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Monday, April 8, 2024

DAILY GK 27-28 MAR

 DAILY GK 27-28 MAR

1.         CBI AND EUROPOL SIGN WORKING ARRANGEMENT FOR COOPERATIVE RELATIONS

·           The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation (Europol) signed a Working Arrangement for cooperative relations between the law enforcement authorities of the Republic of India and the Europol to prevent and combat serious crime and terrorism.

·           It establishes the clear mechanisms for communication, cooperation, and collaboration, between the respective law enforcement agencies.

·           It also enables cooperation between all law enforcement agencies in India and the 27 European countries represented by Europol, as well as third countries and organizations associated with Europol.

·           CBIDirector – Praveen Sood

 

2.         INDIAN NAVY’S "OP SANKALP"

·           The Indian Navy completed 100 days of maritime security operations “Operation Sankalp”, which was launched on 14th December 2023.

·           As a part of the Op Sankalp, the Indian Navy played a major role as the First Responder and Preferred Security Partner in the Indian Ocean Region(IOR).

·           Indian navy conducted security operations across 3 areas: the Gulf of Aden and adjoining areas, the Arabian Sea, and off the East Coast of Somalia.

·           Chief of the Naval Staff (CNS) – Admiral R Hari Kumar

·           Headquarters – New Delhi, Delhi

·           Motto – Sham no Varunah

 

3.         2024 HURUN GLOBAL RICH LIST

·           According to the “2024 Hurun Global Rich List”, MukeshAmbani, Chairman & Managing Director(CMD) of Reliance Industries Limited(RIL), has been ranked as the World’s 10th richest Person with a total net worth of USD 115 billion.

·           Elon Musk, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Tesla Motors, topped the list for the 3rd time, with a total net worth of USD 231 billion followed by Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon (USD 185 billion) and Bernard Arnault, CEO of LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton (175 billion).

·           Mumbai(Maharashtra), overtakes Beijing(China) to become the billionaire capital of Asia. 

·           92 billionaires of India are based in Mumbai while Beijing houses 91 billionaires.

 

4.         CHANDRAYAAN-3’S LANDING SITE NAMED  AS ‘STATIO SHIV SHAKTI’

·           International Astronomical Union (IAU)’s  Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN) has approved the name “Statio Shiv Shakti” for the landing site of Chandrayaan-3’s Vikram lander.

·           The term Shiv Shakti is derived from Indian mythology describing the masculine (“Shiva”) and feminine (“Shakti”) duality of nature.

·           On 23rd August 2023, the Vikram lander of Chandrayaan-3, the 3rd mission in the Chandrayaan programme, successfully soft landed near the moon’s south pole.

·           Narendra Modi, Prime Minister (PM) of India announced that the landing site will be name “Shiv Shakti” and the 23rd August of every year will be observed as National Space Day in India.

·           The crash site of Chandrayaan-2 on the lunar surface was named ‘Tiranga Point’.

 

5.         ISRO GETS AVIATION LAUREATE AWARD FOR CHANDRAYAAN-3 

·           Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) has been honoured with the Aviation Week Network’s 2023-2024 Laureates Award under Space category for its achievements in Chandrayaan-3.

·           Aviation Week Network’s 66th Laureate Awards (2023-2024) ceremony was held on 14th March 2024 in National Building Museum, Washington, D.C.,USA.

·           The Laureate Awards recognize the extraordinary achievements of individuals and teams in the aviation industry.

 

6.         WTT FEEDER BEIRUT II 2024

·           India’s SreejaAkula won the women’s singles title at the World Table Tennis (WTT) Feeder Beirut II 2024 by defeating Sarah De Nutte (Luxembourg) in the finals.

·           India’s ManushUtpalbhai Shah(Gujarat) and ManavVikash Thakkar(Gujarat) won the men’s doubles title by defeating Indian duo Mudit Dani(Maharashtra) and Akash Pal(West Bengal) in the all-Indian finals.

·           Akash Pal and Poymantee Baisya(West Bengal) won the mixed doubles title by defeating compatriots SathiyanGnanasekaran(Tamil Nadu) and ManikaBatra(Delhi) in the finals. It marks their first WTT title.

·           Hong Kong China’s Doo Hoi Kem and Zhu Chengzhu won the women’s doubles title by defeating Indian pair SreejaAkula and Diya Chitale(Maharashtra) in the finals.

 

7.         WORLD TUBERCULOSIS DAY 2024 – MARCH 24

·           The 2024 theme of World Tuberculosis Day is, “Yes! We can end TB, ” which is the continuation of the 2023 theme.

·           WHODirector General– Dr TedrosAdhanom Ghebreyesus

·           Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland

·           Established on– 7 April 1948

 

8.         INTERNATIONAL DAY OF REMEMBRANCE OF THE VICTIMS OF SLAVERY– MARCH 25

·           The International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade 2024 was observed under the themeCreating Global Freedom: Countering Racism with Justice in Societies and Among

 

9.         ILO REPORT ON YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT

·           According to the ‘India Employment Report 2024: Youth education, employment and skills’ jointly published by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Institute of Human Development (IHD), India’s youth accounts for almost 83% of the unemployed workforce in India.

·           The report was released by V.AnanthaNageswaran, Chief Economic Advisor (CEA) of India.

·           The report projected that youth population which accounts for 27% of total population in 2021 will decrease to 23% by 2036.

·           ILODirector-General -Gilbert FossounHoungbo

·           Headquarters –  Geneva, Switzerland

·           Established –  1919

·           Member States – 187 Member States

 

10.      LIC EMERGED AS WORLD’S STRONGEST INSURANCE BRAND 

·           According to the “Insurance 100 2024” report by Brand Finance, independent brand valuation and strategy consultancy, India’s Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) has emerged as the world’s strongest insurance brand, with brand value up 0.04% to USD 9.8 billion.

·           It has an Brand Strength Index (BSI) score of 88.3 and an associated AAA brand strength rating.

·           LIC is followed by Taiwan based Cathay Life Insurance and Australia based NRMA Insurance as 2nd and 3rd strongest insurance brands respectively.

·           China’s Ping An continues its reign as the world’s most valuable insurance brand for 6 consecutive years, showcasing a 4% increase in brand value to USD 33.6 billion.

 

11.      COMMITTEE FOR GREAT INDIAN BUSTARD PRESERVATION

·           The Supreme Court(SC) bench led by Dhananjaya Yeshwant (DY) Chandrachud, Chief Justice of India (CJI), has appointed a seven-member expert committee for the preservation of the Critically Endangered Great Indian Bustard(GIB).

·           This is in line with the efforts to protect the GIB population from extinction caused by collision with power cables in Gujarat and Rajasthan.

 

12.      NEW APPOINTMENTS

·           The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has approved the appointment of  Sadanand Vasant Date as the Director General(DG) of the National Investigation Agency (NIA),PiyushAnand as DG of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF),Rajeev Kumar as DG of the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D).

·           NIA, under the Ministry of Home Affairs, is the central counter-terrorism agency of India. It was constituted under the NIA Act,2008.

 

13.      ECI LAUNCHED SAKSHAM APP 

·           The Election Commission of India (ECI) has launched a new app called ‘Saksham’ to facilitate easier voting for Persons with Disabilities(PwDs).

·           This will also enable the PwDs to avail facilities(like wheelchair) at the polling stations.

·           Saksham will offer customised services to ensure easing voter identification and registration process for PwDs.

·           This will offer Voice assistance(for visually imparied); Text-to-speech(for hearing impaired).

·           ECI announced Vote From Home option for senior citizens &PwDs

 

14.      AUSTRALIAN GRAND PRIX 2024 

·           Ferrari’s Carlos Sainz Vázquez de Castro (of Spain won the Formula 1 (F1) Australian Grand Prix (GP) 2024, held at Albert Park Circuit, Melbourne, Australia.

·           Ferrari‘s Charles Leclerc(Monaco) and United Kingdom’s Lando Norris won the second and third positions, respectively.

 

15.      EARTH HOUR 2024 – MARCH 23

·           Earth Hour is annually observed across the world observed on the last Saturday of March by turning off the lights for 60 minutes as a global symbol of unity and commitment towards protecting the planet and preserving the environment.

·           People across the globe observed the Earth hour 2024 from 8.30 PM to 9.30 PM.

·           The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) (formerly World Wildlife Fund) and partners first launched Earth Hour as a “lights off” movement in Australia in 2007.

 

16.      WORLD THEATRE DAY 2024 – MARCH 27

·           World Theatre Day is annually observed across the globe on 27 March to promote theatre in all its forms across the world. The Day highlights the intrinsic value of theatre as an art form.

·           The 1st World Theatre Day was observed on 27 March 1962, the date of the opening of the “Theatre of Nations” season in Paris, France.

·           2024 Message:  Norwegian novelist and playwright, Jon Fosse authored the World Theatre Day Message 2024, titled “Art is Peace“.

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