Sunday, December 17, 2023

DAILY GK 26-30 NOV

 DAILY GK 26-30 NOV

1.       SURYA KIRAN- XVII: INDIA-NEPAL JOINT TRAINING EXERCISE

·         Surya Kiran XVII, the 17th Edition of the Indo-Nepal joint training Exercise held at Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand

·         Surya Kiran the bilateral joint military exercise between the armies of India and Nepal is held every year since 2011.

 

2.       INDIA BECOMES CHAIR OF INTERNATIONAL SUGAR ORGANISATION FOR 2024

·         India became the Chair of International Sugar Organisation (ISO), apex international body on sugar and relating products, for 2024 during the 63rd council meeting of ISO in London, United Kingdom (UK).

·         India is the largest consumer and second largest producer of sugar in the world with 15% share in global sugar consumption and about 20% production of sugar

·         India is the 3rd largest country in the world in ethanol production after the United States of America (USA) and Brazil.

·         The National Sugar Institute in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh (UP) has extended its influence globally, collaborating with countries such as Indonesia, Nigeria, Egypt, and Fiji.

·         Ethanol blending percentage in India has increased from 5% in 2019-20 to 12% in Ethanol Supply Year (ESY) 2022–23 (December 2022–October 2023) while the production has increased from 173 crore litres to more than 500 crore litres during the same period.

·         The target for ESY 2023–24 (November 2023–October 2024) is 15%.

·          International Sugar Organisation (ISO):Headquarters– London, United Kingdom

 

3.       UNEP’S EMISSIONS GAP REPORT 2023

·         As per the 14th edition of Emissions Gap Report 2023:Broken Record: Temperatures hit new highs, yet world fails to cut emissions (again), released by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) the world must reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by at least 28-42% by 2030 to limit warming to 2°C and 1.5°C, respectively.

·         The report warns that if countries fail to reduce GHG emissions, then global temperatures will be increased by 2.5 to 2.9 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

·         The global implementation gap for 2030 is projected to be around 1.5 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (GtCO2e) for unconditional Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

·         Under current policies, global warming is projected to reach 3 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels by 2100.

 

4.       RBI SUPERSEDES ABHYUDAYA CO-OPERATIVE BANK BOARD

·         Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in exercise of the powers conferred under Section 36 AAA read with section 56 of the Banking Regulation (BR) Act, 1949 (As Applicable to Co-operative Societies), has superseded the board of directors of Abhyudaya Cooperative Bank Limited for 12 months (1 year) amid poor governance standards of the latter.

·         RBI appointed Satya Prakash Pathak, former Chief General Manager of State Bank of India (SBI), as the administrator of the bank.

·         RBI has imposed a monetary penalty on three banks viz. Citibank N.A. (Rs 5 crore), Bank of Baroda/BOB (Rs 4.34 crore) and Indian Overseas Bank/IOB (Rs 1 crore) for non-compliance with some of its Directions.

 

5.       PRESIDENT-ELECT OF FICCI FOR 2023-24

·         Dr. Anish Shah, Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Mahindra Group, named as the President-elect of Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) for 2023-2024.

·         FICCI is the largest and oldest apex business organisation in India. 

·         Headquarters– New Delhi, Delhi

 

6.       2023 ASIAN PARA ARCHERY CHAMPIONSHIPS

·         Indian Para Archery team has topped the medal tally with a total of 9 medals (4 gold; 4 silver; 1 bronze) at the 2023 Asian Para Archery Championships and CQT(Continental Qualifying Tournament) 2024 in Bangkok, Thailand

·         South Korea finished in 2nd place with 5 medals(3 Gold, 1 Silver & 1 Bronze), and China finished 3rd with 4 medals(2 Gold, 1 Silver & 1 Bronze).

·         World No. 5 Rakesh Kumar, hailing from Jammu and Kashmir(J&K), who led the Indian team secured 3 Gold medals in 3 categories.

·         Sheetal Devi has won a total of 3 medals, 2 gold and 1 silver during the event.

·         Sheetal Devi is the only female international archer to shoot with her feet.

 

7.       INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN 2023- NOVEMBER 25

·         The United Nations (UN) International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is annually observed across the globe on 25 November to raise public awareness about the global problem of violence against women.

·         The 2023 global theme of UNiTE campaign is, “UNITE! Invest to prevent violence against women and girls”.

UN Women:

 

8.       UTTAR PRADESH DECLARES NOVEMBER 25 AS ‘NO NON-VEG’ DAY

·         Yogi Adityanath-led Uttar Pradesh (UP) government has declared November 25 as “no non-veg day” to mark 144th birth anniversary of Sadhu Thanwardas Lilaram Vaswani.

·         The day coincides with the observance of International Meatless Day on November 25.

 

9.       8TH WONDER OF THE WORLD

·         Angkor Wat of Cambodia has become the Eighth Wonder of the World by surpassing Italy’s Pompeii.

·         Angkor Wat is an Ancient Temple Complex located in Siem Reap, Cambodia.

·         It was built in the 12th century by King Suryavarman II over a time span of 30 years.

·         Angkor Wat is one of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage sites.

·         Cambodia Prime Minister – Hun Manet

·         Capital – Phnom Penh

 

10.    INDIA, EU SIGN MOU TO DEEPEN COOPERATION ON SEMICONDUCTOR ECOSYSTEM

·         A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between the European Union (EU) and India to strengthen semiconductor supply chains and jointly pursue innovation.

·         European Union (EU): Capital- Brussels, Belgium and Luxembourg(De Facto Capital)

·         Members – 27 member states (As of November 2023)

·         European Union’ is officially created by the Maastricht treaty, which enters into force on 1 November 1993

 

11.    ADB GRANTED USD 170MN LOAN TO MODERNIZE KOCHI’S WATER SUPPLY SERVICES

·         Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved USD 170 Million loan for the modernization of water supply services in Kochi, Kerala.

·         Project includes upgrading five water treatment plants (325 Million Litres Per Day/MLD)) and constructing a new one (190 MLD).

·         Upgrading 146,000 water meters and implementing preventive maintenance through a performance-based contract.

 

12.    INDIGO, THE FIRST AIRLINE TO OPERATE FLIGHTS FROM NOIDA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

·         Noida International Airport (NIA) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with IndiGo Airlines to become the launch carrier for the under-construction airport which is scheduled to open at the end of 2024.

·         In 2021, Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of Noida International Airport (NIA) at Jewar in Gautam Buddha Nagar district, Uttar Pradesh (UP).

·         The NIA, a greenfield airport will be India’s first net zero emissions airport.

 

13.    BOOKER PRIZE 2023

·         Irish author Paul Lynch won 2023 Booker Prize for his novel, ‘Prophet Song’ published by Oneworld.

·         In 2022, Shehan Karunatilaka won for ‘The Seven Moons of Maali Almeida’, set during the Sri Lankan civil war.

·         Prophet Song a dystopian novel is set in a future Ireland that descends into tyranny and civil war. The story follows a woman’s struggle to protect her family.

·         Booker Prize is awarded to the best novel of fiction by writers of any nationality, written in English and published in the UK or Ireland. It was first awarded in 1969

 

14.    NATIONAL CONSTITUTION DAY -NOVEMBER 26

·         National Constitution Day also known as ‘Samvidhan Divas‘, is annually observed across India on 26 November to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26th November 1949.

·         The Constitution of India was enacted on 26th January 1950, celebrated as Republic Day.

·         26 November 2023 marks the 74th Anniversary of adopting the Constitution of India.

 

15.    NATIONAL MILK DAY 2023 – NOVEMBER 26

·         National Milk Day is annually observed across India on 26th November to commemorate the birth anniversary of Dr Verghese Kurien, the Father of the White Revolution in India.

·         Indian Dairy Association (IDA): President- R.S. Sodhi

·         Headquarters- New Delhi, Delhi

 

16.    INDIA ORGANISED FIVE-DAY MILLETS FESTIVAL IN INDONESIA

·         The Indian Mission to Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in collaboration with Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare (MoA&FW) organised  the ASEAN-India Millet Festival 2023 in Indonesia.

·         ASEAN:It is an intergovernmental organization of ten Southeast Asian countries namely Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.

·         India is part of the ASEAN Plus Six grouping, which includes China, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand and Australia.

·         It was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration).

·         The Indonesian Parliament has passed a law to relocate its capital from Jakarta to East Kalimantan. The new capital will be called Nusantara.

·         President – Joko Widodo

 

17.    CDSL REGISTERED 10 CRORE DEMAT ACCOUNTS

·         Central Depository Services (India) Limited (CDSL) had become the first Indian depository to hold 10 crore(100 million) active dematerialisation (demat) accounts.

·         CDSL attained this position by surpassing the National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL).

·         CDSL is the largest and only listed depository of India.

·         It provides services to Market participants such as Exchanges, Clearing Corporations, Depository Participants (DPs), Issuers and Investors.

·         CDSL maintains and services demat accounts of investors or beneficial owners (BOs).

·         There are only two depositories in India namely CDSL and NSDL.

·         NSDL:It is the first depository in India which was established in 1996.

 

18.    “AUTHENTIC” IS MERRIAM-WEBSTER’S WORD OF THE YEAR FOR 2023

·         United States of America (USA) dictionary publisher Merriam-Webster announced that the Word of the Year for 2023 is “Authentic”.

·         According to Merriam-Webster, Authentic is defined as “not false or imitation” and “true to one’s own personality, spirit, or character”.

 

19.    MADAGASCAR’S PRESIDENT

·         Incumber President of Madagascar Andry Rajoelina, leader of Young Malagasies Determined (Tanora Malagasy Vonona, TGV) party, was re-elected as the President of Madagascar for 3rd term.

·         Madagascar, an island nation in the Indian Ocean  lying off the southeastern coast of Africa.

·         Madagascar: Capital– Antananarivo

·         Prime Minister– Christian Ntsay

 

20.    DAVIS CUP 2023

·         Italian tennis team captained by Filippo Volandri, won the Davis Cup 2023 by defeating Australian team captained by Lleyton Hewitt in the finals held in in Malaga, Spain.

·         Davis Cup, men’s tennis tournament between national teams, is annually organised by the International Tennis Federation (ITF), world governing body of tennis

·         Italy has become the10th nation to hold the No. 1 ranking since the Davis Cup Nations Rankings were introduced in December 2001.

·         Canada is ranked 2nd followed by Australia at 3rd; Spain at 4th and Serbia at 5th.

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