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Showing posts with label Daily GK. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Daily GK. Show all posts

Monday, June 13, 2022

DAILY GK : 10, 11 JUNE

 DAILY GK : 10, 11 JUNE

1.       NHAI SETS NEW GUINNESS WORLD RECORD

·         NHAI created a new world record in laying 75 kms of bituminous concrete in a single lane on NH53 between Amravati to Akola Districts in 105 hours and 33 minutes.

·         The corridor connects major cities like Kolkata, Raipur, Nagpur and Surat.

·         Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari announced the target of constructing 60 kilometres of highway per day.

 

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DAILY GK: 8,9 JUNE

 DAILY GK: 8,9 JUNE

1.       MULTINATIONAL JOINT EXERCISE ‘EX KHAAN QUEST 2022′

·         Annual Multinational Peacekeeping Military Exercise ‘Ex Khaan Quest (KQ) 2022’ has commenced which is hosting by Mongolia at its Five Hills Training Area, near Ulaanbaatar.

·         Military contingents from 16 countries are being participating in this exercise.

·         Indian Army (IA) is represented by a contingent from the Ladakh Scouts.

 

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DAILY GK : 7 JUNE

 DAILY GK : 7 JUNE

1.       LIFESTYLE FOR THE ENVIRONMENT MOVEMENT

·         The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi launched ‘Lifestyle for the Environment (LiFE) Movement’ via video conferencing, the idea of which introduced by him during the 26th United Nations Climate Change (UNCC) Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow in 2021.

·         The LiFE envisages the replacement of the prevalent economy of ‘use-and-dispose’ with a circular economy of ‘Reduce, Reuse and Recycle’.

·         There is a need to live a lifestyle in tune with our planet in order to make the environment sustainable.

·         The people opting this lifestyle are regarded as ‘Pro-Planet People (P3)’.

·         The framework ‘EAST’ that India, and other nations are using for behaviour change in connection with the environment and climate stands for Easy (E), Attractive (A), Social (S), and Timely (T).

·         During the conference, the leaders added new acronym to it i.e. FEAST where F stands for Fun.

·         It was coined by Cass Sunstein, Author of Nudge Theory and Behavioural Scientist at Harvard University, United States (US).

 

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DAILY GK : 5, 6 JUNE

 DAILY GK : 5, 6 JUNE

1.       CENTRAL GOVT APPROVES 8.1% EPF INTEREST RATE FOR 2021-22

·         The Central Government has officially approved 8.1% rate of interest on Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF) deposits for 2021-22, which is down by 40 basis points from 8.5% provided in 2020-21.

·         This new interest rate is the lowest since 1977-78(over four-decade low), when it stood at 8%.

·         This decision regarding interest rate cut was taken in March 2022 by Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO).

·         The EPFO invests 85% of its annual accruals in debt instruments, including government securities and bonds, and 15% in equity through ETFs (Exchange-Traded Fund).

·         The earnings from both debt and equity are used to calculate the interest payment.

·         EPFO Parent Ministry– Ministry of Labour and Employment

·         Central Provident Fund Commissioner-CPFC (CEO of EPFO)– Neelam Shami Rao

 

2.       “SHRESHTA” SCHEME FOR MERITORIOUS STUDENTS OF SCHEDULED CASTES

·         Union Minister Dr. Virendra Kumar, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MoSJE), launched the Scheme for Residential Education for Students in High Schools in Targeted Areas (SRESHTA)

·         SHRESHTA was created in response to the Constitutional mandate to provide quality education and opportunities for even the poorest Scheduled Caste (SC) students.

·         The scheme will provide meritorious poor students from SC communities, whose parental income is less than Rs. 2.5 lakh per annum, with free access to a high-quality education (from Class 9 to 12).

·         Approximately 3,000 such students from various states and Union Territories (UTs) are selected each year under the scheme through a transparent mechanism called the National Entrance Test for SHRESHTA (NETS), which is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA).

·         The scholarships will be funded by GoI, which will cover the school fee (including tuition) and hostel fee (including mess charges) via Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT).

 

3.       INDIAN AIRFORCE HERITAGE CENTRE

·         Indian Air Force signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Chandigarh administration for setting up of a Firs-of-its kind Indian Air Force Heritage Centre in Union Territory of Chandigarh.

·         Simulators, decommissioned aircraft, aero engines, and other IAF artefacts will be housed in this facility.

·         Chief of Air Staff: Vivek Ram Chaudhari(VR Chaudhari)

 

4.       INDIA & BANGLADESH ARE REBOOTING THEIR RAIL LINK

·         The passenger train services between India and Bangladesh were resumed with Bandhan Express (Kolkata, West Bengal, India to Khulna, Bangladesh) and Maitree Express (Dhaka, Bangladesh to Kolkata, West Bengal), 2 years after these trains were stopped on 28th March 2020, due to COVID-19 pandemic.

·         The Mitali Express, a 3rd train connecting New Jalpaiguri in North Bengal, West Bengal with Dhaka,Bangladesh will be flagged off in June 2022 by Railways ministers of both India and Bangladesh.

·         So far, 5 rail links have been rebooted between India and Bangladesh, which include Petrapole (India)-Benapole (Bangladesh), Gede (India)-Darshana (Bangladesh), Singhabad (India)-Rohanpur (Bangladesh), Radhikapur (India)-Birol (Bangladesh), Haldibari (India)-Chilahati (Bangladesh).

 

5.       KIYAVERSE: KIYA.AI LAUNCHES INDIA’S 1ST BANKING METAVERSE

·         India’s first banking metaverse namely ‘Kiyaverse’ has been launched by Kiya.ai in Mumbai, Maharashtra which intends to merge use cases of real-world banking with metaverse banking through an avatar (virtual humanoid) based interactions.

·         Kiyaverse will allow customers to transact, access banking information, and obtain various banking products virtually from the comfort of their own homes.

·         Metaverse is a network of 3D virtual worlds that uses augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), and blockchain, along with concepts from social media, to create spaces for user interaction mimicking the real world.

·         It covers nearly everything, such as games, meetings, and shopping.

·         Companies that provide Metaverse development services to their global clients include Tech Mahindra (TechMVerse), Wipro, Accenture, Infosys.

 

6.       BLOOMBERG BILLIONAIRE INDEX: MUKESH AMBANI BECOMES ASIA’S RICHEST MAN

·         According to the Bloomberg Billionaire Index (as of 3rd June 2022), a daily ranking of the world’s richest people, Mukesh Ambani, Chairman and Managing Director(CMD) of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) became the richest man in India as well as in Asia with a net worth of USD 99.7 billion, surpassing Gautam Adani, chairman and founder of the Adani Group whose net worth was at USD 98.7 billion.

·         Mukesh Ambani was ranked as the 8th richest man in the world whereas GautamAdani was ranked 9th on the list.

·         Elon Musk, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Tesla and SpaceX, remained the World’s richest man with a net worth of USD 227 Billion.

 

7.       FORBES THE REAL-TIME BILLIONAIRES LIST: ELON MUSK TOPS 

·         According to Forbes’ “The Real-Time Billionaires List” (as of 3rd June 2022), Elon Musk retains his position as the World’s Richest Person with a net worth of USD 233.7 billion.

·         Bernard Arnault and the family of LVMH(Mo√ęt Hennessy Louis Vuitton) is ranked 2nd with a net worth of USD 157 billion followed by Amazon’s founder Jeff Bezos with a net worth of USD 151.2 billion.

·         Mukesh Ambani has ranked 6th on the list with a total net worth of USD 104.7 Billion while GautamAdani has ranked 9th with a total net worth of USD 99.9 billion.

 

8.       SANGITA KALANIDHI AWARDS FOR 2020, 2021 & 2022 

·         The Music Academy, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, announced the winners of the Sangita Kalanidhi Awards for 2020, 2021 and 2022.

·         Neyveli R. Santhanagopalan, noted vocalist was selected for the Sangita Kalanidhi Awards 2020, Mridhangam Maestro Tiruvarur Bhaktavatsalam for 2021, and violinists Lalgudi GJR Krishnan and GJR Vijayalakshmi has been named the winners of 2022.

·         Sangita Kalanidhi, established in 1942, is considered the highest accolade in the field of Carnatic music.

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Tuesday, June 7, 2022

DAILY GK : 3,4 JUNE

 

DAILY GK : 3,4 JUNE

1.       TRW’S ROAD ACCIDENTS IN INDIA 2020

·         As per report ‘Road accidents in India — 2020’, prepared by Transport Research Wing (TRW) of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH), the number of road accidents has been on decline since 2016 except for a marginal increase of 0.46 per cent in 2018. 

·         Traffic accidents declined by 18.46% on average, deaths decreased by 12.84%, and injuries decreased by 22.84% in 2020.

·         A decline in the number of fatal accidents, i.e., accidents involving at least one death. A total of 1, 20,806 fatal accidents were reported in 2020, which is 12.23 per cent lower than the 2019 figure of 1, 37,689.

 

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Friday, June 3, 2022

DAILY GK 1, 2 MAY

 DAILY GK 1, 2 MAY 

1.       INDIA’S BIGGEST DRONE FESTIVAL BHARAT DRONE MAHOTSAV 2022

·         Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi inaugurated India’s biggest Drone Festival, Bharat Drone Mahotsav 2022, at PragatiMaidan in New Delhi, Delhi.

·         ePlane Company, an aviation and aerospace component manufacturing company, displayed a static prototype of the ‘e200’ – India’s first flying taxi.

 

2.       GST REGISTRATIONS BY BUSINESSES & DEALERS

·         According to the official data from the government of India(GoI) on the aggregate Goods and Services Tax (GST) registrations in the 2017-2022 period, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh(UP) have topped in the GST registration by businesses and dealers followed by Gujarat and Tamil Nadu. 

·         Maharashtra has 1.48 million normal GST payers while UP has 1.33 million GST payers. 

·         UP has the largest share of small businesses with over 357000 composition dealers

 

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DAILY GK: 29-31 MAY

 DAILY GK: 29-31 MAY 

1.         ‘GATISAKTHI’ TRAINS – INDIA’S 1ST SEMI-HIGH SPEED FREIGHT TRAINS

          Indian Railways announced its plan of introducing India’s 1st Semi-High Speed Freight Trains by December 2022.

          The trains mocked as ‘Gati Shakti’ trains are capable of operating at a speed of 160 km/hour carrying 16-coach is based on the  Vande Bharat platform, and currently being manufactured at the  Integral Coach Factory (ICF) in Chennai.

          Indian Railways is set to increase its capacity in freight transportation to 45% in 2030, from the current 27%.

          At present, the overall target is set to 25 such freight trains, with 2 of them to be delivered by ICF in December 2022.

          As of now,  74 new ‘Gati-Shakti Multi-Modal Cargo Terminal (GCT) locations’ across India (with 20 from South India) were identified by the Indian Railways under the ‘Gati-Shakti Multi Model Cargo Terminal’ policy.

 

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DAILY GK:27,28 MAY

 DAILY GK:27,28 MAY 

1.       INDIAN NAVY – BANGLADESH NAVY BILATERAL EXERCISE BONGOSAGAR

·         The 3rd edition of Indian Navy (IN)-Bangladesh Navy (BN) Bilateral Exercise ‘Bongosagar 2022’ commenced at Port Mongla, Bangladesh.

·         It consists of Harbour Phase, and a Sea Phase in the Northern Bay of Bengal. 

 

2.       ABHILASHA BARAK BECOMES 1ST WOMAN COMBAT AVIATOR IN THE INDIAN ARMY

·         Captain Abhilasha Barak, (26 years old) from Haryana, has become the first woman combat aviator to join the Indian Army Aviation Corps as a helicopter pilot. 

·         She graduated at a ceremony held at the Combat Army Aviation Training School in Nashik, Maharashtra. 

·         The Army Aviation Corps, raised in November 1986, operates ALH, Rudra helicopters (an armed variant of ALH), Chetaks, Cheetahs and Cheetal helicopters

·         In 2021, the Indian Army has decided to allow women officers to opt for its aviation wing. 

·         Until now, the women officers were assigned only ground duties in army aviation. 

 

3.       NATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT SURVEY (NAS) 2021

·         The Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education has released the National Achievement Survey (NAS) 2021 report assessing the state of the School education system in India.

·         The report provides a comprehensive evaluation of children’s learning competencies at classes III, V, VIII and X on subjects such as languages, mathematics, and science with a cycle period of three years.

·         The last NAS Survey was conducted in 2017.

·         The Survey saw participation of about 34 lakh students from 1.18 lakh schools in 720 districts from both rural and urban areas.

·         The National average percentage of students declined to 59 percent for Class third, dropping by 10 percent to 49 percent in class fifth, 41.9 percent in class eight and 37.8 percent in class ten.

·         Among the States, Maharashtra scored above average with a score of 59 percent in class 3 but it consistently dropped to 49 percent, 41 percent and 37.8 percent in class 5, 8 and 10 respectively.

 

4.       RBI CANCELS REGISTRATION OF 5 NBFCS

·         The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in exercise of the powers conferred under Section 45-IA (6) (iv) of the RBI Act, 1934 has cancelled the Certificate of Registration (CoR) issued to the following five Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs).

·         The non-bank lenders whose registrations were cancelled by RBI on Wednesday include UMB Securities Ltd, Anashri Finvest Ltd, Chadha Finance Private Ltd ,Alexcy Tracon Pvt Ltd and Jhuria Financial Services Pvt Ltd.

·         The RBI also revised the ceiling on loans to individuals for carrying out repairs/additions/alterations to their homes to Rs 10 lakh in metros from Rs 5 lakh; and Rs 6 lakh in rural to and semi urban areas from Rs 2 lakh earlier.

 

5.       BRICS’S NDB TO OPEN INDIA’S REGIONAL OFFICE IN GUJARAT

·         New Development Bank (NDB) formerly referred to as the BRICS(Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) Development Bank, is set to open its regional office in India at the Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT City), Gujarat

·         Indian Regional Office(IRO), in coordination with NDB Headquarters(Shanghai), will focus on initial project preparation and technical assistance, pipeline development, project implementation and monitoring as well as regional portfolio management.

 

6.       SBI INTRODUCES XPRESS CREDIT ON YONO

·         The State Bank of India (SBI) has launched the personal loan product ‘Xpress Credit’ for salaried customers on its digital banking platform “YONO”.

·         The eligible customers can avail of personal loans, Real-time Xpress Credit (RTXC), up to Rs 35 lakhs through the YONO app, without any paperwork

 

7.       KISHORE JAYARAMAN RECEIVES ORDER OF BRITISH EMPIRE AWARD

·         The Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) was presented by the Queen of England to Kishore Jayaraman, President of Rolls-Royce for India and South Asia region, for his services to international trade

·         About Kishore Jayaraman: Kishore Jayaraman is a board member of the UK-India Business Council (UKIBC), a non-profit organisation which supports setting up UK businesses in India.

 

8.       ANWAR HUSSAIN SHAIK IS NEW CHAIR OF WTO COMMITTEE

·         An Indian Officer, Anwar HussainShaik would take the role as  the chair of the World Trade Organisation’s Committee on Technical Barriers on Trade from Elisa Maria Olmeda de Alejandro from Mexico, after a gap of ten years.

·         TBT Committee work involves two broad areas — review of specific measures and strengthening implementation of the TBT Agreement.

·         WTO is a 164-member multilateral body which formulates rules for global exports and imports and adjudicates disputes between countries on trade-related issues.

·         India has been a member since 1995.

·         Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland.

·         Director-General: NgoziOkonjo-Iweala. 

 

9.       PARAM PORUL SUPERCOMPUTER INAUGURATED AT NIT-TIRUCHIRAPPALLI

·         The supercomputer was built based on the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between NIT Tiruchirappalli and C-DAC in order to establish 838 TeraFlops Supercomputing Facility under NSM.  

·         PARAM PORUL is equipped with a mix of Central Processing Unit (CPU) nodes, Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) nodes, High Memory nodes, High throughput storage and high performance Infiniband interconnect

·         It works on Direct Contact Liquid Cooling Technology to obtain a high power usage effectiveness and thereby reducing the operational cost.  

·         So far under the National Superconducting Mission, 15 supercomputers have been installed across the nation with compute capacity of 24 petaflops.

 

10.    GOLF-JUSTIN THOMAS WINS PGA CHAMPIONSHIP 2022

·         Justin Thomas, an American professional golfer, won the 104th PGA Championship (2022) and claimed his 2nd Wanamaker Trophy, defeating Will Zalatoris (America). 

·         The 2022 PGA Championship was held in Southern Hills Country Club in Tulsa, Oklahoma, the United States of America(USA). 

·         The PGA Championship is an annual golf tournament conducted by the Professional Golfers’ Association of America. It is one of the four men’s major championships in professional golf.

 

11.    PM NARENDRA MODI VISIT TO JAPAN FOR QUAD LEADERS’ MEETING 2022

·         The Prime Minister (PM) of India Narendra Modi visited Japan to participate in the 4th and 2nd in-person QUAD (Quadrilateral) Leaders’ Meeting 2022 in Tokyo, Japan along with the United States (US) President Joseph Robinette Biden Jr.; and PM of Australia, Anthony Norman Albanese.

·         The QUAD countries are Australia, India, Japan, and the US.

·         The meeting saw the announcement of a Quad Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Package (Q-CHAMP) with ‘mitigation’ and ‘adaptation’ as its two themes.

·         The QUAD nations also announced the launch of ‘Quad Fellowship program’ which will be offered by the Quad to students from four countries.

·         The Government of India (GoI) and the Government of the US has signed an Investment Incentive Agreement (IIA) in Tokyo. 

·         QUAD  was established shortly after the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 to coordinate humanitarian assistance.

·         The first QUAD Leaders’ Meeting held in March 2021, in-person Summit in Washington D.C., US in September 2021; and virtual meeting in March 2022.

·         It has also established six leader-level working groups on the Covid-19 pandemic, climate change, technology, cybersecurity, space and infrastructure.

 

12.    INTERNATIONAL BOOKER PRIZE

·         The 2022 International Booker Prize for Translated Fiction was awarded to ‘Tomb of Sand’ written by Geetanjali Shree and translated by Daisy Rockwell.

·         The book was originally published in Hindi as Ret Samadhi in 2018.

·         This is the first book in any Indian language to win the prestigious International Booker Prize and this is the first novel translated from Hindi to win the award.

·         In 1997, Arundhati Roy became the first Indian to win the Booker Prize for her novel, “The God of Small Things.”

·         The International Booker Prize was instituted in 2005 as the “Man BookerInternational Prize” and is awarded every year for a single book that is translated into English and published in the UK or Ireland.     

 

13.    ‘INS NIRDESHAK’ INDIAN NAVY’S SURVEY VESSEL LAUNCHED BY GRSE 

·         The second of the four Survey Vessels (Large) (SVL) ‘Nirdeshak’ (Yard 3026), was launched at Kattupalli, Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

·         The ship was built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE) in collaboration with L&T Shipbuilding Limited for the Indian Navy.

·         The first of class ship ‘Sandhayak’ was launched on 05 December 2021 at GRSE, Kolkata.

·         The new SVL ships will replace the existing Sandhayak Class survey ships with new generation hydrographic equipment to collect oceanographic data. 

·         The new vessel takes its name from a former Indian Naval Survey ship, Nirdeshak, which was decommissioned in December 2014 after 32 years of glorious service.

 

14.    INDIAN NAVY SUCCESSFULLY TESTS SURFACE TO AIR MISSILE SYSTEM FROM WARSHIP

·         The Indian Navy successfully tested its ship-based surface to air missile system by taking down a low flying target.

·         The test fire took place from Talwar Class Indian Navy warship – INS Teg.

·         A surface-to-air missile, also known as a ground-to-air missile or surface-to-air guided weapon, is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.

·         SAM can be Long Range Surface to Air Missile (LRSAM) and Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MRSAM).

·         LRSAM: to defend against any type of airborne threat including aircraft, helicopters, anti-ship missiles, and UAVs as well as cruise missiles and combat jets. 

·         MRSAM: High-response, quick reaction, vertically launched supersonic missile, designed to neutralize enemy aerial threats – missiles, aircraft, guided bombs, helicopters.

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