the bifurcation, it was stated that Hyderabad will serve as a joint capital for both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for 10 years and the Governor of Telangana will administer Hyderabad till the AP government moves to a new capital.

·         In 2019, after YS Jagan Mohan Reddy took charge as the CM, the government decided to develop 3 capitals – Visakhapatnam as the executive capital, Amaravati as the legislative capital and Kurnool as the judicial capital.

·         In March 2022, the AP High Court ruled against 3 capitals and directed the government to develop Amaravati as AP’s capital.

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