Friday, May 17, 2024

DAILY GK 14-16 APRIL

 DAILY GK 14-16 APRIL

1.         NTPC LAUNCHES NEW EDITION OF GIRL EMPOWERMENT MISSION

·           NTPC Limited (formerly National Thermal Power Corporation) launched the latest edition of the Girl Empowerment Mission (GEM), its flagship Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiative.

·           The new GEM will add around 3000 underprivileged children at 42 locations of NTPC., the mission will expand to benefit a total of 10,000 girls.

·           This is in line with Government of India’s “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao” campaign

 

2.         JOHN DIRKS CANADA GAIRDNER GLOBAL HEALTH AWARD 2024

·           The Toronto (Canada) based Gairdner Foundation honoured Indian microbiologist and virologist Gagandeep Kang with the John Dirks Canada Gairdner Global Health Award 2024 for her achievements in global health research.

·           She is the first Indian woman to get this award.

·           The John Dirks Canada Gairdner Global Health Award is annually awarded to the researchers who used rational, scientifically based research which has improved the health and well-being of people who face health inequities across the globe.

 

3.         ACM A.M. TURING AWARD

·           The Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) has named Israeli mathematician and computer scientist Avi Wigderson as the recipient of the 2023 ACM A.M. Turing Award, which is often called the “Nobel Prize of Computing”.

·           The award carries a cash prize of USD 1 million.

·           The award was named after Alan M. Turing, a British mathematician who is considered the father of modern computer science.

 

4.         NEW MEMBERS OF UGC FOR 3 YEAR

·           Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education has notified the appointment of Ashish Kumar Chauhan, Managing Director(MD) and Chief Executive Officer(CEO), National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Sridhar Vembu, CEO, Zoho Corporation as members of the University Grants Commission(UGC) for a period of 3 years.

·           UGC The Sargent Report of 1944 proposed for the first time to form the national system of education in India.

·           UGC was established by an Act of Parliament in 1956

·           Chairman: MamidalaJagadesh Kumar

·           Headquarters: New Delhi, Delhi

 

5.         INTERIM PRESIDENT OF VIETNAM

·           Vietnam’s Vice-President Vo Thi Anh Xuan (54 years old) was appointed Interim President of Vietnam .

·           She will serve as the acting president until Vietnamese National Assembly (NA) elects a new president.

·           Vietnam: Prime Minister– Pham Minh Chinh

·           Capital– Hanoi

·           Currency– Vietnamese dong

 

6.         PM OF ICELAND

·           Bjarni Benediktsson, chairman of Iceland’s Independence Party took office as Prime Minister (PM) of Iceland he succeeded Katrín Jakobsdóttir, who resigned as PM of Iceland to run for President of Iceland.

·           Iceland President  Guoni Th. Johannesson

·           Capital– Reykjavík

·           Currency– Icelandic Króna (ISK)

 

7.         RUSSIA LAUNCHED 1ST ANGARA-A5 HEAVY LIFT SPACE ROCKET

·           Russian space agency Roscosmos State Corporation for Space  Activities(ROSCOSMOS) successfully launched the 1st Angara-A5 space rocket from the launch pad in VostochnyCosmodrome in the far eastern Amur region, Russia.

·           This will replace Proton M as Russia’s heavy-lift rocket, which has been in operation since the mid-1960s.

·           The rocket was launched into space, reaching more than 25,000 kilometres per hour (Km/hr) in minutes.

·           Angara-A5 was launched ahead of the celebration of Russia’s Cosmonaut Day on 12th April 2024 which marks the 63rd anniversary of the day on which Soviet Union’s Yuri Gagarin became the first man in outer space.

 

8.         https://affairscloud.com/assets/plugins/wccp-pro/images/transparent.gifINDIA LOST 2.33 MILLION HECTARES OF TREE COVER SINCE 2000

·           According to the Global Forest Watch (GFW) monitoring project data, India has lost 2.33 million hectares (Mha) of tree cover since 2000 which is equivalent to a 6% decrease in tree cover during 2001-2023.

·           The data showed that India lost 4,14,000 hectares(414 Thousand hectares (Kha)) of humid primary forest(4.1%) from 2001 to 2023 which is 18% of its total tree cover loss in the same period.

·           Assam saw the most tree cover loss at 3,24,000 hectares(324kha) compared to average of 66.6kha, followed by Mizoram(312kha), Arunachal Pradesh(262kha), Nagaland(259kha) and Manipur(240kha).

·            Arunachal Pradesh had the most tree cover at 6.11million hectares(6.11Mha) compared to an average of 957 kha, then followed by Assam(2.57Mha), Chhattisgarh(2.28 Mha), Kerala(2.28Mha) and Odisha(1.92Mha).

·           Global Forest Watch is an initiative of World Resources Institute(WRI) launched in 2014 in partnership with Google, USAID(United States Agency for International Development), among others.

 

9.         INDIA AMONG 12 NATIONS RESPONSIBLE FOR 60% OF WORLD’S MISMANAGED PLASTIC WASTE

·           According to the EA Earth Action’s 2024 report titled “Plastic Overshoot Day- September 5, 2024 ,India is among the top 12 nations that contribute to around 60% of  world’s mismanaged plastic waste.

·           The 12 countries are China, India, Russia, Brazil, Mexico, Vietnam, Iran, Indonesia, Egypt, Pakistan, the United States of America (USA) and Turkiye.

·           India’s per capita plastic waste production stands at 8 kg per capita per year, one of the world’s lowest.
For 2024, Plastic Overshoot Day, globally, is projected to be on September 5th, 2024

·           India’s Plastic Overshoot Day is expected on April 23rd, 2024.

·           EA Earth Action is a non-profit organization that provides environmental research, consulting, and solutions.
Headquarters– Lausanne, Switzerland

 

10.      IMF REAPPOINTS KRISTALINA GEORGIEVA AS MD

·           The International Monetary Fund(IMF) Executive Board reappointed Bulgarian Economist Kristalina Georgieva as Managing Director(MD) of IMF for a 2nd five-year term starting on 1st October 2024.

·           IMF Headquarters: Washington D.C

·           Established in 1944, formed after the Bretton Woods Conference held in 1944 in USA

·           Member nations- 190

 

11.      DRDO & INDIAN ARMY CONDUCTED FLIGHT TRIALS OF MPATGM WEAPON SYSTEM

·           Indian Army and the Defence Research and Development Organisation(DRDO) successfully conducted the warhead flight trials of the Man Portable Anti-tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) Weapon System at the Pokhran Field Firing Range(PFFR) in Jaisalmer district, Rajasthan.

·           MPATGM Weapon system includes a MPATGM, Launcher, Target Acquisition System(TAS)and Fire Control Unit(FCU).

·           MPATGM was indigenously designed and developed by DRDO in partnership with Hyderabad, Telangana based VEM Technologies Private Limited.

·           DRDO Chairman- Dr. Samir VankatpatiKamat

·           Headquarters- New Delhi, Delhi

·           Established in 1958

 

12.      2024 BADMINTON ASIA CHAMPIONSHIPS

·           Badminton Asia Championships 2024 held in Ningbo, China.

·           The Indonesian player Jonatan Christie won the gold medal in the men’s singles category defeating the Chinese shuttler Li Shi Feng.

·           World no. 9 Chinese player Wang Zhi Yi won her continental women’s singles title by defeating the Olympic champion and compatriot Chen Yu Fei.

 

13.      AISHWARYA MISHRA’S 400M BRONZE TO BE UPGRADED TO SILVER

·           The Indian athlete Aishwarya Mishra’s bronze medal won during the women’s 400 m sprint event of the Asian Athletics Championships 2023 held in Bangkok, Thailand, is set to be upgraded to silver medal after the original silver medalist Farida Soliyeva of Uzbekistan failed a dope test.

·           Soliyeva tested positive for meldonium, a substance added to the World Anti-doping Agency (WADA) list of banned substances in 2016.

 

14.      SAM PITRODA BOOK “THE IDEA OF DEMOCRACY”

·           Padma Bhushan awardee, SatyanarayanGangaramPitroda, aka Sam Pitroda, an Indian engineer and entrepreneur, virtually launched his new book titled “The Idea of Democracy”. 

·           The book shares the author’s concern about the state of democracy and the potential challenges in countries like India and the United States of America(USA).

 

15.      105TH ANNIVERSARY OF JALLIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE – 13 APRIL 2024

·           13th April 2024 marks the 105th Anniversary of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (also known as the Amritsar Massacre), held on 13 April 1919 in Amritsar, Punjab, British India (now in Punjab).

·           On 13 April 1919, on the day of Baisakhi, thousands of people gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh Garden in Amritsar for a political meeting to protest against the Rowlatt Act; and the arrest of pro-independence activists Dr. Satyapal and Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew.

·           In response, the acting Brigadier-General, Colonel Reginald Edward Harry Dyer deployed his 50 troopers, blocked the exits, and opened fire on unarmed civilians attending a peaceful gathering.

·           The firing continued for approximately 10 minutes; in all 1650 rounds were fired.

·           It killed an estimated 379 people including men, women, and children, and injured over a thousand more.

·           The British colonial government passed the Rowlatt Act, officially known as the Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act of 1919, based on the recommendations of the Sedition Committee, under Mr Justice Rowlatt.

 

16.      NATIONAL FIRE SERVICE DAY 2024 – APRIL 14

·           National Fire Service Day is annually observed across India on 14th April and the National Fire Service Week is annually observed from 14th to 20th April to honour the firefighters who lost their lives in the line of duty and to educate the public and students about fire safety practices.

·           The theme of National Fire Service Day 2024/National Fire Service Week 2024 is “Ensure Fire Safety, Contribute towards Nation Building”. 

·           On 14th April 1944, the ship “SS Fort Stikins” stocked with a cargo of explosives docked at No 1 Victoria Dock, Bombay Port exploded. It killed around 231 people and around 476 were injured. This includes around 66 firemen.

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