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Thursday, August 17, 2023

DAILY GK 16,17 MAY

 DAILY GK 16,17 MAY

1.       SAMUDRA SHAKTI 23: 4TH INDIA-INDONESIA BILATERAL NAVAL EXERCISE AT BATAM, INDONESIA

·         Samudra Shakti-23, the 4th edition of India-Indonesia Bilateral Naval Exercise between the Indian Navy (IN) and Indonesian Navy (IDN) is being held at Batam, Indonesia from May 14-19, 2023.

·         To enhance interoperability, jointness and mutual cooperation between both the navies.

·         The exercise consists of Harbour phase and sea phase.

·         Samudra Shakti was commenced in 2018 between IN and IDN.

 

2.       WHO LAUNCHES FRAMEWORK TO HELP REDUCE ANAEMIA IN WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE

·         The World Health Organisation launches its first-ever comprehensive framework on reducing anaemia,  Acceleratinganaemia reduction: a comprehensive framework for action, calling on countries to accelerate action to reduce the prevalence of anaemia in women of reproductive age by 2025.

·         The United Nations Health Agency launched a comprehensive framework on reducing anaemia during the International Maternal Newborn Health Conference (IMNHC) 2023 held from May 8-11 2023, in Cape Town, South Africa.

·         Reduction of anaemia is one of the World Health Assembly’s (the decision-making body of WHO) Global Nutrition Targets for 2025, which is accorded as a 50% reduction of anaemia in women of reproductive age.

·         World Health Organisation (WHO) Director General– Dr. Tedro sAdhanom Ghebreyesus

·         Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland.

 

3.       RBI ASKS BANKS TO ENSURE COMPLETE TRANSITION AWAY FROM LIBOR FROM JULY 1, 2023

·         The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued an advisory to banks and other RBI-regulated entities to ensure a complete transition from the international benchmark reference rate US$ London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) or the Mumbai Interbank Forward Outright Rate (MIFOR) from July 1, 2023.

·         After June 30, 2023, Financial Benchmarks India Pvt. Ltd. (FBIL) will cease to publish Mumbai Interbank Forward Outright Rate (MIFOR).

·         LIBOR has been a globally accepted key benchmark interest rate that indicates borrowing costs between banks.

·         The Reserve Bank of India was established on April 1, 1935, in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.

·         Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra

·         Governor– Shaktikanta Das

 

4.       IRDAI FORMS 5-MEMBER COMMITTEE TO ADVICE ON MENTAL HEALTH COVER

·         The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) constituted a 5-member expert committee comprising medical experts and insurers under the chairmanship of Pratima Murthy, Director of the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), to provide advice and inputs to IRDAI on matters related to mental health and insurance.

·         Work of committee is to make a complete examination of the various aspects such as types of conditions, and types of treatments from an insurance perspective to deal with products designed to cover mental illnesses and other related aspects.

·         (IRDAI Chairperson – Debasish Panda

·         Headquarters – Hyderabad, Telangana

 

5.       NETHERLANDS BECOMES INDIA’S 3RD LARGEST EXPORT DESTINATION IN FY23 AFTER US, UAE

·         The Netherlands emerged as the 3rd largest export destination for India in Financial Year 2023-23 (FY23) after the United States (US) and United Arab Emirates (UAE).

·         India’s trade surplus with the Netherlands has increased from USD 8 billion in FY22 to USD 13 billion in FY23.

·         Netherlands Prime Minister – Mark Rutte

·         Capital – Amsterdam

·         Currency – Euro (EUR)

 

6.       ARMORY SQUARE PRIZE FOR TRANSLATION

·         Pakistani-Canadian author, translator, and storyteller, Musharraf Ali Farooqi, who translated SiddiqueAlam’s short story collection “The Kettledrum and Other Stories” from Urdu to English, won the inaugural edition of the Armory Square Prize for South Asian Literature in Translation.

·         The Prize is given to address the stark disparities in literary translation worldwide and support compelling storytellers from the Indian Subcontinent by raising their visibility in the United States of America (USA).

·         The book “The Kettledrum” tells the story of an Adivasi matriarch living with the ghost of her deceased husband, weaving in legends that animate tribal communities and their rapidly receding traditions.       

 

7.       NEW CBI DIRECTOR

·         According to the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) order, Karnataka Director General of Police (DGP) Praveen Sood was appointed as the new director of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)

·         The name was finalized by a three-member high-powered selection committee led by Prime Minister NarendraModi.

 

8.       INDIAN NAVY SUCCESSFULLY TEST-FIRED BRAHMOS MISSILE FROM INS MORMUGAO

·         BrahMos supersonic cruise missile was successfully test-fired from the Indian Navy’s frontline guided missile destroyer INS (Indian Naval Ship) Mormugao.

·         The indigenous ship (INS Mormugao) and weapon (BrahMos supersonic cruise missile), mark the symbol of ‘AatmaNirbharta’ and the Indian Navy’s firepower at sea.

·         This marks INS Mormugao’s first BrahMos Supersonic cruise missile firing.

 

9.       ISSF WORLD CUP BAKU 2023: INDIA

·         Indian rifle and pistol shooters finished the International Shooting Sport Federation(ISSF) World Cup Rifle/Pistol 2023 held in Baku, Azerbaijan with 4 medals (1 Gold; 2 Silver and 1 Bronze).

·         India finished 2nd in the overall medal tally with 4 medals.

·         China topped the medal tally with 7 medals (4 Gold; 1 Silver and 2 Bronze) while the Islamic Republic of Iran finished 3rd with 2 medals (1 Gold and 1 Silver).

·         Indian Winners of ISSF World Cup Rifle/Pistol 2023 :

·         10m air pistol mixed team Sarabjot Singh & Divya TS won              Gold

 

10.    VUPPALA PRRANEETH BECOMES INDIA’S 82ND GRANDMASTER

·         16-year-old VuppalaPrraneeth from Telangana, has become India’s 82nd Grand Master (GM) by defeating GM Hans Niemann from United States of America (USA) in the penultimate round of the Baku Open 2023, which took place in Baku Crystal Hall, Baku, Azerbaijan.

·         With this win Vuppala Prraneeth crossed the required 2500 FIDE’s (International Chess Federation or World Chess Federation) Elo live ratings, to achieve the GM title.

 

11.    RUSKIN BOND AUTHORED A NEW BOOK TITLED “THE GOLDEN YEARS”

·         Ruskin Bond, an Indian author, authored a new book titled “The Golden Years: The Many Joys of Living a Good Long Life”, published by HarperCollins India, which is scheduled to be released on 19th May 2023 (on the occasion of his 89th Birthday). The book is about the last 20 to 30 years of his life (60s, 70s and 80s).

·         He wrote his 1st book “The Room on the Roof” at the age of 17. It was a semi-autobiographical story with Rusty being the protagonist.

·         Ruskin Bond was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1992 for “Our Trees Still Grow in Dehra”.

·         He was also awarded the Padma Shri in 1999 and Padma Bhushan in 2014 for Literature and Education.

 

12.    INTERNATIONAL DAY OF FAMILIES 2023 – MAY 15

·         The United Nations (UN)’s International Day of Families is annually observed across the globe on May 15 to celebrate the importance of families and highlight their role in society.

·         Theme “Demographic Trends and Families”.

 

13.    KERALA BECOMES 1ST INDIAN STATE TO LAUNCH WELFARE FUND FOR WORKERS UNDER MGNREGS

·         The initiative was launched by the Chief Minister (CM) of Kerala Pinarayi Vijayan at Kotta Maidanam, Palakkad, as part of the 100-day action plan in connection with the state government’s second anniversary.

·         Under this, the workers who have completed the age of 60 will be entitled to a pension which will also provide financial assistance for medical treatment, education, and marriage, among other benefits.

·         Under this, the workers need to pay a nominal monthly amount of Rs 50 as a contribution to the fund and the government will also contribute an equal amount.

·         Those who have paid the contributions for ten or more years, and their families will get the benefits in case of the beneficiary’s death.

·         Eligibility for membership includes being between 18 to 55 years of age and having engaged in unskilled work for at least 20 days in the year of application or any year in the two years immediately preceding it.

 

14.    MHA PREPARES “MODEL PRISONS ACT 2023”

·         The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has prepared the “Model Prisons Act 2023” which will replace “The Prisons Act, of 1894”, a 130-year-old British-era law, to overhaul the prison administration that will focus on the reformation and rehabilitation of inmates.

·          “Model Prisons Act, 2023” allows security assessment and segregation of prisons, separate wards for women and transgenders and punishment for conniving jail staff among other provisions

 

15.    CHAIRPERSON OF CCI

·         The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) approved the appointment of Ravneet Kaur, a 1988 Punjab cadre IAS (Indian Administrative Service) officer, as the Chairperson of Competition Commission of India (CCI).

·         She has been appointed for a period of 5 years with effect from the date of assuming the charge or till the date of attaining the age of 65 or until further order.

·         Ravneet Kaur becomes the first woman and non-secretary bureaucrat to be appointed as a CCI Chairperson.

·         She will replace CCI Member Sangeeta Verma who has been serving as the interim (acting) chairperson of CCI since October 2022 after Ashok Kumar Gupta demitted office.

·         CCI has to have a chairperson, not less than two and not more than six other members, as per the Competition Act.

·         The Competition Commission of India (CCI) is a statutory body (within the Ministry of Corporate Affairs) of the Government of India under the Competition Act, 2002 for the administration, implementation, and enforcement of the Act.

 

16.    PNGRB CHAIRMAN

·         The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC), chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved the appointment of Anil Kumar Jain,  as the new Chairman of the Petroleum & Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB). 

·         He has been appointed for a period of 5 years from the date of assumption of charge of the post or till attaining the age of 65 years, or until further orders.

·         The PNGRB was constituted under The Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board Act, 2006 (NO.19 of 2006) notified on 31st March 2006.

·         PNGRB is the 1st regulatory body set up by the Government of India (GoI).

 

17.    1ST WOMAN DIRECTOR GENERAL OF UN’S IOM

·         Amy E. Pope (49 years old) of the United States of America (USA) was elected as the 1st woman Director General (DG) of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the United Nations(UN) Migration Agency. 

·         She defeated the incumbent DG of IOM Antonio Vitorino of Portugal, the European Union(EU) candidate, who has been serving as the DG of IOM since 2018.

 

18.    NATIONAL DENGUE DAY – MAY 16 2023

·         National Dengue Day is annually observed across India on 16th May to create awareness about dengue among general public and to promote the preventive measure against dengue.

·         The government of India observes the 16th May as National Dengue Day and the month of July as the Anti Dengue Month to create awareness about Dengue- a mosquito-borne viral infection

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