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Tuesday, January 23, 2024

DAILY GK 12-13 JAN

 DAILY GK 12-13 JAN

1.              INDIAN CITIES IN  INTERNATIONAL WETLAND CITY ACCREDITATION

·                Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has nominated three Indian cities viz. Indore and Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh (MP) and Udaipur in Rajasthan for the Wetland City Accreditation (WCA) scheme under the Ramsar Convention. 

·                These are the 1st three Indian cities to be nominated for WCA.The WCA is a voluntary accreditation system established by the Ramsar Convention during the Conference of the Contracting Parties (COP) 12, 2015 Accredited cities: The convention has recognised 18 cities during COP13  and 25 cities during COP14. These 43 cities includes 13 from China and 6 from France.

·                Ramsar Convention (Convention on Wetlands of International Importance) is an intergovernmental treaty adopted on February 2, 1971, in the city of Ramsar, on the shores of the Caspian Sea, in Iran.

·                It provides a framework for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands and their resources across its 172-member countries including India.

·                At present, 75 wetlands in India are protected under the treaty.

·                Headquarters– Gland, Switzerland.

 

2.              INDIAN NAVY’S P-8I PARTICIPATES IN EXERCISE SEA DRAGON 24 AT GUAM, USA

·                The Indian Navy’s (IN) P8I aircraft participate in the on-going 4th edition of the anti-submarine warfare (ASW) ‘Exercise Sea Dragon 24’ at Anderson Air Force Base in Guam, United States of America (USA).

·                Sea Dragon is an annual, multinational ASW exercise for Long Range Maritime Reconnaissance (MR) ASW aircraft conducted by the US Navy.

·                Participants: Six countries that are participating in the exercise are India, USA, Australia, Japan, Canada, and the Republic of Korea (South Korea).

·                US Navy P-8A Poseidon, Republic of Korea Navy P-3CK Orion, Royal Canadian Air Force’s CP-140 and Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force Kawasaki P-1 aircraft are also participating in the exercise.

 

3.              4TH SG OF BIMSTEC

·                Ambassador Indra Mani Pandey took charge as the 4th Secretary General (SG) of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC).

·                With this, Pandey becomes the first Indian to hold the post. He will remain SG for a period of 3 years.

·                He succeeds Tenzin Lekphell of Bhutan, who served as the 3rd SG of BIMSTEC from 6 November 2020 to 5 November 2023.

·                BIMSTEC, a regional organisation, was established as BIST-EC (Bangladesh-India-Sri Lanka-Thailand Economic Cooperation) on 6th June 1997 with the signing of Bangkok Declaration.

·                It is Renamed as BIMSTEC on 22nd December 1997 after the admission of Myanmar.

·                Current Members: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Myanmar; Nepal; Sri Lanka and Thailand.

·                Secretary General– Indra Mani Pandey

·                Headquarters– Dhaka, Bangladesh

 

4.              BOOK ‘MODI: ENERGISING A GREEN FUTURE’

·                The Union Minister Bhupender Yadav, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) unveiled a book titled “Modi Energising A Green Future”, published by Pentagon Press in association with Dr.Shyama Prasad Mookerjee Research Foundation.

·                The book analyzes PM Narendra Modi’s environmental leadership, highlighting India’s ambitious contributions to a sustainable and eco-friendly future.

·                The book was edited by RK Pachnanda, former chairman of the Haryana Electricity Regulatory Commission, Bibek Debroy, chairman of the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister(PM), Anirban Ganguly, and Uttam Kumar Sinha.

 

5.              PUNJAB BECOMES 1ST STATE TO MAP ALL ACCIDENT-PRONE SITES IN MAPPLS 

·                Punjab has become the first state in India to map all 784 accident black spots on the mobile application “Mappls”, a navigation system developed by C. E. Info Systems Limited(MapmyIndia).

·                Punjab Police collaborated with MapmyIndia for real-time traffic updates and alerts on the Mappls App about Black and Blind spots.

·                Mappls mobile app will provide voice alerts (in Punjabi language) to the commuters about the upcoming black spots.

·                This initiative is a  part of the preparations for the launch of the flagship project the ‘Sadak Suraksha Force’ of the Government of Punjab.

 

6.              https://affairscloud.com/assets/plugins/wccp-pro/images/transparent.gifHENLEY PASSPORT INDEX 2024

·                According to the The Henley Passport Index 2024 Global Ranking released by Henley and Partners, Indian passport is ranked 80th by providing visa-free or visas on arrival access to 62 countries.

·                India shares the 80th rank with Uzbekistan.Previously in 2023, India was ranked 83rd and provided visa free entry to 58 countries.

·                The top spot is grabbed by 6 countries: France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Singapore, and Spain with citizens enjoying visa-free access to 194 travel destinations.

·                Japan and Singapore have consistently held the top spot for the past five years.

·                The world’s weakest passports globally is of Afghanistan at 104th rank with access to 28 nations only.

 

7.              INDIA RANKS 2ND IN MSCI EM INDEX; CHINA TOPS

·                India has secured a 2nd rank in the MSCI Emerging Markets (EM) index by surpassing Taiwan.

·                The first spot is grabbed by China.

·                India’s share in MSCI Emerging Markets index saw an increase in over eight years from 7% to 17.1% and is projected to rise further to 20% by early 2024.

·                In 2023, India’s stock count in MSCI Standard index increased to 131 after inducting 17 new Indian stocks.
Top 5 countries in MSCI EM Index (8 Jan ‘24 ) – China (26.6), India (17.1), Taiwan (15.8), South Korea (12.6), and Brazil (5.7).

·                In 1988, MSCI Inc., formerly Morgan Stanley Capital International launched the MSCI Emerging Markets Index which is one of the first investable benchmark index global equity markets in the space.

 

8.              INDIA AND U.K. SIGNED LOA AND MOU FOR DEFENCE COLLABORATION IN R&D

·                Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh made a two day visit to the United Kingdom (U.K) in January 2024 and held the bilateral meeting with his British Counterpart Grant Shapps.

·                A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between India and U.K. on conduct of bilateral international cadet exchange programme.

·                Letter of Arrangement was signed between Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), India and Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL), U.K. on defence collaboration in Research and Development (R&D).

 

9.              IIT MADRAS TO ESTABLISH NEW CAMPUS IN KANDY, SRI LANKA

·                The Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT-Madras) based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu is set to start a new campus of its Tech university in Kandy, Sri Lanka in 2024.

·                In January 2024, officials of the IIT-Madras will visit Sri Lanka to begin the process of setting up a branch of its campus in Sri Lanka.

 

10.           TENZING NORGAY NATIONAL ADVENTURE AWARD 2022

·                Droupadi Murmu, President of India, honoured the Four winners of Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award (TNNAA) 2022 during the Sports and Adventure Award 2023 event held in RashtrapatiBhavan, New Delhi, Delhi.

·                The 4 winners of TNNAA 2022 are: Savita Kanswal (posthumous) for Land Adventure, Praveen Singh for Lifetime Achievement, Tulsi Chaitanya Mothukuri for Water Adventure, and Anshu Kumar Tiwari for Air Adventure.

·                TNNAA award honours the achievements of individuals in adventure sports.

·                Late Savita Kanswal was the 1st Indian female mountaineer to summit 2 8000 meters peaks (Mount Everest at a height of 8,848 metres and Mount Makalu at a height of 8,484 metres) in 16 days.

·                Tulsi Chaitanya Mothukuri is the 1st Indian police officer to achieve the triple crown of the open water swimming.

·                Anshu Kumar Tiwari has completed 2214 hrs of flying including 250 hrs in night for skydiving, training and dispatching.

·                Pravin Singh has scaled more than 20 himalayan peaks including Mt Everest twice and Mt Kanchenjunga.

·                TNNAA is named after Tenzing Norgay, who was one of the first 2 people to reach the 8,849-meter summit of Mount Everest on May 29, 1953.

·                Award Value: The award includes a bronze statuette, a certificate, a blazer with a silken tie/a saree, and award money of Rs. 15 Lakh.

 

11.           FIFA PRESIDENT GET INTERNATIONAL SPORTS PERSONALITY AWARD

·                Gianni Infantino, President of the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA), received the Award for International Sports Personality for 2023 at the 12th annual Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Creative Sports Awards held in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

·                The award was established in 2009 inspired by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum’s passion for sports.

 

12.           INDIAN NAVY RECEIVED DRISHTI 10 STARLINER DRONE  

·                The Indian Navy received Drishti 10 Starliner (also known as Elbit Hermes 900), the 1st indigenously manufactured Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), manufactured at the Adani Defence and Aerospace(ADA) facility in Hyderabad, Telangana.

·                The drone was unveiled by Admiral R Hari Kumar, Chief of Naval Staff (CNS), Indian Navy, in Hyderabad, Telangana.

·                The Drishti 10 drones were produced by Adani Group in partnership with Israel’s Elbit Systems. Around 70% of the drone has been indigenised.

·                It has 36 hours endurance and 450 kg payload capacity

 

13.           NATIONAL YOUTH DAY 2024- JANUARY 12

·                National Youth Day is annually celebrated across India on 12 January to commemorate the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda

·                12 January 2024 marks the 161st birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda.

·                In 1984, the Government of India (GoI) declared the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda as National Youth Day to honour his teachings and ideals.

 

14.           PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI) SCHEME

·                The Union Cabinet Chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has approved the overarching scheme “PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI)” of Ministry of Earth Sciences, for implementation during the period from 2021-26 at an overall cost of Rs. 4,797 crore.

·                Objective of scheme is Augmentation and sustainance of long-term observations of the atmosphere, ocean, geosphere, cryosphere and solid earth to record the vital signs of the Earth System and change.

·                Development of modelling systems for understanding and predicting weather, ocean and climate hazards and understanding the science of climate change.

·                Exploration polar and high seas regions of the Earth towards discovery of new phenomena and resources.

·                The scheme encompasses five ongoing sub-schemes namely “Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS)”, “Ocean Services, Modelling Application, Resources and Technology (O-SMART)”, “Polar Science and Cryosphere Research (PACER)”, “Seismology and Geosciences (SAGE)” and “Research, Education, Training and Outreach (REACHOUT)”.

 

15.           SRIMUKHALINGAM TEMPLE

·                Recently, ASI assured to send a note to UNESCO over the inclusion of the Srimukhalingam temple in Andhra Pradesh in the World Heritage Structures’ list.

·                Srimukhalingam temple’s chief priest Naidugari Rajasekhar says the architecture of the temple is similar to Lingaraja temple located in Bhubaneswar of Odisha.

·                It is located on the Vamsadhara River.

·                It is dedicated to Lord Srimukha Lingeswara (a form of Shiva).

 

16.           INLAND WATERWAYS DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL

·                The maiden edition of the Inland Waterways Development Council (IWDC) in Kolkata culminated recently.

·                The meet, chaired by the Union Minister of Ports, Shipping & Waterways and Ayush, Shri Sarbananda Sonowal was attended by key stakeholders including ministerial representations from states as well as prominent stakeholders including policy makers and industry leaders.

·                Inland Waterways Development Council:-Established:1986.

·                Ministry: Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways.

·                HQ: Noida, UP.

 

17.           ATAL BIHARI VAJPAYEE SEWRI - NHAVA SHEVA ATAL SETU

·                Recently, Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi inaugurated Atal Bihari Vajpayee Sewri-Nhava Sheva Atal Setu in Navi Mumbai.

·                The foundation stone of the bridge was laid by the Prime Minister in December 2016.

·                It is about a 21.8 km long 6-lane bridge having about 16.5 km length over the sea and about 5.5 km on the land.

·                It is the longest bridge in India.

·                It is also the longest sea bridge in India.

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