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Friday, May 28, 2021

DAILY GK: 28 MAY 2021

 DAILY GK: 28 MAY 2021

1. GLOBAL AVERAGE TEMPERATURE COULD PASS 1.5° C

        According to the Annual Climate Update provided by the United Kingdom (UK) Met Office and World Meteorological Organization (WMO), there is a 40% possibility of the annual average global temperature temporarily reaching 1.5° C (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre industrial levels in one of the next 5 years (2021-25).

        Average temperatures are likely to be at least 1° C (estimated to be between 0.9° C  and 1.8° C)  warmer in each of the coming five years (2021-25).

        The temperature rise is significant, because as per the Paris Agreement signed in 2015 global leaders had committed to limit global warming to 1.5° C and well below 2° C  by the end of the century.

 

2. ‘ONE HEALTH’ PANEL TO ADVISE ON ANIMAL DISEASE RISKS

        United Nation (UN) bodies viz, the World Health Organization(WHO), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) formed a team of experts under ‘One Health High-Level Expert Panel’ to help develop a global plan of action to prevent the spread of diseases from animals to humans.

        ‘The One Health High-Level Expert Panel’ initiative was launched by Germany and France in 2020 in the backdrop of the outbreak of COVID-19.

        The first meeting of the panel was held in May 2021.

        The panel will publish its first recommendations later in 2021.

 

3. SPAIN’S PRINCESS OF ASTURIAS AWARD 2021

        Indian economist and Nobel Laureate Amartya Kumar Sen won Spain’s top award – Princess of Asturias Award 2021, under the Social Science category.

        The jury announced the list of 2021 laureates over the virtual platform.

        Amartya Sen won the award for his research on famines and his theory of human development, welfare economics and the underlying mechanisms of poverty have contributed to the fight against injustice, inequality, disease and ignorance.

 

4. FIH PRESIDENT’S AWARD 2021

        IAS officer V Kartikeyan Pandian, was honoured with the President’s Award 2021 by the International Hockey Federation (FIH).

        He was honoured for his contribution towards the promotion of Hockey in Odisha and his efforts during the Mency Hockey World Cup 2018 held in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.

 

5. NEW PRESIDENT OF TIBETAN GOVERNMENT-IN-EXILE

        PenpaTsering sworn in as the second democratically-elected president (Sikyong) of the 17th Parliament-in-Exile of the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA), the Dharamshala-based Tibetan government-in-exile.

        PenpaTsering succeeds LobsangSangay, who completed his second five-year term.

        alai Lama (Tibetan spiritual leader) participated virtually in the ceremony.

 

6. ‘SEHAT OPD’ PORTAL FOR ARMED FORCES PERSONNEL

        Union Minister of Defence Rajnath Singh virtually launched ‘Services e-Health Assistance & Tele-consultation – Outpatient Department (SeHAT OPD)’ Portal (https://sehatopd.in/).

        It is an online medical consultation service for Armed Forces Personnel, veterans of Armed Forces and their families.

        Objective – To provide healthcare services to patients in their homes.

        It provides safe and structured video based clinical consultations between a doctor in a hospital and a patient in their home.

 

7.1ST WOMEN’S CHAMPIONS LEAGUE TITLE

        Barcelona beat Chelsea and won the UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) Women’s Champions League 2020/21 by scoring 4-0.

        It was Barcelona’s first Champions League title.

        Barcelona also became the first team from Spain to win Europe’s top club competition, which had been dominated recently by seven-time champions Lyon.

        Chelsea(London) was the first English team to reach the final since 2007 when Arsenal won the competition.

 

8. “FATHER OF HYBRID RICE”, YUAN LONGPING PASSED AWAY

        The Chinese agricultural scientist,Yuan Longping also known as the “father of hybrid rice”,  has passed away.

        Yuan Longping  was known for developing the first hybrid rice varieties in the 1970s.

        His discovery of Nan-you No. 2,transformed China into a grain surplus country for the first time by increasing China’s rice production from 5.69 billion tonnes in 1950 to 19.47 billion tonnes in 2000.

 

9. H S DORESWAMY PASSED AWAY

        Freedom fighter H S Doreswamy passed away at the age of 104.

        He ran the publication house of ‘Sahitya Mandira’ and the Indian nationalist newspaper ‘Pauravani’ that voiced the aspirations of an independent India.

        He joined the freedom struggle at a young age and participated in the Quit India movement.

        He was jailed for 14 months from 1943 to1944.

 

10. BOOK- “INDIA AND ASIAN GEOPOLITICS: THE PAST, PRESENT”

        A new book titled “India and Asian Geopolitics: The Past, Present” has been released, which has been authored by Indian diplomat Shivshankar Menon.

        The book is published by Brookings Institution.

        Shivshankar Menon was the former National Security Adviser of India under Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh (2010-2014).

 

11. “MISSION OXYGEN SELF-RELIANCE” LAUNCHED BY MAHARASHTRA GOVERNMENT

        The Mission Oxygen Self-Reliance scheme was launched recently by the Maharashtra Government to address the state’s oxygen shortage.

        Under this scheme, the government will provide incentives like minimising power costs and interest subsidy for MSMEs with fixed capital investment of up to Rs.50 crore.

 

12. GOVT TO GIVE ASSISTANCE  TO TRANSGENDER PERSON

        As the country is fighting with COVID19, members of the Transgender community have been critically affected by the pandemic majorly because of serious disruption of livelihoods.

        The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment being the nodal ministry for Transgender Welfare has decided to provide a subsistence allowance of Rs.1500 to each Transgender person as immediate support to meet their basic requirements.

 

13. AMAZON BUYS  MGM

        Amazon.com Inc said that it is buying MGM, the fabled US movie studio home to the James Bond franchise, for 8.45 billion US Dollars.

        The acquisition is Amazon’s second-biggest after Whole Foods Market, which it bought for 13.7 billion US Dollars in 2017.

        MGM, or Metro Goldwyn Mayer, was founded in 1924, owns the Epix cable channel and makes popular TV shows including “Fargo”, “Vikings” and “Shark Tank.”

 

14. BLADE INDIA LAUNCHES AIR AMBULANCE SERVICES

        US-based helicopter transport services provider Blade’s Indian subsidiary announced the launch of medical emergency services across the country, amid an increasing demand for air ambulance services in the wake of the pandemic.

        For a seamless, medical evacuation and bed-to-bed transfer, the company has partnered with ‘MyHealthcare‘, a specialty healthcare ecosystem, to manage all the medical requirements for patients on ground and with Blade being the air carrier service network.

 

15. NASA PLANS TO LAUNCH ITS FIRST MOBILE ROBOT ON THE MOON IN 2023

        The United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration is sending its first mobile robot VIPER to the moon in 2023.

        Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover (VIPER) is part of the Artemis program.

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