Friday, May 17, 2024

DAILY GK 12-13 APRIL

 DAILY GK 12-13 APRIL

1.              INDIA, MAURITIUS AMENDS DOUBLE TAX AVOIDANCE AGREEMENT

·                The Government of the Republic of India and the Government of Mauritius have amended the India-Mauritius Double Tax Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) to focus on preventing tax evasion instead of promoting bilateral investment flows.

·                MauritiusPresident– PrithvirajsingRoopun

·                Prime Minister– Pravind Kumar Jugnauth

·                Capital– Port Louis

 

2.              QS WORLD UNIVERSITY RANKINGS BY SUBJECT 2024

·                The Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) released the 14th edition of QS World University Rankings by Subject 2024 which marked Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, as India’s highest-ranked in Development Studies (20th globally).

·                In Development Studies section, University of Sussex topped the ranking

·                Music is the one new subject to be added to 2024 rankings.

·                The edition featured 55 individual subjects across five broad subject areas viz. Arts & Humanities, Engineering & Technology, Life Sciences & Medicine, Natural Sciences and Social Sciences & Management.

·                Harvard University of United States (US) topped the 4 broad subjects.

·                69 Indian universities featured in the 2024 QS World University Rankings by Subject, with 424 entries, marking a 19.4% increase from 2023.

·                The Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad has made its place among the top 25 institutions globally in the category of business and management studies.

·                In Asia region, India has secured second place

·                China has topped the list with 101 featured universities.

 

3.              NEW PRESIDENT OF ASOIF

·                Ingmar De Vos from Belgium, the President of the International Equestrian Federation (FEI), was unanimously elected as the President of the Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF)

·                He was elected for a 4 year term, starting on 1st January 2025.

·                48th ASOIF General Assembly was held during Sport Accord World Sport & Business Summit 2024 held in Birmingham, The United Kingdom (UK).

 

4.              NEW CMD OF SIDBI AND MD OF NHB

·                The Financial Services Institutions Bureau (FSIB) has recommended Manoj Mittal for the post of Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI).

·                FSIB has appointed Sanjay Shukla as the MD of the National Housing Bank (NHB), the apex regulatory body for the overall regulation and licensing of housing finance companies in India.

·                FSIB came into effect on 1st July 2022, replacing the Banks Board Bureau(BBB) for recommending persons for appointment as whole-time directors and non-executive chairpersons on the Boards of financial services institutions.

·                Headquarters- Mumbai, Maharashtra

 

5.              NEW  DIRECTOR OF NJA

·                Justice Anirudhha Bose  is appointed as Director of the National Judicial Academy (NJA) which offers training programmes to aid the judges in their judging role and in performance of court administration work.

·                Justice Anirudhha Bose recently retired from the Supreme Court (SC) of India. He has been serving as the SC Judge since 2019.

·                NJA is an independent society, established in 1993 under the Societies Registration Act of 1860.

·                NJA is fully funded by the Government of India (GoI) and works under the directions of the Supreme Court of India.

·                Chairperson– D Y Chandrachud (CJI)

·                Location– Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh

 

6.              NATIONAL SAFE MOTHERHOOD DAY 2024 – APRIL 11

·                National Safe Motherhood Day (NSMD) is annually observed across India on 11 April to raise awareness of the significance of maternal health and wellness, promote maternal health, and reduce maternal mortality rates in India

·                NSMD was initiated by White Ribbon Alliance India (WRA India), a grassroots organization that advocates for the health and rights of women and newborns.

·                India is supposedly the first country in the world to have officially declared NSMD, dedicated to promoting maternal health and safety.

·                April 11 commemorates the birth anniversary of Kasturba Gandhi (1869-1944) wife of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

·                She was born on 11 April 1869 in Porbandar, British India (now in Gujarat).

·                According to the United Nations (UN) Maternal Mortality Estimation India’s Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) has declined from 384 per 1 lakh live births in 2000 to 103 in 2020.

 

7.              WORLD PARKINSON’S DAY 2024 – APRIL 11

·                World Parkinson’s Day (WPD) is annually observed across the globe on 11 April to raise awareness and advance research toward better therapies and a cure for Parkinson’s disease (PD), also known as “paralysis agitans”

·                PD is a chronic degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that affects both the motor system and non-motor systems.

·                The day commemorates the birth anniversary of  English surgeon, Dr James Parkinson (1755 – 1824) who was the first to describe “paralysis agitans”.

·                Symbol: Red tulip with a fringe of white is the official symbol for Parkinson’s.
Parkinson  is a neurological condition that affects the brain’s ability to produce dopamine, the chemical crucial for movement control.

 

DAILY CURENT AFFAIRS 13 APRIL

8.              INDIA HAS BEEN RANKED 10TH IN CYBER CRIME

·                According to new research surveying cybercrime experts from around the world, India ranked 10th in cybercrime, with fraud involving people asking for advance fee payments as the most common type.

·                An international team of researchers has prepared a 'World Cyber Crime Index' which ranks nearly 100 countries.

·                Russia and Ukraine are highly technical cybercrime hubs, while Nigerian cyber criminals are engaged in less technical forms of cybercrime.

·                India was found to be an "specialize" in scams.

 

9.              THE WORLD'S LARGEST RENEWABLE ENERGY PARK

·                The world's largest renewable energy park has been built in the Khavda region of Gujarat by Gautam Adani's group in a remote area bordering Pakistan.

·                It has a huge capacity of 45 GW to generate electricity mainly from solar energy.

 

10.           ‘DUSTLIK’ INDIA -UZBEJKISTAN JOINT MILITARY EXERCISE

·                5th edition of ‘Dustlik’ Joint Military Exercise between India and Uzbekistan begin in Termez District, Uzbekistan

·                The first edition of the Dustlik Joint Military Exercise was held in Uzbekistan in November 2019.

 

11.           1ST  WOMAN HIGH COMMISSIONER TO INDIA BY BRITAIN.

·                The former CEO of the UK's National Cyber Security Centre, Lindy Cameron, will take charge as Britain's first woman High Commissioner to India.

·                She replaced Mr Alex Ellis CMG

 

12.           RBI'S DIGITAL INDIA TRUST AGENCY TO COMBAT ILLEGAL LENDING APPS

·                Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is considering establishing a Digital India Trust Agency (DIGITA) to stop the mushrooming of illegal lending apps.

·                DIGITA would be responsible for verifying digital lending apps and maintaining a public register of verified apps.

·                The RBI has shared a list of 442 digital lending apps with the IT Ministry to whitelist with Google.

 

13.           KOTAK MAHINDRA BANK LEADS IN EQUITY OFFERINGS RANKING

·                Kotak Mahindra Bank (KMB) topped the league table of equity offerings, with the private lender being the manager to 43 issues in FY24, a year when companies raised about Rs 2.9 trillion through a total of 400 issuances.

·                KMB topped the table with Rs 31,655 crore in value terms and a 10.89% market share

 

14.           REC WINS SKOCH ESG AWARD 202

·                REC Limited, a Maharatna Central Public Sector Enterprise under the Ministry of Power has been bestowed withthe SKOCH ESG Award 2024 in the 'Renewable Energy Financing' category

·                REC is a is registered with RBI as Non-Banking Finance Company (NBFC), and Infrastructure Financing Company (IFC).

 

15.           INDIAN OPEN GOLF TITLE

·                Keita Nakajima won the Hero Indian Open by four shots with a total of 17-under, setting a new record.

·                Ahlawat tied for second place

 

16.           ANNUAL UNIFIED PAYMENT INTERFACE TRANSACTIONS SURPASSED 100 BILLION MARK

·                The Unified Payment Interface (UPI) transactions in India posted a record 57% rise in volume and 44% rise in value in Financial Year 2023-24

·                This was the first time that UPI transactions crossed 100 billion and closed at 131 billion in a financial year, compared to 84 billion in 2022-23.

·                The year also saw a record value touching Rs 199.89 trillion, compared to Rs 139.1 trillion.

 

17.           36.91 MILLION NEW DEMAT ACCOUNTS OPENED IN FISCAL YEAR 2024

·                Nearly 3.7 crore (36.91 million ) demat accounts were added in the fiscal year 2024, marking the largestincrease ever, averaging over 30 lakh accounts a month

·                The number of Demat accounts opened with two depositories the Central Depository Services (CDSL) and the National Securities Depository (NSDL) jumped 11.9% year-on-year, to 15.14 crore from 11.45 crore.

·                A Demat Account or Dematerialised Account provides the facility of holding shares and securities in an electronic format.

 

18.           THE UNION HEALTH MINISTRY IOS APP myCGHS.

·                Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched the myCGHS app for the iOS ecosystem of devices.

·                The app is designed to enhance access to Electronic Health Records, information, and resources for Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) beneficiaries.

 

19.           PARADIP PORT EMERGES AS THE LARGEST INDIAN MAJOR PORT IN CARGO

·                The State- owned Paradip Port in Odisha has emerged as India's largest major port in terms of cargo volume with a cargo throughput of 145.38 million tonnes in FY24.

·                Deendayal Port Authority has been holding the pole position in cargo handling among the 12 major ports for the last 16 years.

 

20.           KAZAKHSTAN INTERNATIONAL CHALLENGE BADMINTON TOURNAMENT

·                In the men's singles final, 22-year-old M. Tharun from Telangana won his first international title by defeating Soon JooVen of Malaysia

·                In the women's singles AnupamaUpadhyaya, defeated fellow Indian IsharaniBaruah

·                2024 Kazakhstan International Challenge tournament was held in Uralsk, Kazakhstan.

 

21.           NATO FOREIGN MINISTERS CONVENE IN BRUSSELS

·                North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Foreign Ministers gathered at NATO Headquarters, Brussels, Belgium to mark 75 years since the signing of the Washington Treaty.

·                This year’s NATO Day comes just weeks after Sweden joined as the thirty-second member of the Alliance.

·                The Washington Treaty, or North Atlantic Treaty was signed in Washington D.C. in 1949, by 12 founding members.

 

22.           WADA'S LIST OF DOPING OFFENDERS

·                According to the 2022 World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) report, India has the highest percentage of doping offenders among countries.

·                Out of 4,064 samples collected from Indian athletes, 127 individuals tested positive for banned substances, which is 3.26% of the sample size.

·                South Africa, and Bangkok’s laboratories were ranked second and third

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